Chapter 11: Key Issue 3Where is Industry Expanding?1. Internationally, where has manufacturing declined? Where has it increased?Intraregional Shifts in Manufacturing2. How has the distribution of manufacturing changed as modern factories have developed?Interregional Shifts in Manufacturing3. A rustbelt is defined as “an area characterized by concentrations of declining industries (steel or textiles).” After looking at the maps on p. 385 and reading the text, identify the regions in the United States that could be considered, or are moving toward becoming, rustbelts.4. What areas of the U.S. are gaining industry and why (specify specific areas and what they produce)?5. In Europe, manufacturing has moved from traditional industrial centers in _____________________ Europe toward ________________ and __________________ Europe. What has caused industrial relocation in Europe? Is this similar to or different from the U.S.?6. What country is BY FAR the leading new industrial center? Provide an example to support your answer.Asia7. What two assets does China have in attracting manufacturing?8. China’s manufacturer’s have clustered in three areas along the east coast. Identify these areas on the above map. 200
9. The areas you identified in question 8 are called specialized economic zones. In these geographical regions, there are economic laws that are more liberal than a countrys typical economic laws. Usually the goal of these areas is to increase foreign direct investment from multinational/transnational corporations. Go online and find a picture that proves foreign direct investment is happening in one of these SEZs in China. Glue or paste the picture in the space below.Latin America10. What two countries are the two leading industrial centers in Latin America, and where is manufacturing clustered?11. In the 1960s, would Latin America have been using more the Self-Sufficiency Approach or Rostow’s International Trade Model (read p.315-316)?12. What region in Mexico expanded during the 1980s and why?13. Would Latin America in the 1990s have been using the Self-Sufficiency Approach or Rostow’s International Trade Approach?14. What has forced some maquiladora plants to close? “Central” Europe15. Since the fall of communism in the early 1990s, what European countries have become major centers of industrial investment?16. What is attractive about these “Central” European countries (be specific about site and situation factors)? Glue this part of the page into your notebook.