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PHYSICAL CHANGES report

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113 report by hannah and ina

113 report by hannah and ina

Published in: Health & Medicine

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  • 1. PHYSICALCHANGES
  • 2. I. A. PHYSICAL CHANGE Rapid changes in body size and shape are the most obvious signs of approaching adolescence. (PHYSICAL) Of or relating to the body + (CHANGE) to make shift from one to another (Merriam-webster online dictionary, 2012)
  • 3.  Why does puberty start? No one knows why puberty begins precisely when it does, but it has to do with changes in the region of the brain called hypothalamus. (Rice and Dolgin, 2008)
  • 4. BIOLOGICAL VIEWS ONADOLESCENCE G. Stanley Hall: Sturm and Drang - Believed that “ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny” -“Sturm und Drang” – Storm and Stress in German -Little could be done since they are genetically based
  • 5.  Arnold Gesell -Genes determine the order of appearance of behavioral traits & development trends -Difficulties and deviations will be outgrown -Advice to parent: do not overreact to misbehaviour
  • 6. ISSUES
  • 7. EFFEC BOYS AND GIRLS A R S TS O EA LY M TU ER N R BOYS GIRLS EARLY AND LATE INSECURITY AND MATURATIONCONSIDERED STRONGER INCOMPETENT MAY FEEL BETTER EARLY LATE MATURERS TENDS TO GO WITH OLDER TENDS TO BE MORE MATURERS POPULAR CROWD LOW SELF-ESTEEM “Teens may be concerned because they HOLDS MORE LEADERSHIP May not have enough time to are not physically developing at the POSITIONS complete the necessary same rate as their peers” EFFEC O LA developmental tasks. TS N TE M TU ER A R S
  • 8. SELFESTEEM
  • 9. FACTORS THAT AFFECT SELF ESTEEM - John W. Santrock SOCIAL ACCEPTANCE BEHAVIORAL CONDUCT SCHOLASTIC COMPETENCE ATHLETIC COMPETENCE PHYSICAL APPEARANCE
  • 10. “Physical Growth and Physical “Many adolescent girls believe that physical appearance is a major part ofMaturation are closely related to a their self-esteem and their body is a developing adolescent’s self-major sense of self. While for boys, self- appraisal in relation to his peers” worth is based on abilities, rather than looks”
  • 11. Sexual Maturation1. Development of sex characteristicso Preparationo Adolescent girls who are prepared for menstruation in a positive way are more likely to consider it a positive experience. (Rice and Dolgin, 2008)o Adults still believe that the magic age is 13o In 1999, 6. 7% white girls & 27.7% African- american girls show some signs of puberty by age 7 –breast & pubic hair development
  • 12. 2. Athletes• Girls: Menstural irregularites - 10% of girls who vigorously exercise may develop amenorrhea. -Female athlete triad: a. disordered eating behaviour b. Amenorrhea c. osteoporosis
  • 13. • Boys: use of steroids - increase their strength and endurance -increase muscle mass & reduce body fat - Forms: pills, rubbed on in cream form, or injected through syringe
  • 14. • Serious: risk the development of liver tumors, high blood pressure, weakening of tendons, heart attack, strokes and blood clots, severe acne, baldness, reduced sperm count, enlargement of prostate gland, increased breast size
  • 15. 3. Result: attention becomes focused on sex, new sexual sensations and on the people of the opposite gender• Adolescents give much time and attention to:Boys Boys & Girls GirlsGrooming and clothes Thoughts and fantasies HairExperiment w/ make- upBody building care Sexual behaviours (kissing, Sigh over romantic movies petting, masturbation, intercourse)
  • 16. 4. Height• Genetics• Nutrition• Age when sexual maturation begins
  • 17. Body Image 1. Physical attractiveness • Personality development • Social relationships • Social behaviour
  • 18. 2. Ideal Sex Ideal Actions/Effects Female Ectomorph Plastic surgery Smooth and Radiant Drug intake Skin Anorexia Nervosa Male Mesomorph Bulimia Skip meals Gym
  • 19. INFLUENCES
  • 20. Family• Genetics• Lifestyle -physical activities -nutrition
  • 21. SOCIETY AND MEDIA“Most researchers agreethat the media is largelyresponsible for girls’desire to be slender” –Levine & Harrison, 2004
  • 22. “Given the overwhelming prevalence of thin and lean female images and strong and lean male images, body image concerns have become widespread among adolescents.”
  • 23. RECOMMENDATIONFor parents:Novella Ruffin., Extension Specialist, Virginia State University1. Don’t criticize or compare the teens to others.2. Encourage teens to get enough sleep.3. Encourage and model healthy eating habits4. Encourage and model physical activity5. Provide honest answers to teens about sex6. Be understanding of their need of physical space7. Be patient with excessive grooming habits
  • 24. ACCEPTANCE
  • 25. DO YOU WANT CHANGES? • SET REALISTIC GOALS. • BE SURE THAT YOU ARE DOING IT FOR YOURSELF, NOT FOR ANYTHING OR ANYONE ELSE

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