American colonies


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American colonies

  1. 1. Album of the American Colonies Hannah Houze
  2. 2. <ul><li>The Africans that lived in Colonial America weren't there by choice. The majority were slaves that were brought from their hometown against their will </li></ul><ul><li>But there were some free Africans as well </li></ul><ul><li>Often, these free Africans were the offspring of a slave woman and her owner </li></ul><ul><li>But, there was also a significant amount of free or servant slaves who had relations with a white woman and produced free African-American children </li></ul><ul><li>Free Blacks in Colonial America. Wilson Quarterly, 03633276, Winter2005, Vol. 29, Issue 1 </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The Spanish played a huge role in Colonial America </li></ul><ul><li>They had control of parts of America, including South America </li></ul><ul><li>Even in these Spanish colonies, Native Americans were still part of the culture </li></ul><ul><li>In one example, a man named Diego Vasicuio lived in Spanish South America and he was a native priest. But, the Spanish didn’t like that he was a priest of a heathen religion. The Spanish were Catholic, and during the inquisition, Vasicuio stood trial for heresy </li></ul><ul><li>Struggle and Survival </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>In the book The Jesuit Relations , it talks about how a Jesuit missions program employs a young Portuguese man named Frances Xavier </li></ul><ul><li>He traveled to India, China, and Japan on is escapade of baptizing converts </li></ul><ul><li>He died a martyr </li></ul><ul><li>His story is interesting to me, because he was a Portuguese man who ended up dying for the Jesuit cause </li></ul><ul><li>The Jesuit Relations </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>In the book The American Colonies, it talks about the French and how they fit into Colonial America </li></ul><ul><li>The French were Colonial Britain’s main rival. One of the reasons for this was the French often seemed less intimidating, and therefore the French were more easily able to recruit them </li></ul><ul><li>The French founded a new colony, Louisiana, in the later part of the 17 th century. Louisiana became the biggest rival for British Carolina when the Spanish power diminished in Florida </li></ul><ul><li>American Colonies </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>When the Dutch colony was joined by New Netherland,they extended religious toleration </li></ul><ul><li>Because of this tolerance,New Netherland was the melting pot of North America </li></ul><ul><li>But, the Dutch were a minority in their own colony </li></ul><ul><li>Even though the Dutch colony was in a good location and was quite tolerant, they could not compete with the English neighbors </li></ul>
  7. 7. Dutch Continued <ul><li>The English and the Dutch became bitter rivals </li></ul><ul><li>To combat Dutch success in naval power, the English developed the Navigation Acts </li></ul><ul><li>This caused the Dutch to no longer be able to trade with English colonies; only the English could </li></ul><ul><li>The Dutch went to war against the English enforcement of the Navigation Act three times, but failed to change the policy </li></ul><ul><li>English and Dutch went to war, and unprepared for this battle, the Dutch signed a peace treaty in 1667 </li></ul><ul><li>American Colonies </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Contrary to original beliefs, the Native Americans had a very complex history, and the people were changing and adapting </li></ul><ul><li>Archeologists have discovered that the Natives have fossils remains show that they are homogenous </li></ul><ul><li>Researchers believe that the first natives migrated from Siberia </li></ul><ul><li>This is backed up by the fact of Alaska being so close to Siberia, offering passage </li></ul>
  9. 9. Natives Continued <ul><li>Scholars also believe that the natives came down to North America in pursuit of herds </li></ul><ul><li>They believe that during an ice-age twelve thousand years ago, the water created a frozen land bridge for the natives to cross from Siberia to Alaska </li></ul><ul><li>American Colonies </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>In New England, a different kind of colonist emerged </li></ul><ul><li>These colonists were not poor like their Chesapeake counterparts. The New England colonist were more middle class, and could afford passage to America </li></ul><ul><li>These colonists had Puritan values, which helped them prosper in a “demanding land” </li></ul>
  11. 11. English Continued <ul><li>In England, there were many workers but poor and expensive land. In New England, it was the opposite </li></ul><ul><li>Also, in England there was not enough jobs for too many people. Again, it was just the opposite in New England </li></ul><ul><li>American Colonies </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>American Colonies </li></ul><ul><li>The Jesuit Relations </li></ul><ul><li>Struggle and Survival </li></ul><ul><li>Free Blacks in Colonial America. Wilson Quarterly, 03633276, Winter2005, Vol. 29, Issue 1 </li></ul>