RENAISSANCE Prepared to:Mam Augusta Rosario A. Villamater Prepared by: Hannah May Rosales
From 15th century:•Malatestiana library was founded by MalatestaNovello• The Papal collections were brought together by Pope Nicholas V.•libraries of humanist and their enlightened patronsprovided a nucleus around which an "academy" ofscholars congregated in each Italian city ofconsequence.
In the 16th and 17th century:•Sixtus V bisected Bramantes Cortile del Belvedere with across-wing to house the Apostolic Library in suitablemagnificence.• the Vallicelliana, formed from the books of Saint FilippoNeri, with other distinguished libraries such as that ofCesare Baronio• the Biblioteca Angelica founded by the AugustinianAngelo Rocca, which was the only truly public library inCounter-Reformation Rome• the Biblioteca Alessandrina which Pope Alexander VII endowed the University of Rome; the BibliotecaCasanatense of the Cardinal Girolamo Casanate; andfinally the Biblioteca Corsiniana founded by thebibliophile Clement XII Corsini
From 17th century and 18th century: (golden age oflibraries)Important libraries were founded such as:•Bodleian Library at Oxford•the British Museum Library in London•the Mazarine Library and the Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève in Paris•Austrian National Library in Vienna, the NationalCentral Library in Florence, the Prussian State Libraryin Berlin, the Załuski Library in Warsaw and the M.E.Saltykov-Shchedrin State Public Library of StPetersburg
National Libraries• serves as national repository of information• rarely allow citizens to borrow booksResearch Libraries• contains an in-depth collection of material on one ormore subjects• supports scholarly research• most often an academic or national library• can be either reference library, which does not lendits holdings or a lending library, which does lend all orsome of its holdings.
Reference Libraries• does not lend books and other items; instead, theymust be read at the library itself.• historical and uniqueExamples of reference libraries:1. British Library in London2. Bodleian Library at Oxford UniversityReference sections may be referred to as“reading rooms” which may also include newspapers and periodicals
Radical Reference Libraries• libraries that are committed to social justice.• committed to ensuring that activists and reporters hadto access to information they might need.Year 2004 - the first Radical Reference library wascreated for the Republican ConventionPublic or public lending library• provides a service to the general public and makes atleast some of its books available for borrowing• serves as community organizations that provide freeservices and events to the public, such as reading groupsand toddler story time.
The American Library Association - continues to play amajor role in libraries to this day, with its public libraryfocused divisionStack system - which involved keeping a library’scollection of books in a space separate from the readingroomAcademic Libraries• to provide resources and research support for studentsand faculty of the educational institution• generally located on the campuses of colleges anduniversities and serve primarily the students and facultyof that and other academic institutions• hosted in post-secondary educational institutions,such as colleges and universities.
• provides a quiet study space for students on campus; itmay also provide group study space, such as meetingrooms.Children’s Libraries• special collections of books intended for juvenilereaders and usually kept in separate rooms of generalpublic libraries.• educational agency seeking to acquaint the young withthe world’s literature and to cultivate a love for reading.Popular programs offered in public libraries are:Summer reading programs for children, families andadults
Special Libraries• may or may not be accessible to some identified partof the general life.• distinguished from special collections, which arebranches or parts of a library intended for rare books,manuscripts, and other special materials.• branches of a large academic or research librariesdealing with particular subjects.