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Comparative history

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  • 1. Comparative History Article Readings Hannah Houze
  • 2. Cultural Change in the Twenties
    • Because of the trauma and disappointment of WWI, Americans strived for a more conservative political lifestyle that didn’t dabble over seas
    • However, America also began to modernize in ways that gave way to a looser lifestyle, rather than the old Victorian values of before
  • 3. Cultural Change in the Twenties
    • Shorter skirts, cigarettes, and jazz were the gateway to the modern world
    • Mass production of automobiles and other things changed the working environment drastically
    • Some people however, were more conservative in their beliefs and values and did not appreciate the changes that were coming about
  • 4. Cultural Change in the Twenties
    • The tension between the looser crowd vs. the conservatives led to conflicts over immigration, race, and Prohibition
    • The popularity of jazz suggested that there was an alluring yet troubling view of “foreignness”
    • The image of the “Roaring Twenties” is one of leisure, expense, and beauty
    • The clubs, bars, and theaters were portrayed as almost palace like and there was a man to great you at your car and escort you to the door everywhere you went
  • 5. Cultural Change in the Twenties
    • Films that came out in the twenties were more “out there” so to speak than films before WWI. For example, women were more seductive and less concealed in the films
    • The films were more sexual, but most still held to the moral standards of resisting temptation
    • However, some films displayed women in a more loving, outward way that had not been portrayed before
  • 6. Cultural Change in the Twenties
    • Jazz, beginning with ragtime, became a popular favorite
    • Flapper girls became a main state in clubs and were the entertainment of the time
    • Because of prohibition, which occurred in 1919, speakeasies became popular
    • Speakeasies were hidden in places that fronted as other stores or abandoned building so as not to cause suspicion of alcohol use
  • 7. World War Two
    • Beginning in 1939 in Europe, WWII reached America in 1941
    • Because of the mobilization of war, the Great Depression ended
    • The Nazis tried to “purify” the world, but Ally success stopped them
    • This war also signified the crushing of American dreams of isolation, of not have to “deal” with overseas conflict
  • 8. World War Two
    • Unfortunately, it is believed that if America and Europe had stood up to the dictators in the 1930s, the war would not have happened
    • Roosevelt broke the trend of isolationism because he believed that if he did not intervene, the war would spread like a disease
    • However congress did not want to break the isolationist mold so easily
  • 9. World War Two
    • Roosevelt attempted a peace treaty, but it failed
    • Britain issued an ultimatum to Hitler, but he ignored it and invaded Poland in 1939
    • This caused Britain and France to declare war
    • Roosevelt pleaded with America to hold an open mind in spite their desire to remain neutral
  • 10. World War Two
    • In 1940, Winston Churchill came into office
    • In 1940, America agreed to aid the allies
    • In response to Britain’s request for aid Roosevelt said "The best immediate defense of the United States is the success of Great Britain in defending itself"
  • 11. World War Two
    • Because of the attack on Pearl Harbor, Americans rose behind the President in support of the war
    • American declared war on Japan, and on Hitler
    • Because of this, Churchill was ecstatic. After 19 months, America finally joined the fight

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