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Other Individuals
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Other Individuals

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  • 1. Other Individuals
  • 2. Charles Francis Adams
    • Member of the prominent Adams family
    • 3. American Minister in London during the Civil War
    • 4. kept the Trent Affair from getting out of hand
  • Susan Brownell Anthony
    • Played pivotal role in women’s rights movement to introduce women suffrage into the U.S.
    • 5. Traveled the U.S. and Europe
    • 6. Gave 75 to 100 speeches every year on women’s rights for 45 years
  • Samuel Bland Arnold
    • involved in the plot to kidnap Lincoln
    • 7. pardoned in 1869 by Andrew Johnson
  • George Andreas Atzerodt
    • conspirator with John Wilkes Booth
    • 8. executed by hanging
  • Clarissa “Clara” Barton
    • pioneer American teacher, nurse, and humanitarian
    • 9. “strong and independent spirit”
    • 10. organized the American Red Cross
  • Isabella Baumfree
    • Sojourner Truth
    • 11. abolitionist
    • 12. women’s rights activist
    • 13. best-known speech, Ain’t I a Woman?
  • John Bell
    • “The Great Apostate”
    • 14. TN politician
    • 15. attorney
    • 16. plantation owner
    • 17. served in both House of Representatives and Senate
    • 18. 1860 Constitutional Union party candidate
  • Judah Phillip Benjamin
    • politician
    • 19. lawyer
    • 20. born a British subject in the West Indies
    • 21. became a citizen of the U.S.
    • 22. and then became a citizen of the C.S.A
  • Francis Preston Blair, Sr.
    • journalist
    • 23. politician
    • 24. helped organize the new Republican Party
    • 25. influential in securing the 1856 nomination for John C. Fremont
    • 26. supported the 1860 nomination of Lincoln
    • 27. told his slaves that “they could go if they wished”; all but one left
  • Francis Preston Blair, Jr.
    • politician
    • 28. Union Army general
    • 29. MO representative in both the House of Representatives and the Senate
    • 30. Democratic Party’s nominee for VP in 1868
  • Montgomery Blair
    • brother of Francis Preston Blair, Jr.
    • 31. MD politician and lawyer
    • 32. loyal member of Abraham Lincoln’s cabinet
    • 33. hot-tempered
    • 34. launched an all-out attack against Republican liberals
  • John Wilkes Booth
    • stage actor
    • 35. assassinated Lincoln at Ford’s Theatre, Washington D.C on Apr 14, 1865
    • 36. planned to kill Pres. Lincoln, VP Andrew Johnson, Secretary of State William Seward to help Confederate cause
    • 37. tracked and killed by Union soldiers
  • Sherman Miller Booth
    • abolitionist leader
    • 38. editor
    • 39. Wisconsin politician
    • 40. arrested for violating the Fugitive Slave Act by setting free Joshua Glover, a MO runaway slave, from prison
    • 41. appealed to the Wisconsin Supreme Court which ruled the 1850 federal law unconstitutional
  • John Brown
    • abolitionist
    • 42. folk hero
    • 43. leader of 1856 Pottawatomie Massacre in Bleeding Kansas
    • 44. raided Harpers Ferry in 1859
  • John Cabell Breckinridge
    • lawyer and politician
    • 45. KY Representative and KY Senator
    • 46. youngest VP at age 36
    • 47. 1860 Southern Democrats candidate
    • 48. CSA general and commander
    • 49. fifth and final CSA Secretary of War
  • Anthony Burns
    • born a VA slave
    • 50. converted to Baptism & became a “slave preacher”
    • 51. fled from Richmond and was discovered and arrested during Pierce’s administration
    • 52. fueled antislavery sentiments all across the North
  • John Caldwell Calhoun
    • “cast-iron man”
    • 53. 7th U.S. VP
    • 54. leading SC politician
    • 55. part of the “Great Triumvirate” along with Webster and Calhoun
    • 56. advocate of
    • 57. slavery
    • 58. secession
    • 59. states’ rights
    • 60. limited government
    • 61. nullification
  • Salmon Portland Chase
    • politician
    • 62. jurist
    • 63. Ohio U.S. Senator
    • 64. Ohio Governor
    • 65. Lincoln’s Secretary of Treasury
    • 66. U.S. Chief Justice
    • 67. coined the slogan of the Free Soil Party, “Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men”
    • 68. devoted to destroying the Slave Power – conspiracy of slave owners to seize control of the Federal govt. and block the progress of liberty
  • Jay Cooke
    • financier
    • 69. Ohio lawyer
    • 70. Whig member of Congress
    • 71. collaborated with Salmon Chase in securing loans from leading bankers in Northern cities during the Civil War
  • John Jordan Crittenden
    • KY statesman
    • 72. twice served as U.S. Attorney General
    • 73. KY Representative and Senator
    • 74. KY’s 17th governor
    • 75. proposed 1860 Crittenden Compromise
  • George Davis
    • served as CSA Attorney General in Jefferson Davis’s cabinet
    • 76. served in the Confederate Senate
  • Jefferson Finis Davis
    • CSA President
    • 77. Pierce’s Secretary of War
    • 78. MS Senator
    • 79. argued against secession but
    • 80. believed each state was sovereign and had the right to secede from the Union
    • 81. charged with treason but not tried after the war
    • 82. imprisoned at Fort Monroe in VA for two years
  • Henry Clay
    • “The Great Compromiser”
    • 83. “The Great Pacifier”
    • 84. statesman
    • 85. orator
    • 86. KY Representative and KY Senator
    • 87. 1825 – 1829 Secretary of State
    • 88. founder and leader of Whig Party
    • 89. part of the “Great Triumvirate” along with Webster and Calhoun
  • Varina Howell Davis
    • author of Jefferson Davis, A Memoir
    • 90. CSA’s First Lady
    • 91. Jefferson Davis’s second wife
  • Dorothea Lynde Dix
    • activist on behalf of the indigent insane
    • 92. created the first generation of mental asylums
    • 93. Civil War Superintendent of Army Nurses
  • Frederick Douglas
  • Stephen Arnold Douglas
    • “Little Giant”
    • 101. Illinois politician
    • 102. 1860 Northern Democrat’s nominee
    • 103. largely responsible for Compromise of 1850
    • 104. creator of Kansas-Nebraska Act
    • 105. supported Dred Scott Supreme Court decision
    • 106. believed in democracy
    • 107. rallied his supporters to the Union when the Civil War broke out
  • Sarah Emma Edmonds
    • Canadian born
    • 108. served with the Union Army disguised as a man named “Franklin Flint Thomas”
    • 109. first served as a male field nurse
    • 110. participated in several campaigns under McClellan
    • 111. became a Union spy
    • 112. granted a pension after the war
  • John Ericsson
    • American-Swedish born inventor and mechanical engineer
    • 113. designer of the U.S.S. Monitor
  • George Fitzhugh
    • VA lawyer
    • 114. author of two books and numerous articles advocating slavery
    • 115. social theorist
    • 116. published racial and slavery-based sociological theories in the antebellum era
  • John Charles Fremont
    • “The Great Pathfinder”
    • 117. military officer
    • 118. explorer
    • 119. first candidate of the Republican Party
  • William Lloyd Garrison
    • abolitionist
    • 120. journalist
    • 121. social reformer
    • 122. editor of The Liberator
    • 123. one of the founders of the American Anti- Slavery Society
    • 124. prominent voice for the women’s suffrage movement
  • Horace Greely
    • editor of New York Tribune
    • 125. Liberal Republican Party’s candidate in 1872 election (Grant’s opponent)
  • Angelina Emily Grimke
  • Sarah Moore Grimke
  • Hannibal Hamlin
    • Lincoln’s first VP
    • 133. Governor of Maine
    • 134. served in the House of Representatives and Senate
  • Hinton Rowan Helper
    • Southern U.S. critic of slavery
    • 135. The Impending Crisis of the South
    • 136. argued that slavery hurt non-slaveholder
  • Thomas Holliday Hicks
    • MD politician
    • 137. MD governor at the outbreak of Civil War
    • 138. MD Senator
    • 139. opposed abolitionists
    • 140. supported slave-owners
    • 141. sided with the Union
  • Robert M.T. Hunter
    • statesman
    • 142. member of U.S. House of Representatives
    • 143. served as the youngest Speaker of the Senate
    • 144. CSA Secretary of State (1861- 1862)
    • 145. member of Confederate Senate (1862- 1865); at times, a caustic critic of the Davis administration
    • 146. was pictured on the Confed. ten dollar bill
  • James Henry Lane
    • Senator
    • 147. Union general and partisan
    • 148. leader of “Jayhawkers” abolitionist movement in KS
    • 149. Indiana Congressman (1853 – 1855)
    • 150. elected as KS Senator twice
    • 151. was the real target of the Lawrence Massacre but escaped
  • Elijah Parish Lovejoy
    • Presbyterian minister
    • 152. journalist
    • 153. newspaper editor
    • 154. murdered by Illinois mob for his abolitionist views
    • 155. hailed as a martyr by abolitionists
  • Hugh McCulloch
    • statesman
    • 156. served two non-consecutive terms as U.S. Treasury Secretary, serving under three presidents
  • Dr. Samuel Mudd
    • physician
    • 157. convicted and imprisoned for aiding and conspiring with John Wilkes Booth in 1865
    • 158. pardoned by Andrew Johnson
    • 159. released from prison four years later
  • Theodore Parker
    • Transcendentalist
    • 160. reforming minister of the Unitarian church
    • 161. abolitionist
    • 162. words and quotes influenced Abraham Lincoln and Martin Luther King, Jr.
  • Wendell Phillips
  • Allan Pinkerton
    • Scottish-American detective and spy
    • 165. created the Pinkerton National Detective Agency, the first detective agency in U.S
    • 166. solved a series of train robberies in the 1850s
    • 167. foiled an alleged assassination plot in Baltimore, MD, while guarding Lincoln on his way to the inauguration
  • Gabriel Prosser
    • literate enslaved blacksmith
    • 168. planned and led a large slave rebellion in the Richmond area in 1800
    • 169. he and 26 people were hanged
  • George Wythe Randolph
    • lawyer
    • 170. CSA Secretary of War
    • 171. Thomas Jefferson’s grandson
  • Mary Jane Safford
    • school-teacher
    • 172. prominent nurse to TN
    • 173. treated the sick and injured at Fort Donelson
    • 174. accompanied Grant’s army during the Battle of Shiloh
  • James Alexander Seddon
    • lawyer
    • 175. politician
    • 176. served two terms in Congress for Democratic Party
    • 177. CSA Secretary of War
  • William Henry Seward
    • NY Governor
    • 178. NY Senator
    • 179. Lincoln’s and Johnson’s Secretary of State
    • 180. dominant figure in the Republican Party
    • 181. played a role in preventing foreign intervention in the war
    • 182. during Johnson administration, he engineered the purchase of Alaska from Russia which was ridiculed as “Seward’s Folly”
  • Edwin McMasters Stanton
    • lawyer
    • 183. politician
    • 184. U.S. Attorney General (1860 -61)
    • 185. U.S. Secretary of War though most of the Civil War and Reconstruction
  • Alexander H. Stephens
    • Georgian politician
    • 186. CSA VP
  • Thaddeus Stevens
    • Republican leader
    • 187. witty, sarcastic speaker
    • 188. Stevens and Charles Sumners were prime leaders of the Radical Republican s during the Civil War
    • 189. only member of the House of Representatives to have been known as the ‘dictator’ of Congress
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe
    • abolitionist
    • 190. author of Uncle Tom’s Cabin
  • Charles Sumner
    • MA politician
    • 191. statesman
    • 192. leader of the Radical Republicans in the Senate during the Civil War and Reconstruction
    • 193. severely beaten by Preston Brooks in 1856
  • Roger Brooke Taney
    • 11th U.S. Attorney General
    • 194. 5th Chief Justice
    • 195. delivered the majority opinion in Dred Scott v. Sandford
  • Susie King Taylor
    • first African American to teach openly in a school for former slaves in Georgia
    • 196. only African American woman to publish a memoir of her wartime experiences
    • 197. first black army nurse
  • George Alfred Trenholm
    • prominent politician in CSA
    • 198. appointed Confed. Secretary of Treasury
    • 199. 1853 head of major cotton broker, John Fraser & Co.
    • 200. became the CSA’s overseas banker
    • 201. financed its own fleet of blockade runners
  • Harriet Tubman
    • abolitionist
    • 202. humanitarian
    • 203. Union spy
    • 204. helped John Brown recruit men for his raid on Harpers Ferry
    • 205. active in women’s suffrage movement
    • 206. made 13 Underground Railroad missions to rescue over 70 slaves
  • Nathaniel Turner
    • slave who led a slave rebellion in VA that resulted in 60 deaths
    • 207. convicted, sentenced, and executed
  • Clement Laird Vallandigham
    • Ohio unionist of the Copperhead faction
  • Elizabeth Van Lew
    • aided prisoners in escape attempts
    • 208. worked on behalf of the Union
    • 209. operated a spy ring
    • 210. first person to raise the U.S. flag in Richmond
  • Benjamin Franklin Wade
    • lawyer
    • 211. Senator
    • 212. associated with Radical Republicans
    • 213. witnessed the defeat of the Union Army at the First Battle of Bull Run
    • 214. highly critical of Lincoln and Johnson
    • 215. created the Wade-Davis bill
  • David Walker
    • American black abolitionist
    • 216. David Walker’s Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World
    • 217. called on African people to resist slavery and racism
  • Leroy Walker
    • first CSA Secretary of War
    • 218. issued the orders for the firing of Ft. Sumter
    • 219. served briefly as CSA brigadier general
  • Mary Edwards Walker
  • Thomas Hill Watts
    • Democratic Governor of Alabama
    • 226. attorney general in Davis’ cabinet
  • Daniel Webster
    • attorney
    • 227. statesman
    • 228. orator
    • 229. “Great Triumvirate” alone with Calhoun and Clay
    • 230. tried three times to achieve presidency
    • 231. Secretary of State
  • Theodore Dwight Weld
  • David Wilmot
    • sponsor of Wilmot Proviso
    • 237. Democrat, Free-Soiler, and a Republican
  • Henry Wirz
    • Confederate officer tried and executed for conspiracy and murder relating to his command at Camp Sumter, the Confederate prisoner of war camp in Andersonville, Georgia
  • William Lowndes Yancey
    • journalist
    • 238. politician
    • 239. orator
    • 240. diplomat
    • 241. leader of the Southern secession movement
    • 242. a Fire-Eater
    • 243. appointed by Jefferson Davis to head a diplomatic delegation to Europe in the attempt to secure formal recognition of Southern independence

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