Comparative history


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Comparative history

  1. 1. Comparative History Article Readings Hannah Houze
  2. 2. Cultural Change in the Twenties <ul><li>Because of the trauma and disappointment of WWI, Americans strived for a more conservative political lifestyle that didn’t dabble over seas </li></ul><ul><li>However, America also began to modernize in ways that gave way to a looser lifestyle, rather than the old Victorian values of before </li></ul>
  3. 3. Cultural Change in the Twenties <ul><li>Shorter skirts, cigarettes, and jazz were the gateway to the modern world </li></ul><ul><li>Mass production of automobiles and other things changed the working environment drastically </li></ul><ul><li>Some people however, were more conservative in their beliefs and values and did not appreciate the changes that were coming about </li></ul>
  4. 4. Cultural Change in the Twenties <ul><li>The tension between the looser crowd vs. the conservatives led to conflicts over immigration, race, and Prohibition </li></ul><ul><li>The popularity of jazz suggested that there was an alluring yet troubling view of “foreignness” </li></ul><ul><li>The image of the “Roaring Twenties” is one of leisure, expense, and beauty </li></ul><ul><li>The clubs, bars, and theaters were portrayed as almost palace like and there was a man to great you at your car and escort you to the door everywhere you went </li></ul>
  5. 5. Cultural Change in the Twenties <ul><li>Films that came out in the twenties were more “out there” so to speak than films before WWI. For example, women were more seductive and less concealed in the films </li></ul><ul><li>The films were more sexual, but most still held to the moral standards of resisting temptation </li></ul><ul><li>However, some films displayed women in a more loving, outward way that had not been portrayed before </li></ul>
  6. 6. Cultural Change in the Twenties <ul><li>Jazz, beginning with ragtime, became a popular favorite </li></ul><ul><li>Flapper girls became a main state in clubs and were the entertainment of the time </li></ul><ul><li>Because of prohibition, which occurred in 1919, speakeasies became popular </li></ul><ul><li>Speakeasies were hidden in places that fronted as other stores or abandoned building so as not to cause suspicion of alcohol use </li></ul>
  7. 7. World War Two <ul><li>Beginning in 1939 in Europe, WWII reached America in 1941 </li></ul><ul><li>Because of the mobilization of war, the Great Depression ended </li></ul><ul><li>The Nazis tried to “purify” the world, but Ally success stopped them </li></ul><ul><li>This war also signified the crushing of American dreams of isolation, of not have to “deal” with overseas conflict </li></ul>
  8. 8. World War Two <ul><li>Unfortunately, it is believed that if America and Europe had stood up to the dictators in the 1930s, the war would not have happened </li></ul><ul><li>Roosevelt broke the trend of isolationism because he believed that if he did not intervene, the war would spread like a disease </li></ul><ul><li>However congress did not want to break the isolationist mold so easily </li></ul>
  9. 9. World War Two <ul><li>Roosevelt attempted a peace treaty, but it failed </li></ul><ul><li>Britain issued an ultimatum to Hitler, but he ignored it and invaded Poland in 1939 </li></ul><ul><li>This caused Britain and France to declare war </li></ul><ul><li>Roosevelt pleaded with America to hold an open mind in spite their desire to remain neutral </li></ul>
  10. 10. World War Two <ul><li>In 1940, Winston Churchill came into office </li></ul><ul><li>In 1940, America agreed to aid the allies </li></ul><ul><li>In response to Britain’s request for aid Roosevelt said &quot;The best immediate defense of the United States is the success of Great Britain in defending itself&quot; </li></ul>
  11. 11. World War Two <ul><li>Because of the attack on Pearl Harbor, Americans rose behind the President in support of the war </li></ul><ul><li>American declared war on Japan, and on Hitler </li></ul><ul><li>Because of this, Churchill was ecstatic. After 19 months, America finally joined the fight </li></ul>
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