Ethics
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Ethics Ethics Presentation Transcript

  • The meaning of ‘Ethics’ Ethics is a theory or the branch of knowledge that deals with moral principles. It is an area of study that deals with ideas about what is right and what is wrong. ITGS By Nurul Hanim Hussein Shah
  • Nurul Hanim Binti Hussein Shah Main types of ethics: ITGS
  • Nurul Hanim Binti Hussein Shah Reliability and Integrity ITGS Reliability refers to how well a computer system works: if it functions as intended, or fails and crashes. Integrity refers to the correctness of data. For example, airports require back up systems if system fails as it would cause a catastrophe. Hospitals require integrity data to be inputted to a patients record as human error could occur. Potential hacking which can alter data to be something it is not.
  • Nurul Hanim Binti Hussein Shah Social Impacts: ITGS An example of social impacts in ‘Reliability and Integrity’ is: From the articles about medical mistakes, it tells us that we know that the stakeholders for this issue is the doctors and staffs in the hospital who is controlling the technology allowing to make medical errors which affects the patients health in that particular hospitals. Advantages: http://freakngenius.com/v/c2gXV Disadvantage: http://freakngenius.com/v/n2hns A way to solve this issue from appearing again, the stakeholders must propose a way to develop a more reliable and efficient technology for their product, which is their database to avoid medical errors.
  • Nurul Hanim Binti Hussein Shah ITGS Ethical Issues: An example of ethical issues in ‘Reliability and Integrity’ is: From the articles about apple product jailbreaks, it tells us that we know that the stakeholders for this issue is the evad3rs team in the planetbeing profile. According to some of the laws that has applied to this scenario is that jailbreaks are illegal and that it is considered a crime in some countries such as Canada the Canadian Copyright Act. A way to solve this issue from appearing again is that the stakeholders, the apple company, should propose a way to develop a more reliable IT system for their products, which is efficient for the users from all over the world to use it. Unfortunately, there can be consequences to these decisions which is having difficulties and problems with their IT system so they have to do it step by step to assure that their IT system works properly.
  • Nurul Hanim Binti Hussein Shah ITGS Authenticity Authenticity involves a user providing their identity to gain access to a computer system. For example, username and Password, Biometric authentications and finger prints.
  • Nurul Hanim Binti Hussein Shah Social Impacts: ITGS An example of social impacts in ‘Authenticity’ is: From the articles about security token and smart card authentication, it tells us that we know that the stakeholders for this issue is the users of the token/smart card which are the employees of the company so they have the right identities to the right people. Advantages: http://iyak.it/v/M2hp6 Disadvantage: http://iyak.it/v/B2hp7 A way to solve this issue is that the records should be kept of employees who received a token, and a verification process should be implemented to ensure that each specific token is being given to the proper employee.
  • Nurul Hanim Binti Hussein Shah ITGS Ethical Issues: An example of ethical issues in ‘Authenticity’ is: From the articles about, ethical issues of data reporting and the quest for authenticity is that the people who are responsible are the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine Code of Conduct and American College of Emergency Physicians Code of Ethics because of how they need to do an accurate scientific research on how to improve the authentication of the people all over the world more efficiently. According to the policies, Authenticity is important in our life so our datas are kept safe and secure. Unfortunately, some people these days can hack into your profile by stealing your identity. A way to solve this, the government needs to provide a high secure IT system, so that it is hard for people to get into account. Therefore, the consequences of this solution is that it might cause people’s life by causing them to be threatened for their identities.
  • Nurul Hanim Binti Hussein Shah ITGS People and Machines People and Machines concerns the way that humans interact with IT. For example, Many people trust computers intrinsically, and this has consequences when they fail.
  • Nurul Hanim Binti Hussein Shah Social Impacts: ITGS An example of social impacts in ‘People and Machines’ is: From the documentary about Medical robot, the stakeholders for this impact is the builders because of how they are involved in building this technologies and making sure that they are being used properly and correctly. Advantages: The advantage of this that the IT system works more efficiently and prevents from human-errors to a appear. Disadvantage: The disadvantage is that it needs to work in a safer and suitable environment so it doesn’t get distracted to other environments such as a busy and crowded environment. A way to solve this issue is that they just have to keep the IT system in a well-secured and safe environment.
  • Nurul Hanim Binti Hussein Shah ITGS Ethical Issues: An example of ethical issues in ‘People and Machines’ is: From the articles about ergonomics is that it tells us that the people who are responsible for this issue are the builders and the people who might be affected by this issue are the users of the IT system. There are laws to this issue which is that people needs to know how the system works. Therefore to prevent the issue of the way of how people connect with the machine is that they need to have full knowledge on how they have to use the IT system correctly. The consequence of this decision that some people might have a hard time catching up to things.
  • Nurul Hanim Binti Hussein Shah ITGS Digital Citizenship Digital citizenship involves being a good citizen in a digital world. For example, using websites and social networking sites correctly and safely according to the given policies.
  • Nurul Hanim Binti Hussein Shah Social Impacts: ITGS An example of social impacts in ‘Digital Citizenship’ is: In the article about ‘Being a good digital citizen includes both rights and responsibilities’ tells us that the stakeholders of this article are the users of the social networking websites since they need to know how to communicate with people correctly. Advantages: The advantage of this is that people who are using the website and social networking can communicate easily and safely with other users when they are following the rules. Disadvantage: The disadvantage is that some people might ignore these rules and causing cyber bullying to occur and this may affect the victim of cyber-bullying’s health. A way to solve this problem is that government should take advantage to prevent this issue from occurring in a daily basis.
  • Nurul Hanim Binti Hussein Shah ITGS Ethical Issues: An example of ethical issues in ‘Digital Citizenship’ is: From this article, it tells us that the people who are responsible in this issue are the creator of social networking sites and the one who is affected by it are the social networkers and users of this IT system. The law for this issue is that it needs to be used correctly. Unfortunately, Twitter have played a role in the organization of the protests, it (along with Facebook) was widely used as a communication tool by the opposition. Although the Islamic republic’s government also tried to enforce a ban against foreign media coverage of the uprising, dissident supporters and journalists kicked its censorship decree in the proverbial nards. Digital citizens everywhere took to the virtual streets, protecting the anonymity of Iran’s in-country news sources while spreading real-time information across every channel possible. To avoid this from occurring, social networkers need to be aware of the way that socialize in public.