TODD HANNON, MLS  OREGON HEALTH & SCIENCE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY [email_address]  | 503.494.3474 Beyond Google Conducting a Li...
Why Where How Practice
Why Conduct  A Literature Search? <ul><li>Context…what we know vs. what we don’t know </li></ul><ul><li>Save time and avoi...
Consider This Before You Begin <ul><li>Literature searching involves two parts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discovering that a s...
Consider This Before You Begin <ul><li>Break down your research question into concepts. These will be the building blocks ...
Consider This Before You Begin <ul><li>With some research questions  PICO 1  may help identify concepts for your literatur...
Consider This Before You Begin <ul><li>Research Articles usually have the following sections: </li></ul><ul><li>Abstract: ...
Where to Look You won’t catch a tuna fish in a freshwater pond With literature, you have to be “fishing” in the right spot...
<ul><li>HEALTH DATABASES </li></ul>Where to Look
Health Databases <ul><li>PubMed (Top Pick)  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/   </li></ul><ul><li>Active Living Research...
<ul><li>NUTRITIONAL AND AGRICULTURAL DATABASES </li></ul>Where to Look
Nutritional and Agriculture Databases <ul><li>Agricola (Top Pick)  http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/   </li></ul><ul><li>Agric...
<ul><li>EDUCATION DATABASES </li></ul>Where to Look
Education Databases <ul><li>ERIC (Top Pick)  http://www.eric.ed.gov/   </li></ul><ul><li>Educator’s Reference Complete(Gal...
General Guidelines on How to Search <ul><li>If looking for multiple sources on a topic (search broadly) </li></ul><ul><li>...
Organizing What You Find http://www.zotero.org/   A free tool to help you  collect, organize, cite, and share  your resear...
Where to Go For Help <ul><li>Todd Hannon, MLS </li></ul><ul><li>OHSU Library </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><...
Time to Practice
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Creed lit search

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Presentation on Literature Searching given to Participants of CREED project

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Creed lit search

  1. 1. TODD HANNON, MLS OREGON HEALTH & SCIENCE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY [email_address] | 503.494.3474 Beyond Google Conducting a Literature Search
  2. 2. Why Where How Practice
  3. 3. Why Conduct A Literature Search? <ul><li>Context…what we know vs. what we don’t know </li></ul><ul><li>Save time and avoid reinventing the wheel </li></ul><ul><li>Help refine research question </li></ul><ul><li>Safety or risk avoidance </li></ul><ul><li>It’s fun </li></ul>
  4. 4. Consider This Before You Begin <ul><li>Literature searching involves two parts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discovering that a source exists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Determining where you can obtain the source once you’ve found it Public libraries will obtain articles for you at little to no cost through a service called interlibrary loan </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Consider This Before You Begin <ul><li>Break down your research question into concepts. These will be the building blocks of your search. </li></ul><ul><li>Question Do standing desks help reduce Body Mass Index among middle school children? </li></ul><ul><li>Concepts Standing desks , school furniture , body mass index, middle school, children, adolescents </li></ul>
  6. 6. Consider This Before You Begin <ul><li>With some research questions PICO 1 may help identify concepts for your literature search. </li></ul><ul><li>P=Population </li></ul><ul><li>I= Intervention </li></ul><ul><li>C= Comparison </li></ul><ul><li>O= Outcome Question Do standing desks help reduce Body Mass Index among middle school children? </li></ul><ul><li>P= middle school children I= standing desks C= traditional (seated) desks O= reduced Body Mass Index </li></ul><ul><li>1. Schardt C, Adams MB, Owens T, Keitz S, Fontelo P. Utilization of the PICO framework to improve searching PubMed for clinical questions. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak . 2007;7:16. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Consider This Before You Begin <ul><li>Research Articles usually have the following sections: </li></ul><ul><li>Abstract: A short summary of the study and its findings </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction: Provides background and rationale for doing the study </li></ul><ul><li>Methods: Describes how the research carried out the study </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion: Provides and assessment of possible meanings and implications </li></ul><ul><li>References: Citations to other sources upon which the study was based </li></ul>
  8. 8. Where to Look You won’t catch a tuna fish in a freshwater pond With literature, you have to be “fishing” in the right spot (database)
  9. 9. <ul><li>HEALTH DATABASES </li></ul>Where to Look
  10. 10. Health Databases <ul><li>PubMed (Top Pick) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/ </li></ul><ul><li>Active Living Research Literature Database https://www.activelivingresearch.org/litdb/papers.php?action=clearsearch&target=search </li></ul><ul><li>MedlinePlus http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/aboutmedlineplus.html </li></ul><ul><li>Nursing and Allied Health Collection (Gale)/Access: Local public library </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>NUTRITIONAL AND AGRICULTURAL DATABASES </li></ul>Where to Look
  12. 12. Nutritional and Agriculture Databases <ul><li>Agricola (Top Pick) http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/ </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture Collection (Gale) /Access: Local public library </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>EDUCATION DATABASES </li></ul>Where to Look
  14. 14. Education Databases <ul><li>ERIC (Top Pick) http://www.eric.ed.gov/ </li></ul><ul><li>Educator’s Reference Complete(Gale) /Access: Local public library </li></ul>
  15. 15. General Guidelines on How to Search <ul><li>If looking for multiple sources on a topic (search broadly) </li></ul><ul><li>If looking for one source (be specific) </li></ul><ul><li>If the database you are searching uses subject headings, descriptors or other controlled vocabulary try using it. In PubMed, these are called Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) </li></ul><ul><li>And/OR </li></ul>Child Abuse Child Abuse Child AND Abuse = Green Child OR Abuse = Yellow Or Green OR Blue You always get more with OR Use AND to narrow and OR to broaden
  16. 16. Organizing What You Find http://www.zotero.org/ A free tool to help you collect, organize, cite, and share your research sources. It lives right where you do your work—in the web browser itself. Placing your selected sources in an Excel spreadsheet or a word document is another option.
  17. 17. Where to Go For Help <ul><li>Todd Hannon, MLS </li></ul><ul><li>OHSU Library </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>503.494.3474 </li></ul>Your local public library can also help. Especially with obtaining articles for you. Ask about interlibrary loan services.
  18. 18. Time to Practice

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