FRONTIER CULTUREMUSEUM: FIELD STUDY by hanna heishman
ASSIMILATIONthe state of beingassimilated; people ofdifferent backgroundscome to seethemselves as part ofa larger national family Unseen in this picture, is the carpenter’s name inscribed onto the wood. This carpenter changed his name when he immigrated to America from Germany to sound more authentically American.
ACCULTURATIONNathan is displaying acculturation by using a warm hat that is not native to his culture. Deﬁnition: cultural modiﬁcation of an individual, group, or people by adapting to or borrowing traits from another culture
CULTURAL ADAPTATION Deﬁnition: Culture adaptation is the gradual changes within a culture or society that occur as people from diﬀerent backgrounds participate in the culture and share their perspectives and practices. These pictures are demonstrative of cultural adaptation because the Frontier Culture Museum needed mud to make their African houses, but sadly did not have this resource. Thus, they adapted and made a mud pit which enabled them to create the houses.
CULTURAL DIFFUSION Deﬁnition: Cultural diﬀusion is the mutual penetration of cultural traits and complexes from one society to another by touching them. The channels of cultural diﬀusion are migration, tourism, missionary activity, trade, warfare, scientiﬁc conferences, trade shows and trade fairs, exchange of students and professionals and other. These two coexisting cultures will learn from each other, and meld their culturalpractices for the most eﬃcient way of living
SEQUENT OCCUPANCEDeﬁnition: Thesucceeding stages ofhuman inhabitationover time on one site.Each stage is seen asbeing established byits predecessor,although the sequencewill almost certainlybe interrupted by What still remains of this structure shows that it wasoutside forces. previously a household with a ﬁreplace.
ADAPTIVE STRATEGIESThis family is adapting to their limited space by using all of their space eﬀectively - to the point that they have pigs in the front yard! Deﬁnition: The unique way in which each culture uses its particular physical environment; those aspects of culture that serve to provide the necessities of life - food, clothing, shelter, and defense
BUILT ENVIRONMENTThe term “built environment” refers to the human-made surroundings thatprovide the setting for human activity, ranging in scale from personal shelterand buildings to neighborhoods and cites, and can often include theirsupporting infrastructure, such as water supply or energy networks.
FOLK CULTURE Deﬁnition: Those cultural products and practices that have developed over time within a particular community or socially identiﬁable group, and that are communicated from generation to generation and amongst people who tend to be known to one another. Weaving was a proﬁtable past time in thishousehold, and it was common in their culture.
FOLK FOOD Deﬁnition: Regionally- speciﬁed foodsThese herbs represent folk-food because they are speciﬁcally found in unique localities.
FOLK HOUSE Deﬁnition: Regionally- appropriate housing.This is an example of folk-housing because it is constructed with materials that are found in the region, and are appropriate to the hot climate.
MATERIAL CULTURE A term used to describe the objects produced by human beings, including buildings, structures, monuments, tools, weapons, utensils, furniture, art, and indeed any physical item created by a society. As such, material culture is the main source of information about the past from which archaeologists can make inferences. A distinction is often made between those aspects of culture that appear as physical objects and those aspects that are non- material
POPULAR CULTURE Deﬁnition: cultural activities or commercial products reﬂecting, suited to, or aimed at the tastes of the general masses of people.This man’s clothing is for more than just utility - it is reﬂective of the culture he belongs to.
URBAN Deﬁnition: In, relating to, or characteristic of a city or town: "the urban population".This picture indicates a rural population being manipulated into an urban setting. “Urban” denotes “built up”
RURALDeﬁnition: In,relating to, orcharacteristic ofthe countrysiderather than thetown: "remoterural areas" This picture is indicative of a rural lifestyle. Rural lifestyles require individuals to raise their own food because of lack of proximity to places that could manufacture goods.
MIGRATION Deﬁnition: the movement of persons from one country or locality to another.The pins in the map represent the homeof individuals that migrated to Virginia.
POPULATION DENSITY Deﬁnition: Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is frequently applied to living organisms, andLimited space caused this family of four to have particularly to to use space eﬀectively - this bed doubles as a humans.bench. This is the eﬀect of crowded living that results from high population density.