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Contribution of biomedical engineers to healthcare development

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  • 1. Prepared By: Eng. Hani Mahmoud M. Bu-Omer
  • 2.  What’s Biomedical Engineering !  Branches of Biomedical Engineering  What does a Biomedical Engineer Do?  Careers in Biomedical Engineering  FDA Medical Equipment Classifications  Simple Medical Equipment Classifications  Diagnostic Equipment ▪ Medical Imaging ▪ Medical Imaging:Applications ▪ Hematology ▪ Cardiovascular  Monitoring Equipment  Therapeutic Equipment ▪ Hemodialysis Machine ▪ Radiotherapy ▪ Rehabilitation
  • 3.  Integrating physical, chemical, mathematical and computational sciences and engineering principles to solve medical and health related problems.
  • 4.  Also known as:  Biotechnical Engineering  Bioengineering  Biomechanical Engineering  Bioelectrical Engineering  Biocomputing
  • 5.  What’s Biomedical Engineering !  Branches of Biomedical Engineering  What does a Biomedical Engineer Do?  Careers in Biomedical Engineering  FDA Medical Equipment Classifications  Simple Medical Equipment Classifications  Diagnostic Equipment ▪ Medical Imaging ▪ Medical Imaging:Applications ▪ Hematology ▪ Cardiovascular  Monitoring Equipment  Therapeutic Equipment ▪ Hemodialysis Machine ▪ Radiotherapy ▪ Rehabilitation
  • 6.  Bioinstrumentation  Deals with principles and problems associated with making measurements in living systems.  Biomaterials  Design and development of new materials (natural and/or synthetic) to be used as tissue, organ, etc
  • 7.  Biomechanics  The study of the structure and function of biological systems such as humans, animals, plants, organs, and cells by means of the methods of mechanics.
  • 8.  Clinical engineering  Deals with managing diagnostic and lab equipment in hospitals.  Rehabilitation engineering  Deals with disabled individuals to achieve better standard of life by designing or modifying new equipment for them.  (e.g. prosthetic limb)
  • 9.  Biosignals  Use of data to uncover the mechanisms of biomedical signals.  Biosystems  Identify and characterise molecules and cells and understand their function in tissues.
  • 10.  What’s Biomedical Engineering !  Branches of Biomedical Engineering  What does a Biomedical Engineer do?  Careers in Biomedical Engineering  FDA Medical Equipment Classifications  Simple Medical Equipment Classifications  Diagnostic Equipment ▪ Medical Imaging ▪ Medical Imaging:Applications ▪ Hematology ▪ Cardiovascular  Monitoring Equipment  Therapeutic Equipment ▪ Hemodialysis Machine ▪ Radiotherapy ▪ Rehabilitation
  • 11.  Uses math, physics and engineering expertise to analyze and solve problems in biology and medicine.  Works with other healthcare professionals including physicians, nurses, therapists and technicians.
  • 12.  What’s Biomedical Engineering !  Branches of Biomedical Engineering  What does a Biomedical Engineer Do?  Careers in Biomedical Engineering  FDA Medical Equipment Classifications  Simple Medical Equipment Classifications  Diagnostic Equipment ▪ Medical Imaging ▪ Medical Imaging:Applications ▪ Hematology ▪ Cardiovascular  Monitoring Equipment  Therapeutic Equipment ▪ Hemodialysis Machine ▪ Radiotherapy ▪ Rehabilitation
  • 13.  Medical Equipment companies – Research and Development – Manufacturing Engineering – Quality Assurance – Marketing/Sales  Private testing laboratories – ECRI
  • 14.  Government  Research Laboratories  Regulatory Agencies  Public Health Service  Hospitals  Clinical Engineering  Laboratory Manager (Catheter, Radiology, etc.)
  • 15.  Consulting  Healthcare consulting  Design  Academia  Research  Teaching
  • 16.  What’s Biomedical Engineering !  Branches of Biomedical Engineering  What does a Biomedical Engineer Do?  Careers in Biomedical Engineering  FDA Medical Equipment Classifications  Simple Medical Equipment Classifications  Diagnostic Equipment ▪ Medical Imaging ▪ Medical Imaging:Applications ▪ Hematology ▪ Cardiovascular  Monitoring Equipment  Therapeutic Equipment ▪ Hemodialysis Machine ▪ Radiotherapy ▪ Rehabilitation
  • 17.  Anesthesiology  Cardiovascular  Clinical Chemistry andToxicology  Dental  Ear, Nose, andThroat  Gastroenterology  General and Plastic Surgery  General Hospital and Personal Use  Hematology and Pathology  Immunology and Microbiology  Neurology  Obstetrical and Gynecological  Ophthalmic  Orthopedic  Physical Medicine  Radiology
  • 18.  What’s Biomedical Engineering !  Branches of Biomedical Engineering  What does a Biomedical Engineer Do?  Careers in Biomedical Engineering  FDA Medical Equipment Classifications  Simple Medical Equipment Classifications  Diagnostic Equipment ▪ Medical Imaging ▪ Medical Imaging:Applications ▪ Hematology ▪ Cardiovascular  Monitoring Equipment  Therapeutic Equipment ▪ Hemodialysis Machine ▪ Radiotherapy ▪ Rehabilitation
  • 19. Diagnostic Equipment Monitoring Equipment Therapeutic Equipment
  • 20.  What’s Biomedical Engineering !  Branches of Biomedical Engineering  What does a Biomedical Engineer Do?  Careers in Biomedical Engineering  FDA Medical Equipment Classifications  Simple Medical Equipment Classifications  Diagnostic Equipment ▪ Medical Imaging ▪ Medical Imaging:Applications ▪ Hematology ▪ Cardiovascular  Monitoring Equipment  Therapeutic Equipment ▪ Hemodialysis Machine ▪ Radiotherapy
  • 21.  Diagnostic Equipment  Medical Imaging ▪ X-Ray ▪ ComputedTomography (CT) ▪ Ultrasound Imaging ▪ Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • 22.  Diagnostic Equipment  Medical Imaging ▪ X-Ray and ComputedTomography (CT)
  • 23.  Diagnostic Equipment  Medical Imaging ▪ Ultrasound Imaging
  • 24.  Diagnostic Equipment  Medical Imaging ▪ Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • 25.  What’s Biomedical Engineering !  Branches of Biomedical Engineering  What does a Biomedical Engineer Do?  Careers in Biomedical Engineering  FDA Medical Equipment Classifications  Simple Medical Equipment Classifications  Diagnostic Equipment ▪ Medical Imaging ▪ Medical Imaging: Applications ▪ Hematology ▪ Cardiovascular  Monitoring Equipment  Therapeutic Equipment ▪ Hemodialysis Machine ▪ Radiotherapy ▪ Rehabilitation
  • 26.  Imaging of Anatomy  How internal organs look like  Imaging of Flow  How blood vessels are doing
  • 27.  Imaging of Function  How physiology is doing  Image Guided Interventions  Operation prepared or done using imaging
  • 28.  What’s Biomedical Engineering !  Branches of Biomedical Engineering  What does a Biomedical Engineer Do?  Careers in Biomedical Engineering  FDA Medical Equipment Classifications  Simple Medical Equipment Classifications  Diagnostic Equipment ▪ Medical Imaging ▪ Medical Imaging:Applications ▪ Hematology ▪ Cardiovascular  Monitoring Equipment  Therapeutic Equipment ▪ Hemodialysis Machine ▪ Radiotherapy ▪ Rehabilitation
  • 29.  Diagnostic Equipment  Hematology ▪ Complete Blood Counter (CBC) ▪ Spectrophotometer ▪ RBCs, WBCs, Blood Sugar, etc.
  • 30.  What’s Biomedical Engineering !  Branches of Biomedical Engineering  What does a Biomedical Engineer Do?  Careers in Biomedical Engineering  FDA Medical Equipment Classifications  Simple Medical Equipment Classifications  Diagnostic Equipment ▪ Medical Imaging ▪ Medical Imaging:Applications ▪ Hematology ▪ Cardiovascular  Monitoring Equipment  Therapeutic Equipment ▪ Hemodialysis Machine ▪ Radiotherapy ▪ Rehabilitation
  • 31.  Diagnostic Equipment  Cardiovascular ▪ ECG
  • 32.  What’s Biomedical Engineering !  Branches of Biomedical Engineering  What does a Biomedical Engineer Do?  Careers in Biomedical Engineering  FDA Medical Equipment Classifications  Simple Medical Equipment Classifications  Diagnostic Equipment ▪ Medical Imaging ▪ Medical Imaging:Applications ▪ Hematology ▪ Cardiovascular  Monitoring Equipment  Therapeutic Equipment ▪ Hemodialysis Machine ▪ Radiotherapy ▪ Rehabilitation
  • 33.  Monitoring Equipment  Patient Monitor ▪ ECG ▪ Temperature ▪ Respiration ▪ SPO2 ▪ Invasive and Noninvasive Blood Pressure ▪ ETCO2
  • 34.  What’s Biomedical Engineering !  Branches of Biomedical Engineering  What does a Biomedical Engineer Do?  Careers in Biomedical Engineering  FDA Medical Equipment Classifications  Simple Medical Equipment Classifications  Diagnostic Equipment ▪ Medical Imaging ▪ Medical Imaging:Applications ▪ Hematology ▪ Cardiovascular  Monitoring Equipment  Therapeutic Equipment ▪ Hemodialysis Machine ▪ Radiotherapy ▪ Rehabilitation
  • 35.  Therapeutic Equipment  Hemodialysis Machine ▪ to remove wastes, toxins and fluids from the blood when the kidneys have failed.
  • 36.  What’s Biomedical Engineering !  Branches of Biomedical Engineering  What does a Biomedical Engineer Do?  Careers in Biomedical Engineering  FDA Medical Equipment Classifications  Simple Medical Equipment Classifications  Diagnostic Equipment ▪ Medical Imaging ▪ Medical Imaging:Applications ▪ Hematology ▪ Cardiovascular  Monitoring Equipment  Therapeutic Equipment ▪ Hemodialysis Machine ▪ Radiotherapy ▪ Rehabilitation
  • 37.  Therapeutic Equipment  Radiotherapy ▪ used to treat cancers in conjunction with surgery and chemotherapy ▪ Usually considered as palliative medicine
  • 38.  What’s Biomedical Engineering !  Branches of Biomedical Engineering  What does a Biomedical Engineer Do?  Careers in Biomedical Engineering  FDA Medical Equipment Classifications  Simple Medical Equipment Classifications  Diagnostic Equipment ▪ Medical Imaging ▪ Medical Imaging:Applications ▪ Hematology ▪ Cardiovascular  Monitoring Equipment  Therapeutic Equipment ▪ Hemodialysis Machine ▪ Radiotherapy ▪ Rehabilitation
  • 39.  Therapeutic Equipment  Rehabilitation

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