Two faces, one thought Continent and Pannonium, sun and lake, classical vinification and personal handwriting: Hans and Andreas Gsellmann use the enormous potential of the terroir and produce white wines with transparent structure, red wines highly expressive and „noble sweet wines“ which are piquant and have enormous depth – predominantly from domestic varieties. Multilayered and absolute distinctive at the same time. Two faces, one thought.
The climate: The PannobileRegion is part of the so called pannonium climate zone. Extremely hot and dry summers, and cold winters as well as the precipitation in autumn and spring are typical for this climate. On average the whole pannonium zone is rather dry, the average amount of precipitation is below 600 millimeters. The region around Gols is one of the sunniest and hottest places in Austria: 10°C is the yearly temperature; more than 61 summer days a year are hotter than 25°C. An important fact is the microclimate of the Lake Neusiedl. It works mitigating and compensatory, increases the air humidity and extends the vegetation period. In summer the lake heats up to 30°C. At night the lake delivers the stored warmth slowly to its environment. The mitigating effect of the lake prevents late frosts in the spring and provides a long, warm late autumn. The intensive sun exposure provides ripe and juicy tannin. Lower temperatures during the night promote the fruit formation and works acidreceiving. During the day the soil heats up and in the night it supplies stored warmth. In the sloping site this effect is supported by the sun exposure. An important factor is also the wind, which blows frequent over the Pannonian plate and delivers good aeration of the vineyards.
Geology Gols is situated in the west of the Pannonian basin. On the geological timescale the Pannonian basin is still relatively young and is landlocked within the interior of the Carpathian arc. The evolution of the Pannonian basin has been linked to various stages of tectonic activity due to orogenic movements and rift systems during Early to Late Miocene times (24 5 million years ago). The system included a separate branch of the Tethys Ocean, the Paratethys which had a short lived connection between the Mediterranean Sea (Rhone valley in the west) and the Caspian Sea in the east, linking it to the Indian Ocean.
Altenberg: Height above sea level: 168 m; area: 0,46 ha; grape varieties: Grape varieties: Blaufraenkisch and St. Laurent The south western sloping site has well developed sandy soils and a warm climate. The Plateau consists of Tschernosem soils (black soils), very fine tertiary sediments, with calcareous concretions, which may be derived from Leithakalk (Chalk). Brown, slightly sandy soils. Soil Profile Plant 2004
Singlevinyard Altenberg Fine grained sediments, sometimes including sand and silt (Upper Pannonium 5,1 million years ago) topped by clay soils with a few gravels. Biodynamic equipment 2007 First Harvest 2007
Gabarinza Plateau Singlevinyard Gabarinza Slope Plateau also contains Danube river gravel from the Mindel glacial Slope Fine grained sandy lake sediments, sometimes containing clay (between 500.000 and 700.000 years old) topped by limestonefree from the upper Pannonium ( 78 million years) topped by chalky clay, clay with some gravel.sometimes containing gravel
Gabarinza: Height above sea level: 160 m; area: 2,5 ha; Grape varieties: Blaufränkisch, Merlot, Blauer Zweigelt, St. Laurent Gabarinza is distinguished by its climate and geology and can be divided into two areas. The „slope“ is located at the outer edge of the edge of the Parndorfer Platte dominated by limestone rich tertiary sediments and fringed by redbrown, limestone free gravel. The soil horizon is without rock structure, containing clay but hardly any humidified organic matter. Extreme occasion of warmth and radiation provide the optimal climatic conditions for last ripening varieties like Blaufränkisch and Merlot. The “Plateau”, 171 m above sea level Dominated by redbrown, limestone free gravel, sitting on limestone gravel. This is one of the old flood plains of the “UrDonau” river, and comprises a weakly chalky Tschernosem soil. Gabarinza before plant
Goldberg: Height above sea level: 165 m; Area: 14Ha Pinot Blanc 0,2Ha Pinot Noir 0,6Ha Blauer Zweigelt, 0,2Ha St.Laurent. Paratschernosem from fine material with gravel and sandy loam. Slightly cooler climate, the site sloping to the east, perfect for early ripening grape varieties like the pinotfamily. Summer &Winter
Singlevinyard GoldbergDanube flood bank gravel from the Mindel glacial (between 500.000 and 700.000 years old), disturbed by frost heaving and topped by a weakly chalky layer of silty sand.
Singlevinyard Spiegel ( Mirror ) Height above sea level 169m Area 0,28Ha Blaufraenkisch Fine grained sediments, sometimes including sand and silt (Upper Pannonium, 5,1 million years ago) topped by clay soils with a few gravels The south western sloping site has well developed deep sandy soils and a warm climate; Extreme occasion of warmth and radiation provide the optimal climatic conditions for last ripening varieties like Merlot. Mai 2002 we plant Merlot Juni 2004 – virginharvest Merlot Juni 2009 – we engraft the Grape varietis to Blaufraenkisch
Salzberg: Height above sea level: 155m; area: 0,24 ha; grape variety: Blauer Zweigelt; 0,4ha Blaufraenkisch Situated at the edge of the Parndorfer Platte (south west slope) with limestone rich tertiary sediments at the surface. The limestone rich soil horizon made from mainly tertiary sediments is topped by a layer of humus.
Singlevinyard SalzbergDanube flood bank gravel from the Mindel glacial (between 500.000 and 700.000 years old) with intercepting sandy layers topped by limestone free gravel.
Ungerberg: Height above sea level: 156m; area: 1.5 ha; grape variety: Blaufraenkisch Lake terrace sediments from the Parndorfer Platte with limestone rich tertiary sediments at the surface. The Tschernosem soil shows moderate to strong pedality. South west sloping site: warmest climate and shortest distance to the north eastern shores of the lake. Blaufraenkisch and Blauer Zweigelt grow on the warmest part of the slope chalky clay and fine sands with gravel. View of the Ungerberg over the Lake Neusiedl and the Leithagebirge to the Schneeberg (60km)
Singlevinyard UngerbergFine grained, sandy and chalky lake sediments of the Upper Pannonium (78 million years ago) topped by a chalky sandy layer with gravel.
Heideboden Height above sea level 115m Situated between the village border, the edge of the “ Nationalpark Lake Neusiedl” and the villages Frauenkirchen and Podersdorf. Black soils and gravely soils with an AHorizon of 15 25 cm, below well aerated gravely soils. View of the Ungerberg over the Lake Neusiedl to the „Nationalpark Neusiedlersee“
Pruning: During the cold month of the year we are pruning our vineyards.
Fixing the vines in Spring – Cherry bloom – Frosted Almond Wintersun
Kompostmagement 18 month later the Compost is matured
Greenwork: To keep the grape zone aerial it is necessary to break out young shoots. Subsequent the grapes get thinned out to one per shoot.. Grape varieties: Blauer Zweigelt Juli
Colouring: at the first grape begins the St. Laurent with colouring the beeries – middle till end of August St. Laurent September
Viev from Singlevinyaerd Rosenberg to the Lake Neusiedl
Blaufraenkisch Reserved for Sweetwine „Guardnet“ against starling (sturnus vulgarus)
Harvest: The grapes are cropped by hand and preselected in the vineyard.
Selection during the harvest in vineyard and additional selection of the grapes during processing. Temperature steered, skincontact 2 4 weeks Maturing: up to 18 months in new and used barrels
Microvinfication 2006 – the first wine of Andreas – the grapes are entrapped by hand
Colouring the Leaves in Autumn: different grape varieties – different colour
At november the mature of the wood is completed
Premium red wines: After finnished alcoholic fermentation and skincontact, the wine will be filled in barrels for malolaktic fermentation.
Maturing: between 14 and 15°C and 80% air humidity