The united kingdom_the_european_union


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The united kingdom_the_european_union

  1. 1. The United Kingdom & The European Union Hannah Douglas Summer 2010
  2. 2. EU History- Founding Fathers Altiero Spinelli Konrad Adenauer Sir Winston Churchill Alcide de Gasperi Walter Hallstein Jean Monnet Robert Schuman Paul Henri Spaak
  3. 3. EU History <ul><li>1950 Schuman Declaration </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The solidarity in production thus established will make it plain  </li></ul><ul><li>that any war between France and Germany becomes not  </li></ul><ul><li>merely unthinkable, but materially impossible.&quot;  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>-Robert Schuman, French Foreign Minister </li></ul><ul><li>1951 Coal & Steel Treaty </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>(Germany, France, Italy, The Netherlands, Belgium & Luxembourg) </li></ul>
  4. 4. EU History <ul><li>May 9 = Europe Day </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>1957 Treaty of Rome </li></ul><ul><li>The 6 founding member states  </li></ul><ul><li>create the European Economic  </li></ul><ul><li>Community (EEC). </li></ul><ul><li>1993 Maastrict Treaty </li></ul><ul><li>The European Union is formally created on November 1, 1993. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Current EU members <ul><li>There are 27 member states. Can you name them? </li></ul><ul><li>Play EU Members Game </li></ul>
  6. 6. Current EU members Video
  7. 7. UK Membership to EU <ul><li>1973 United Kingdom EU membership (EEC at the time) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>UK citizens embrace idea of EEC & Common Market membership </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;It is going to be a gradual development and obviously things are not going to happen overnight. But from the point of view of our everyday lives we will find there is a great cross-fertilisation of knowledge and information, not only in business but in every other sphere. And this will enable us to be more efficient and more competitive in gaining more markets not only in Europe but in the rest of the world.&quot;   </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>-Prime Minister Edward Heath </li></ul><ul><li>1963 & 1967 membership requests vetoed </li></ul>
  8. 8. EU Structure <ul><li>There are many moving parts to maintain the EU from day to day. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  9. 9. EU Structure <ul><li>High Representative for Foreign   </li></ul><ul><li>Affairs & Security Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Baroness Catherine Ashton - 5 year term, can be appointed more than once </li></ul><ul><li>Chosen by EU Member States' leaders and serves Council & Commission </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Presidency of European Union </li></ul><ul><li>Held by Member State, not an individual & rotates every 6 months with 3 EU Presidencies coordinating strategy for 18 months </li></ul>
  10. 10. UK Membership to EU <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>After membership, United Kingdom faces strikes. energy blackouts and the three day workingweek.  </li></ul><ul><li>EEC is blamed for these problems </li></ul>
  11. 11. Current UK/EU Relationship Does the EU drain UK resources and hold its economy back? UK is one of the largest contributors to EU funds Looking Beyond Europe British Foreign Secretary David Miliband suggests permitting countries outside of Europe as Member States
  12. 12. Current UK/ EU Relationship Should the UK part ways with the EU?
  13. 13. Future Outlook for UK/EU <ul><li>  Germany proposes changes to EU treaties </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;We won't make it without amendments to the existing treaties. I know many other countries are skeptical. That is why we will be having arguments back and forth.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>-Wolfgang Schauble, German Financial Minister </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  14. 14. Future Outlook for UK/EU <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Prime Minister David Cameron vetoes any transfer of powers from London to EU </li></ul><ul><li>UK does not intend to be part of &quot;eurozone&quot; countries </li></ul><ul><li>UK Single Digital Market </li></ul>
  15. 15. Works Cited <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>    </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>