Confederate Military Leaders
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Confederate Military Leaders

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Confederate Military Leaders Confederate Military Leaders Presentation Transcript

  • Military Leaders
    Confederacy
  • Lewis A. Armistead
    • mortally wounded in Pickett’s Charge at the Battle of Gettysburg
    • attended US Military Academy but resigned after breaking a plate over fellow cadet Jubal Early
  • Braxton Bragg
    • principle commander in the Western Theater
    • ARMY OF TENNESSEE
    • Perryville
    • Stones River & Tullahoma
    • Chickamauga
    • Chattanooga
  • Franklin Buchanan
    • captain of the ironclad CSS Virginia (formerly CSS Merrimack) during the Battle of Hampton Roads in VA
  • Simon Bolivar Buckner
    • accepted Grant’s demand for “unconditional surrender” at the Battle of Fort Donelson
    • the first and last Confed. gen. to surrender an army in the war
  • Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
    • strategic ability gained him the nickname “Stonewall of the West”
    • Robert E. Lee referred to him as “a meteor shining from a clouded sky”
    • killed at the Battle of Franklin
  • Samuel Cooper
    • little known today
    • highest ranking Confed. gen. during the Civil War
    • he outranked:
    • Albert Sidney Johnston
    • Robert E. Lee
    • Joseph E. Johnston
    • P.G.T. Beauregard
    • reported directly to Jeff Davis
  • Basil Duke
    • Jeff Davis’s bodyguard when he fled from Richmond, VA
    • known as a historian of Confed. experiences
    • helped found the Filson Club Historical Society and started preserving Shiloh battlefield
    • “No Southerner was more dedicated to the Confederacy than General Basil W. Duke”
  • Jubal A. Early
    • served under Stonewall Jackson and then Lee
    • commander in key battles of the Valley Campaign of 1864 , including a daring raid to the outskirts of Washington D.C.
  • Richard S. Ewell
    • achieved recognition as a senior commander under Stonewall Jackson and Lee
    • legacy clouded by controversies over his actions at the Battle of Gettysburg and at the Battle of Spotslyvania Court House
  • Nathan Bedford Forrest
    • self-educated, cavalry leader during the war, leading insurgent in postwar years
    • lacked formal military education but had a gift for strategy and tactics
    • nicknamed The Wizard of the Saddle
    • accused of war crimes at the Battle of Ft. Pillow for allowing forces under his command to conduct a massacre of black Union Army prisoners
    • first Grand Wizard of Ku Klux Klan
  • William J. Hardee
    • pre-Civil War writings about military tactics were well known and widely used on both sides during the war
  • Ambrose Powell Hill
    • gained early fame as the commander of “Light Division” (the largest corps under Lee), becoming one of Stonewall Jackson’s ablest subordinates
    • known to his soldiers as Little Powell
  • John Bell Hood
    • had a reputation for bravery and aggressiveness that sometimes bordered on recklessness
    • one of the best brigade and division commanders in the CSA army but became increasingly ineffective as he was promoted to lead larger, independent commands late in the war
    • career marred by defeats in the Atlanta Campaign and the Franklin-Nashville Campaign
  • Thomas (Stonewall) Jackson
    • considered to be one of the most gifted tactical commanders in US history
  • Albert Sidney Johnston
    • considered by Pres. Jeff Davis to be the finest general in the Confederacy before the emergence of Robert E. Lee
    • killed early in the Battle of Shiloh and was the highest ranking officer (Union or Confederate) killed during the entire war
  • Joseph E. Johnston
    • Johnston's effectiveness in the Civil War was undercut by tensions with Confederate President Jefferson Davis, but he also suffered from a lack of aggressiveness and victory which eluded him in every campaign he personally commanded
  • Edward Johnston
    • American Indian war soldier
    • Medal of Honor recipient
  • Robert E. Lee
    • commanded the Army of Northern VA
    • Lee’s greatest victories
    • Seven Days Battles
    • Second Battle of Bull Run
    • Battle of Fredericksburg
    • Battle of Chancellorsville
    • Battle of Cold Harbor
    • Campaigns to invade the North failed
    • Battle of Antietam
    • Battle of Gettysburg
    • Surrendered at Appomattox Court House April 9, 1865
  • James Longstreet
    • principle subordinate to Robert E. Lee who called him his “Old War Horse”
    • served as corps commander
  • William Wing Loring
    • first assignment was to defend western VA from George McClellan, who was invading from Ohio
    • acquired nickname “Old Blizzards” for his battle cry “Give them blizzards, boys! Give them blizzards!”
  • John McCausland
    • famous for the
    • ransom of Hagerstown, MD
    • razing of Chambersburg, PA
  • John Hunt Morgan
    • best known for Morgan’s Raid in 1863 when he led 2,460 troops racing past Union lines into KY, Indiana, and Ohio
    • this would be the farthest north any uniformed Confed. troops penetrated during the war
  • James Johnston Pettigrew
    • major leader in the disastrous Pickett’s Charge
    • killed few days after the Battle of Gettysburg during Confed. retreat to VA
  • George E. Pickett
    • best remembered for his participation in the futile and bloody assault at the Battle of Gettysburg that bears his name, Pickett’s Charge
  • Edmund Kirby Smith
    • notable for his command of the Trans-Mississippi Department of the Confederacy after the fall of Vicksburg
  • J.E.B. Stuart
    • cavalry commander known for his mastery of reconnaissance and the use of cavalry in support of offensive operations
    • serious work made him the trusted ears and eyes of Lee’s army and inspired Southern morale
  • Joseph Wheeler
    • has the rare distinction of serving as a general during war time for two opposing forces:
    • first as a noted cavalry general in the Confederate States Army in the 1860s during the American Civil War
    • later as a general in the US Army during both the Spanish-American War and Philippine-American War near the turn of the century