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Franklin Pierce
 

Franklin Pierce

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  • At the Democratic Convention, the delegates easily agreed upon a platform.
  • Democrats refused to re-nominate him

Franklin Pierce Franklin Pierce Presentation Transcript

  • Franklin Pierce
    1853 - 1857
  • Birthplace
    1804 Hillsborough, New Hampshire
  • Education
    Bowdoin College in Maine
    After graduation, studied law
  • Politics
    At 24 – elected to New Hampshire legislature
    Two years later – New Hampshire Speaker
    1830’s – went to Washington as a Representative, then as a Senator
  • Mexican War
  • 1852 – New Hampshire friends proposed him for the Presidential nomination
  • Platform
    Supported the Compromise of 1850
    Hostility towards any efforts to agitate slavery question
  • “Dark horse”
    Delegates at the Democratic Convention balloted 48 times and eliminated all the well-known candidates before nominating Pierce
  • President Pierce
    Because Democrats stood more firmly for the Compromise than Whigs
    and because Whig candidate Gen. Winfield Scott was suspect in the South,
    Pierce won with a narrow margin of popular votes
  • Tragic
    Two months before he took office, he and his wife saw their 11-year old son killed when their train was wrecked.
  • Inaugural Address
    Proclaimed era of peace and prosperity at home and vigor in relations with other nations
    US might have to acquire additional possessions for the sake of its own security and would not be deterred by “any timid forebodings of evil”
    Fact: Pierce gave his 3,319-word inaugural address from memory, without the aid of notes
  • Criticism
    Northerners accused him of acting as a cat’s-paw of Southerners eager to extend slavery
    Aroused apprehension when he pressured Great Britain to relinquish its special interests along part of the Central American coast
    and even more when he tried to persuade Spain to sell Cuba (the Ostend Manifesto document)
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854
    Stephen Douglas wanted a railroad from Chicago to California through Nebraska.
    He created the Kansas-Nebraska Act which repealed the Missouri Compromise.
  • Gadsden Purchase
    Secretary of War, Jefferson Davis, advocate of a southern transcontinental route, persuaded Pierce to send James Gadsden to Mexico to buy land for a southern railroad.
    Purchased the area making up southern Arizona and part of southern New Mexico for ten million dollars.
  • Returned to New Hampshire
    1869 – Died of cirrhosis of the liver as a result of years of heavy drinking
  • Franklin Pierce was the first President to have a Christmas tree in the White House