Modern latin america


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Modern latin america

  1. 1. Modern Latin America Hannah Houze
  2. 2. Britain and Latin America <ul><li>In 1824, the position of Britain in Latin America was almost guarantied by the defeat of Spanish forces in Peru </li></ul><ul><li>The position was regarded as essential for economic development and political security </li></ul><ul><li>Unfortunately for Britain, with the First World War, the U.S. was able to gain control in Latin America </li></ul><ul><li>During the WWII, Latin America plunged far into debt, which reduced trade and therefore held little significance for the British </li></ul>
  3. 3. Wars of the 19 th Century <ul><li>Some of the most prominent reasons for war religion </li></ul><ul><li>The race war was between the whites, the mixed, and the full black people </li></ul><ul><li>Most wars of independence were against European super powers </li></ul><ul><li>The wars of conquest were (and still are in some places) against the native Indians in Latin America were race, independence, conquests, resources, and </li></ul><ul><li>The resource wars were performed over nitrate </li></ul><ul><li>Religion vs. anti religion compromised the religion wars, and included the catholic church </li></ul>
  4. 4. Americas <ul><li>Migration played a big part in Latin America </li></ul><ul><li>Most migration is from rural to urban areas, and is marked by growth and expansion in Latin America </li></ul><ul><li>The reason so many people wanted to move from rural areas is the land was not fertile and peasant production was down </li></ul><ul><li>People who moved to the city were squatters at first, but eventually were recognized and were able to send there children to school and were able to obtain basic work </li></ul><ul><li>However, because of rural to urban migration, cities swell and can become over populated </li></ul><ul><li>This is evident in the amount of jobs available for people migrating, which decline as the amount of people come into the city </li></ul>
  5. 5. Americas <ul><li>Because of the rapid decline of the economy due to over spending, the government assistance and services to cities dropped dramatically, causing the standard of living to drop </li></ul><ul><li>There are now maquilador factories which give about 500,000 jobs </li></ul><ul><li>However, they have low wages, tend to hire young women, and have poor working environments </li></ul><ul><li>But, people hold out the hope that the jobs the maquiladors provide will aid in kick starting a better life for the people in over populated areas </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Second World <ul><li>NAFTA in Mexico: hurt or help? </li></ul><ul><li>Because of NAFTA, Mexico has seen an increase of the export of cars, industrial parts, and electronics </li></ul><ul><li>However, because the annual economic growth is low, skeptics believe that NAFTA used an economic strategy to shun the “public sector's role in promoting growth” </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Second World <ul><li>In 2006, the Mexico city of Oaxaca underwent harsh conflict and inner-city violence </li></ul><ul><li>For example, teachers went on strike and APPO (popular assembly of the people of Oaxaca) was formed, which plunged the city into rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>Because of the civil unrest in the city of Oaxaca, many people were injured or killed </li></ul><ul><li>The violence did not stop until the arrest of Flavio Sosa, a figure head of APPO, and the investigation of murder committed by local forces of Oaxaca </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Second World <ul><li>It is stated that the reason there is political unrest in South America is because of economic problems and political instability </li></ul><ul><li>This is unfortunate because the politics that are under distress are causing the people of South America to suffer </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Second World <ul><li>Because of the unrest in Latin America, oil prices are going to remain high </li></ul><ul><li>America needs oil, and the places that have oil are in turmoil to say the least </li></ul><ul><li>Until these problems are solved, America is going to continue to have an oil issue </li></ul>
  10. 10. Latin American Authors <ul><li>There are many prominent and respected authors that have risen from Latin America </li></ul><ul><li>For example, the Argentinean, Jorge Luis Borges is regarded as the “most eminent Latin American author if any century” </li></ul><ul><li>Another author is Gabriel Garcia Marquez </li></ul><ul><li>He wrote Cien Anos de Soledad, which is “one of the most important works in world literature of the 20 th century” </li></ul><ul><li>There are many more authors from Latin America that have won awards, stunned critics, and captured the hearts of the readers </li></ul>
  11. 11. Latin American Celebrities <ul><li>There are many people who became famous not only in Latin America, but in the U.S. as well </li></ul><ul><li>For example, football (soccer) player Ivan Becerra was born in San Luis Potosi and is now a professional athlete and has stunned viewers and football fans alike with his all-star moves </li></ul><ul><li>Many people who are famous today came from other countries, Latin America included </li></ul>