Other Individuals

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Other Individuals

  1. 1. Other Individuals<br />
  2. 2. Charles Francis Adams<br /><ul><li>Member of the prominent Adams family
  3. 3. American Minister in London during the Civil War
  4. 4. kept the Trent Affair from getting out of hand</li></li></ul><li>Susan Brownell Anthony<br /><ul><li> Played pivotal role in women’s rights movement to introduce women suffrage into the U.S.
  5. 5. Traveled the U.S. and Europe
  6. 6. Gave 75 to 100 speeches every year on women’s rights for 45 years</li></li></ul><li>Samuel Bland Arnold<br /><ul><li> involved in the plot to kidnap Lincoln
  7. 7. pardoned in 1869 by Andrew Johnson</li></li></ul><li>George Andreas Atzerodt<br /><ul><li> conspirator with John Wilkes Booth
  8. 8. executed by hanging</li></li></ul><li>Clarissa “Clara” Barton<br /><ul><li> pioneer American teacher, nurse, and humanitarian
  9. 9. “strong and independent spirit”
  10. 10. organized the American Red Cross</li></li></ul><li>Isabella Baumfree<br /><ul><li> Sojourner Truth
  11. 11. abolitionist
  12. 12. women’s rights activist
  13. 13. best-known speech, Ain’t I a Woman?</li></li></ul><li>John Bell<br /><ul><li> “The Great Apostate”
  14. 14. TN politician
  15. 15. attorney
  16. 16. plantation owner
  17. 17. served in both House of Representatives and Senate
  18. 18. 1860 Constitutional Union party candidate</li></li></ul><li>Judah Phillip Benjamin<br /><ul><li> politician
  19. 19. lawyer
  20. 20. born a British subject in the West Indies
  21. 21. became a citizen of the U.S.
  22. 22. and then became a citizen of the C.S.A</li></li></ul><li>Francis Preston Blair, Sr.<br /><ul><li> journalist
  23. 23. politician
  24. 24. helped organize the new Republican Party
  25. 25. influential in securing the 1856 nomination for John C. Fremont
  26. 26. supported the 1860 nomination of Lincoln
  27. 27. told his slaves that “they could go if they wished”; all but one left</li></li></ul><li>Francis Preston Blair, Jr.<br /><ul><li> politician
  28. 28. Union Army general
  29. 29. MO representative in both the House of Representatives and the Senate
  30. 30. Democratic Party’s nominee for VP in 1868</li></li></ul><li>Montgomery Blair<br /><ul><li> brother of Francis Preston Blair, Jr.
  31. 31. MD politician and lawyer
  32. 32. loyal member of Abraham Lincoln’s cabinet
  33. 33. hot-tempered
  34. 34. launched an all-out attack against Republican liberals</li></li></ul><li>John Wilkes Booth<br /><ul><li> stage actor
  35. 35. assassinated Lincoln at Ford’s Theatre, Washington D.C on Apr 14, 1865
  36. 36. planned to kill Pres. Lincoln, VP Andrew Johnson, Secretary of State William Seward to help Confederate cause
  37. 37. tracked and killed by Union soldiers</li></li></ul><li>Sherman Miller Booth<br /><ul><li> abolitionist leader
  38. 38. editor
  39. 39. Wisconsin politician
  40. 40. arrested for violating the Fugitive Slave Act by setting free Joshua Glover, a MO runaway slave, from prison
  41. 41. appealed to the Wisconsin Supreme Court which ruled the 1850 federal law unconstitutional </li></li></ul><li>John Brown<br /><ul><li> abolitionist
  42. 42. folk hero
  43. 43. leader of 1856 Pottawatomie Massacre in Bleeding Kansas
  44. 44. raided Harpers Ferry in 1859</li></li></ul><li>John Cabell Breckinridge<br /><ul><li> lawyer and politician
  45. 45. KY Representative and KY Senator
  46. 46. youngest VP at age 36
  47. 47. 1860 Southern Democrats candidate
  48. 48. CSA general and commander
  49. 49. fifth and final CSA Secretary of War</li></li></ul><li>Anthony Burns<br /><ul><li> born a VA slave
  50. 50. converted to Baptism & became a “slave preacher”
  51. 51. fled from Richmond and was discovered and arrested during Pierce’s administration
  52. 52. fueled antislavery sentiments all across the North</li></li></ul><li>John Caldwell Calhoun<br /><ul><li> “cast-iron man”
  53. 53. 7th U.S. VP
  54. 54. leading SC politician
  55. 55. part of the “Great Triumvirate” along with Webster and Calhoun
  56. 56. advocate of
  57. 57. slavery
  58. 58. secession
  59. 59. states’ rights
  60. 60. limited government
  61. 61. nullification</li></li></ul><li>Salmon Portland Chase<br /><ul><li> politician
  62. 62. jurist
  63. 63. Ohio U.S. Senator
  64. 64. Ohio Governor
  65. 65. Lincoln’s Secretary of Treasury
  66. 66. U.S. Chief Justice
  67. 67. coined the slogan of the Free Soil Party, “Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men”
  68. 68. devoted to destroying the Slave Power – conspiracy of slave owners to seize control of the Federal govt. and block the progress of liberty</li></li></ul><li>Jay Cooke<br /><ul><li> financier
  69. 69. Ohio lawyer
  70. 70. Whig member of Congress
  71. 71. collaborated with Salmon Chase in securing loans from leading bankers in Northern cities during the Civil War</li></li></ul><li>John Jordan Crittenden <br /><ul><li> KY statesman
  72. 72. twice served as U.S. Attorney General
  73. 73. KY Representative and Senator
  74. 74. KY’s 17th governor
  75. 75. proposed 1860 Crittenden Compromise </li></li></ul><li>George Davis<br /><ul><li> served as CSA Attorney General in Jefferson Davis’s cabinet
  76. 76. served in the Confederate Senate</li></li></ul><li>Jefferson Finis Davis<br /><ul><li> CSA President
  77. 77. Pierce’s Secretary of War
  78. 78. MS Senator
  79. 79. argued against secession but
  80. 80. believed each state was sovereign and had the right to secede from the Union
  81. 81. charged with treason but not tried after the war
  82. 82. imprisoned at Fort Monroe in VA for two years</li></li></ul><li>Henry Clay<br /><ul><li> “The Great Compromiser”
  83. 83. “The Great Pacifier”
  84. 84. statesman
  85. 85. orator
  86. 86. KY Representative and KY Senator
  87. 87. 1825 – 1829 Secretary of State
  88. 88. founder and leader of Whig Party
  89. 89. part of the “Great Triumvirate” along with Webster and Calhoun</li></li></ul><li>Varina Howell Davis<br /><ul><li> author of Jefferson Davis, A Memoir
  90. 90. CSA’s First Lady
  91. 91. Jefferson Davis’s second wife</li></li></ul><li>Dorothea Lynde Dix<br /><ul><li> activist on behalf of the indigent insane
  92. 92. created the first generation of mental asylums
  93. 93. Civil War Superintendent of Army Nurses</li></li></ul><li>Frederick Douglas<br /><ul><li> “Sage of Anacostia”
  94. 94. abolitionist
  95. 95. women’s suffragist
  96. 96. editor
  97. 97. orator
  98. 98. author
  99. 99. statesman
  100. 100. reformer</li></li></ul><li>Stephen Arnold Douglas<br /><ul><li> “Little Giant”
  101. 101. Illinois politician
  102. 102. 1860 Northern Democrat’s nominee
  103. 103. largely responsible for Compromise of 1850
  104. 104. creator of Kansas-Nebraska Act
  105. 105. supported Dred Scott Supreme Court decision
  106. 106. believed in democracy
  107. 107. rallied his supporters to the Union when the Civil War broke out</li></li></ul><li>Sarah Emma Edmonds<br /><ul><li> Canadian born
  108. 108. served with the Union Army disguised as a man named “Franklin Flint Thomas”
  109. 109. first served as a male field nurse
  110. 110. participated in several campaigns under McClellan
  111. 111. became a Union spy
  112. 112. granted a pension after the war</li></li></ul><li>John Ericsson <br /><ul><li> American-Swedish born inventor and mechanical engineer
  113. 113. designer of the U.S.S. Monitor</li></li></ul><li>George Fitzhugh<br /><ul><li> VA lawyer
  114. 114. author of two books and numerous articles advocating slavery
  115. 115. social theorist
  116. 116. published racial and slavery-based sociological theories in the antebellum era </li></li></ul><li>John Charles Fremont<br /><ul><li> “The Great Pathfinder”
  117. 117. military officer
  118. 118. explorer
  119. 119. first candidate of the Republican Party</li></li></ul><li>William Lloyd Garrison<br /><ul><li> abolitionist
  120. 120. journalist
  121. 121. social reformer
  122. 122. editor of The Liberator
  123. 123. one of the founders of the American Anti- Slavery Society
  124. 124. prominent voice for the women’s suffrage movement</li></li></ul><li>Horace Greely<br /><ul><li> editor of New York Tribune
  125. 125. Liberal Republican Party’s candidate in 1872 election (Grant’s opponent)</li></li></ul><li>Angelina Emily Grimke<br /><ul><li> politician
  126. 126. lawyer
  127. 127. abolitionist
  128. 128. suffragist
  129. 129. An Appeal to the Christian Women of the South
  130. 130. Letters to Catharine Beecher </li></li></ul><li>Sarah Moore Grimke<br /><ul><li> abolitionist
  131. 131. writer
  132. 132. suffragist</li></li></ul><li>Hannibal Hamlin<br /><ul><li> Lincoln’s first VP
  133. 133. Governor of Maine
  134. 134. served in the House of Representatives and Senate</li></li></ul><li>Hinton Rowan Helper<br /><ul><li> Southern U.S. critic of slavery
  135. 135. The Impending Crisis of the South
  136. 136. argued that slavery hurt non-slaveholder</li></li></ul><li>Thomas Holliday Hicks<br /><ul><li> MD politician
  137. 137. MD governor at the outbreak of Civil War
  138. 138. MD Senator
  139. 139. opposed abolitionists
  140. 140. supported slave-owners
  141. 141. sided with the Union</li></li></ul><li>Robert M.T. Hunter<br /><ul><li> statesman
  142. 142. member of U.S. House of Representatives
  143. 143. served as the youngest Speaker of the Senate
  144. 144. CSA Secretary of State (1861- 1862)
  145. 145. member of Confederate Senate (1862- 1865); at times, a caustic critic of the Davis administration
  146. 146. was pictured on the Confed. ten dollar bill</li></li></ul><li>James Henry Lane<br /><ul><li> Senator
  147. 147. Union general and partisan
  148. 148. leader of “Jayhawkers” abolitionist movement in KS
  149. 149. Indiana Congressman (1853 – 1855)
  150. 150. elected as KS Senator twice
  151. 151. was the real target of the Lawrence Massacre but escaped</li></li></ul><li>Elijah Parish Lovejoy<br /><ul><li> Presbyterian minister
  152. 152. journalist
  153. 153. newspaper editor
  154. 154. murdered by Illinois mob for his abolitionist views
  155. 155. hailed as a martyr by abolitionists </li></li></ul><li>Hugh McCulloch<br /><ul><li> statesman
  156. 156. served two non-consecutive terms as U.S. Treasury Secretary, serving under three presidents</li></li></ul><li>Dr. Samuel Mudd<br /><ul><li> physician
  157. 157. convicted and imprisoned for aiding and conspiring with John Wilkes Booth in 1865
  158. 158. pardoned by Andrew Johnson
  159. 159. released from prison four years later</li></li></ul><li>Theodore Parker<br /><ul><li> Transcendentalist
  160. 160. reforming minister of the Unitarian church
  161. 161. abolitionist
  162. 162. words and quotes influenced Abraham Lincoln and Martin Luther King, Jr.</li></li></ul><li>Wendell Phillips<br /><ul><li> abolitionist
  163. 163. Native American advocate
  164. 164. orator</li></li></ul><li>Allan Pinkerton<br /><ul><li> Scottish-American detective and spy
  165. 165. created the Pinkerton National Detective Agency, the first detective agency in U.S
  166. 166. solved a series of train robberies in the 1850s
  167. 167. foiled an alleged assassination plot in Baltimore, MD, while guarding Lincoln on his way to the inauguration</li></li></ul><li>Gabriel Prosser<br /><ul><li> literate enslaved blacksmith
  168. 168. planned and led a large slave rebellion in the Richmond area in 1800
  169. 169. he and 26 people were hanged</li></li></ul><li>George Wythe Randolph<br /><ul><li> lawyer
  170. 170. CSA Secretary of War
  171. 171. Thomas Jefferson’s grandson</li></li></ul><li>Mary Jane Safford<br /><ul><li> school-teacher
  172. 172. prominent nurse to TN
  173. 173. treated the sick and injured at Fort Donelson
  174. 174. accompanied Grant’s army during the Battle of Shiloh </li></li></ul><li>James Alexander Seddon<br /><ul><li> lawyer
  175. 175. politician
  176. 176. served two terms in Congress for Democratic Party
  177. 177. CSA Secretary of War</li></li></ul><li>William Henry Seward<br /><ul><li> NY Governor
  178. 178. NY Senator
  179. 179. Lincoln’s and Johnson’s Secretary of State
  180. 180. dominant figure in the Republican Party
  181. 181. played a role in preventing foreign intervention in the war
  182. 182. during Johnson administration, he engineered the purchase of Alaska from Russia which was ridiculed as “Seward’s Folly”</li></li></ul><li>Edwin McMasters Stanton<br /><ul><li> lawyer
  183. 183. politician
  184. 184. U.S. Attorney General (1860 -61)
  185. 185. U.S. Secretary of War though most of the Civil War and Reconstruction</li></li></ul><li>Alexander H. Stephens<br /><ul><li> Georgian politician
  186. 186. CSA VP </li></li></ul><li>Thaddeus Stevens<br /><ul><li> Republican leader
  187. 187. witty, sarcastic speaker
  188. 188. Stevens and Charles Sumners were prime leaders of the Radical Republican s during the Civil War
  189. 189. only member of the House of Representatives to have been known as the ‘dictator’ of Congress</li></li></ul><li>Harriet Beecher Stowe<br /><ul><li> abolitionist
  190. 190. author of Uncle Tom’s Cabin</li></li></ul><li>Charles Sumner<br /><ul><li> MA politician
  191. 191. statesman
  192. 192. leader of the Radical Republicans in the Senate during the Civil War and Reconstruction
  193. 193. severely beaten by Preston Brooks in 1856 </li></li></ul><li>Roger Brooke Taney<br /><ul><li> 11th U.S. Attorney General
  194. 194. 5th Chief Justice
  195. 195. delivered the majority opinion in Dred Scott v. Sandford</li></li></ul><li>Susie King Taylor<br /><ul><li> first African American to teach openly in a school for former slaves in Georgia
  196. 196. only African American woman to publish a memoir of her wartime experiences
  197. 197. first black army nurse</li></li></ul><li>George Alfred Trenholm<br /><ul><li> prominent politician in CSA
  198. 198. appointed Confed. Secretary of Treasury
  199. 199. 1853 head of major cotton broker, John Fraser & Co.
  200. 200. became the CSA’s overseas banker
  201. 201. financed its own fleet of blockade runners </li></li></ul><li>Harriet Tubman<br /><ul><li> abolitionist
  202. 202. humanitarian
  203. 203. Union spy
  204. 204. helped John Brown recruit men for his raid on Harpers Ferry
  205. 205. active in women’s suffrage movement
  206. 206. made 13 Underground Railroad missions to rescue over 70 slaves </li></li></ul><li>Nathaniel Turner<br /><ul><li> slave who led a slave rebellion in VA that resulted in 60 deaths
  207. 207. convicted, sentenced, and executed</li></li></ul><li>Clement Laird Vallandigham<br /><ul><li> Ohio unionist of the Copperhead faction </li></li></ul><li>Elizabeth Van Lew<br /><ul><li> aided prisoners in escape attempts
  208. 208. worked on behalf of the Union
  209. 209. operated a spy ring
  210. 210. first person to raise the U.S. flag in Richmond</li></li></ul><li>Benjamin Franklin Wade<br /><ul><li> lawyer
  211. 211. Senator
  212. 212. associated with Radical Republicans
  213. 213. witnessed the defeat of the Union Army at the First Battle of Bull Run
  214. 214. highly critical of Lincoln and Johnson
  215. 215. created the Wade-Davis bill</li></li></ul><li>David Walker<br /><ul><li> American black abolitionist
  216. 216. David Walker’s Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World
  217. 217. called on African people to resist slavery and racism</li></li></ul><li>Leroy Walker<br /><ul><li> first CSA Secretary of War
  218. 218. issued the orders for the firing of Ft. Sumter
  219. 219. served briefly as CSA brigadier general</li></li></ul><li>Mary Edwards Walker<br /><ul><li> feminist
  220. 220. abolitionist
  221. 221. prohibitionist
  222. 222. alleged spy
  223. 223. prisoner of war
  224. 224. surgeon
  225. 225. the only woman to receive the Medal of Honor</li></li></ul><li>Thomas Hill Watts<br /><ul><li> Democratic Governor of Alabama
  226. 226. attorney general in Davis’ cabinet</li></li></ul><li>Daniel Webster<br /><ul><li> attorney
  227. 227. statesman
  228. 228. orator
  229. 229. “Great Triumvirate” alone with Calhoun and Clay
  230. 230. tried three times to achieve presidency
  231. 231. Secretary of State</li></li></ul><li>Theodore Dwight Weld<br /><ul><li> active in abolition movement
  232. 232. writer
  233. 233. editor
  234. 234. speaker
  235. 235. organizer
  236. 236. American Slavery As It Is: Testimony of a Thousand Witnesses </li></li></ul><li>David Wilmot<br /><ul><li> sponsor of Wilmot Proviso
  237. 237. Democrat, Free-Soiler, and a Republican</li></li></ul><li>Henry Wirz<br /><ul><li> Confederate officer tried and executed for conspiracy and murder relating to his command at Camp Sumter, the Confederate prisoner of war camp in Andersonville, Georgia</li></li></ul><li>William Lowndes Yancey<br /><ul><li> journalist
  238. 238. politician
  239. 239. orator
  240. 240. diplomat
  241. 241. leader of the Southern secession movement
  242. 242. a Fire-Eater
  243. 243. appointed by Jefferson Davis to head a diplomatic delegation to Europe in the attempt to secure formal recognition of Southern independence</li>

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