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organelles

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    organelles organelles Presentation Transcript

    • Organelles Jeremy DiGiovanni Rogan Lye Britni Macry Jacob Hetherly Hannah Coley
    • Ce nt r i ol e A ce ntrio le is a barre l shape d o rgane lle fo und in mo st e ukaryo tic ce lls, The w alls o f e ach ce ntrio le are co m po se d o f nine triple ts o f micro tubule s. An asso ciate d pair o f ce ntrio le s, arrange d pe rpe ndicularly, cre ate s the co mpo und structure kno w n as the ce ntro so me .
    • Ce l l Wa l l •C e l l w a l ls a r e r i g i d s t r u c t ur e s f o u nd s u rr o u nd i n g t h e p l an t c e ll s . T h ey a l so
    • Ch l or opl a s t •C h l oropl a s t p r o vi de s e n e rgy f r o m th e s u n in t i n y e n e rgy f a c tori e s . The y u s e p h otosyn
    • Ci l i a •T h e y are t i n y p r o t uber a n c e s on s i n g le- c e l l o r g a ni sm s . Wa v e l i k e h a i rs t h a t m o v e the
    • Cy t opl a s m •J e l l y- l i k e m a t e ri al t h a t i s m a d e o f m o s t ly w a t e r. I t f il ls t h e c e ll. M o st of t h e t i me
    • Cy t os k e l e t on •A c e llular s k eleton c o ntai ne d , w i thi n t h e c y top las m . I t i s in a l l e u kar yot
    • Flagella •A s tr u c t ur e u s e d b y m a n y s in g l e - c el l e d o rg a n i sm s t o m ov e t hr o ugh a l i qui d m ed i u m. T he r e
    • Go l g i Appa r a t us •A cell s truct ur e that i s d evote d t o p roces si n g the p rotei ns t hat a re i n the e ndopl as
    • L y s o s o me •T h e c e ll’ s d e mo l iti o n cr e w. I t b r eak s d o wn l a rge r o r gan ell e s wh en n e ces sar y , an d
    • Mi c r o f i l a me n t •t he t hi nn e s t f ilam e n t s of t h e c ytos k e l e ton f ound in t he c ytop l a s m of a l l e ukar y o t i c ce l l s
    • Mi c r o t u b u l e •A n y of t h e p r o tei na c e o us c y l i ndri c a l h o l low s t r uctur e s that a r e d i stribu t e d t h rougho
    • Mi t o c h o n d r i a •A s p herical o r e long a ted o rgan e lle i n th e c ytop l asm o f ne a rly a ll e ukar y o ti c cel l s , c onta i n in g gen e t ic m ater i a l
    • Nu c l e u s   The n ucle us i s th e b rain of e ukar yot i c c ells . I t is o nly p rese nt i n e ukar yot i c ce lls
    • Nu c l e o l u s T h e nuc l eolu s i s rou g h ly sph e r ica l, a n d app e a rs as a ma s s o f den s el y sta i ne d gra n ul es
    • P l a s ma Me mb r a n e The s e mi p e r me abl e me mb r ane that enclo ses the cytop las m of a cell.
    • Pl asti d •P l asti ds a r e m a j or o r ganell e s found i n p l a nts a n d a l g ae. T h e p r i ma r y f u n cti on
    • Ri b o s o me s •T h e p r o t ein s y n t hesi z i n g m a c h i nes o f t he c el l . T he y t ra n slat e t h e i nf o r ma t i on
    • Rough E n d o p l a s mi c R e t i c • uT hl e u m f u ncti on o f the r o ugh e . r. is t o s y nth esi z e a nd e x por t p r ote i ns a n d g l yco pro
    • S mo o t h E n d o p l a s mi c R e t i c • uT hl e u m s m ooth e n doplasm i c r e ti culum s y nthesi z e s m e m b rane p h o s pholi p i d s w h i c h go i n w a rd f r o m the e n d o plasm
    • Va c uol e •v a c uo les a r e f lui d f i l le d s a c s •s u r ro unde d b y a s i n gl e m e m br ane. T h e y play r o l es in i n t ra cell u l a r d i g es ti on a n d