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Confederate Military Leaders

Confederate Military Leaders






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    Confederate Military Leaders Confederate Military Leaders Presentation Transcript

    • Military Leaders
    • Lewis A. Armistead
      • mortally wounded in Pickett’s Charge at the Battle of Gettysburg
      • attended US Military Academy but resigned after breaking a plate over fellow cadet Jubal Early
    • Braxton Bragg
      • principle commander in the Western Theater
      • Perryville
      • Stones River & Tullahoma
      • Chickamauga
      • Chattanooga
    • Franklin Buchanan
      • captain of the ironclad CSS Virginia (formerly CSS Merrimack) during the Battle of Hampton Roads in VA
    • Simon Bolivar Buckner
      • accepted Grant’s demand for “unconditional surrender” at the Battle of Fort Donelson
      • the first and last Confed. gen. to surrender an army in the war
    • Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
      • strategic ability gained him the nickname “Stonewall of the West”
      • Robert E. Lee referred to him as “a meteor shining from a clouded sky”
      • killed at the Battle of Franklin
    • Samuel Cooper
      • little known today
      • highest ranking Confed. gen. during the Civil War
      • he outranked:
      • Albert Sidney Johnston
      • Robert E. Lee
      • Joseph E. Johnston
      • P.G.T. Beauregard
      • reported directly to Jeff Davis
    • Basil Duke
      • Jeff Davis’s bodyguard when he fled from Richmond, VA
      • known as a historian of Confed. experiences
      • helped found the Filson Club Historical Society and started preserving Shiloh battlefield
      • “No Southerner was more dedicated to the Confederacy than General Basil W. Duke”
    • Jubal A. Early
      • served under Stonewall Jackson and then Lee
      • commander in key battles of the Valley Campaign of 1864 , including a daring raid to the outskirts of Washington D.C.
    • Richard S. Ewell
      • achieved recognition as a senior commander under Stonewall Jackson and Lee
      • legacy clouded by controversies over his actions at the Battle of Gettysburg and at the Battle of Spotslyvania Court House
    • Nathan Bedford Forrest
      • self-educated, cavalry leader during the war, leading insurgent in postwar years
      • lacked formal military education but had a gift for strategy and tactics
      • nicknamed The Wizard of the Saddle
      • accused of war crimes at the Battle of Ft. Pillow for allowing forces under his command to conduct a massacre of black Union Army prisoners
      • first Grand Wizard of Ku Klux Klan
    • William J. Hardee
      • pre-Civil War writings about military tactics were well known and widely used on both sides during the war
    • Ambrose Powell Hill
      • gained early fame as the commander of “Light Division” (the largest corps under Lee), becoming one of Stonewall Jackson’s ablest subordinates
      • known to his soldiers as Little Powell
    • John Bell Hood
      • had a reputation for bravery and aggressiveness that sometimes bordered on recklessness
      • one of the best brigade and division commanders in the CSA army but became increasingly ineffective as he was promoted to lead larger, independent commands late in the war
      • career marred by defeats in the Atlanta Campaign and the Franklin-Nashville Campaign
    • Thomas (Stonewall) Jackson
      • considered to be one of the most gifted tactical commanders in US history
    • Albert Sidney Johnston
      • considered by Pres. Jeff Davis to be the finest general in the Confederacy before the emergence of Robert E. Lee
      • killed early in the Battle of Shiloh and was the highest ranking officer (Union or Confederate) killed during the entire war
    • Joseph E. Johnston
      • Johnston's effectiveness in the Civil War was undercut by tensions with Confederate President Jefferson Davis, but he also suffered from a lack of aggressiveness and victory which eluded him in every campaign he personally commanded
    • Edward Johnston
      • American Indian war soldier
      • Medal of Honor recipient
    • Robert E. Lee
      • commanded the Army of Northern VA
      • Lee’s greatest victories
      • Seven Days Battles
      • Second Battle of Bull Run
      • Battle of Fredericksburg
      • Battle of Chancellorsville
      • Battle of Cold Harbor
      • Campaigns to invade the North failed
      • Battle of Antietam
      • Battle of Gettysburg
      • Surrendered at Appomattox Court House April 9, 1865
    • James Longstreet
      • principle subordinate to Robert E. Lee who called him his “Old War Horse”
      • served as corps commander
    • William Wing Loring
      • first assignment was to defend western VA from George McClellan, who was invading from Ohio
      • acquired nickname “Old Blizzards” for his battle cry “Give them blizzards, boys! Give them blizzards!”
    • John McCausland
      • famous for the
      • ransom of Hagerstown, MD
      • razing of Chambersburg, PA
    • John Hunt Morgan
      • best known for Morgan’s Raid in 1863 when he led 2,460 troops racing past Union lines into KY, Indiana, and Ohio
      • this would be the farthest north any uniformed Confed. troops penetrated during the war
    • James Johnston Pettigrew
      • major leader in the disastrous Pickett’s Charge
      • killed few days after the Battle of Gettysburg during Confed. retreat to VA
    • George E. Pickett
      • best remembered for his participation in the futile and bloody assault at the Battle of Gettysburg that bears his name, Pickett’s Charge
    • Edmund Kirby Smith
      • notable for his command of the Trans-Mississippi Department of the Confederacy after the fall of Vicksburg
    • J.E.B. Stuart
      • cavalry commander known for his mastery of reconnaissance and the use of cavalry in support of offensive operations
      • serious work made him the trusted ears and eyes of Lee’s army and inspired Southern morale
    • Joseph Wheeler
      • has the rare distinction of serving as a general during war time for two opposing forces:
      • first as a noted cavalry general in the Confederate States Army in the 1860s during the American Civil War
      • later as a general in the US Army during both the Spanish-American War and Philippine-American War near the turn of the century