Area of Study 3: Tango


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Area of Study 3: Tango

  1. 1. Tango<br />Area of Study 3 (Dance Music):<br />
  2. 2. Listening 2- Duo de Amor<br />Listening 1- El Tango de Roxanne<br />Which instrument plays the introduction?<br />What instruments do you hear?<br />How many beats in the bar?<br />Does the tempo stay the same?<br />What do you hear in the bass line?<br />What instrument plays the bass line?<br />Introduction to Tango<br />Listening 4 - Yoyoverde<br />Listening 3 – Cell block Tango<br />Describe the rhythm in the opening section.<br />What role do the voices have?<br />What language is the voice in?<br />Is the bass line repetitive?<br />
  3. 3. Origins<br />Buenos Aires, Argentina, late 19th Century<br />Product of large, cosmopolitan city <br />African slaves brought to Argentina to work since 1588 – their music and dance was a strong part in the development of the tango<br />Combined with dances from Europe and Cuba which originated in the poorer slums on the outskirts of Buenos Aires<br />
  4. 4. Developments <br />Tango became popular throughout the city<br />Early 1900s – was introduced to Paris<br />By 1913 it had overtaken London and New York as well<br />Acceptance of the dance by the upper classes <br />Source of national pride for Argentina<br />
  5. 5. Developments continued…<br />Argentine tango became popular in Europe and the USA- the dancers standardised movements to dance competitively, thus creating the distinct style of ballroom tango<br />In Argentina, tango continued to evolve: tango nuevo began to include aspects of jazz and classical music, incorporating new instruments such as electric guitar and saxophone.<br />Later – electronic music entered tango – samples, loops etc<br />
  6. 6. Composers of tango music<br />Roberto Firpowas one of the first composers of tango music. He brought the romantic feel to the style. His tango orchestra was the first to play G.M. Rodriguez’s La Cumparsita<br />Francisco Canarowas another early composer of tango music, but he was better known as a bandleader of a highly successful tango orchestra<br />
  7. 7. Composers continued<br />Astor Piazzolla– one of the most famous tango composers. From the 1950s he greatly transformed the traditional style of tango- main contributor to the style of tango nuevo<br />His Libertango has been arranged by many musicians<br />
  8. 8. Dance Moves – a sensual dance<br />Partners in a close embrace (similar to waltz but the woman does not lean away from the man so much)<br />Walking- “stalking” character to the steps<br />Quicker sharper movements than waltz – reflects the music<br />Upper body remains largely upright whilst most movements come from the dancers’ legs<br />Women – fast kicks, steps and moves than intertwine with her partner’s legs<br />
  9. 9. Musical Characteristics<br />2/4 or 4/4 time<br />Dotted rhythms and syncopation<br />
  10. 10. Musical characteristics<br />Rhythms are accented, short, sharp notes. Reflects the movements,<br />Minor Key – often jazz harmonies<br />Moderate tempo, c.120 beats per minute<br />Regular phrase lengths<br />Bandoneón (similar to accordian), violin, piano and bass = orquestratipica<br />Now often different instruments but often strong string presence<br />