Andrew Johnson<br />1865-1869<br />
Most unfortunate of Presidents…<br />
Birthplace<br />1808 – born into poverty<br />Raleigh, North Carolina<br />
Tailor<br />Apprenticed to a tailor as a boy, but ran away<br />Opened a tailor shop in Greeneville, Tennessee<br />
Mrs. Eliza McCardle Johnson<br />
Politics<br />Championed the COMMON MAN<br />Vilified the plantation aristocracy<br />Member of the House of Representativ...
During secession,<br />Johnson remained in the Senate when TN seceded.<br />
1862 – Lincoln appointed him Military Governor of TN<br />1864 – Republicans, contending that their National Union Party w...
President Johnson<br />Proceeded to reconstruct the former Confederate States while Congress was not in session in 1865<br...
December 1865<br />Most southern states were reconstructed<br />Slavery was being abolished<br />“black codes” to regulate...
Most unfortunate of Presidents…<br />
Radical Republicans<br />Gained the support of northerners who were dismayed to see Southerners keeping many prewar leader...
Radical Republicans, cont’d.<br />Passed measures dealing with former slaves; Johnson vetoed the legislation<br />Radicals...
Radical Republicans, cont’d.<br />Congress creates 14th Amendment which specified that no state should “deprive any person...
Middle West, Johnson faced hostile audiences<br />Radical Republicans won victory in Congressional elections that fall<br />
Most unfortunate of Presidents…<br />
Radical Republicans Cont’d.<br />March 1867 – Radicals effected their own plan of Reconstruction; again placing southern s...
Most unfortunate of Presidents…<br />
1875 – TN returned Johnson to the Senate<br />He died a few months later<br />
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Andrew Johnson

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  • which made him a hero in the North but a traitor in the South
  • Moved vigorously to change Johnson’s program
  • Andrew Johnson

    1. 1.
    2. 2. Andrew Johnson<br />1865-1869<br />
    3. 3. Most unfortunate of Presidents…<br />
    4. 4. Birthplace<br />1808 – born into poverty<br />Raleigh, North Carolina<br />
    5. 5. Tailor<br />Apprenticed to a tailor as a boy, but ran away<br />Opened a tailor shop in Greeneville, Tennessee<br />
    6. 6. Mrs. Eliza McCardle Johnson<br />
    7. 7. Politics<br />Championed the COMMON MAN<br />Vilified the plantation aristocracy<br />Member of the House of Representatives and the Senate in the 1840’s and ‘50’s, he advocated a homestead bill to provide a free farm for the poor man<br />
    8. 8. During secession,<br />Johnson remained in the Senate when TN seceded.<br />
    9. 9. 1862 – Lincoln appointed him Military Governor of TN<br />1864 – Republicans, contending that their National Union Party was for all loyal men, nominated Johnson, a Southerner and a Democrat, for VP<br />
    10. 10. President Johnson<br />Proceeded to reconstruct the former Confederate States while Congress was not in session in 1865<br />Pardoned all who take an oath of allegiance<br />Required leaders and men of wealth to obtain Presidential pardons<br />
    11. 11. December 1865<br />Most southern states were reconstructed<br />Slavery was being abolished<br />“black codes” to regulate the freedmen were beginning to appear<br />
    12. 12. Most unfortunate of Presidents…<br />
    13. 13. Radical Republicans<br />Gained the support of northerners who were dismayed to see Southerners keeping many prewar leaders and imposing many prewar restrictions upon Negroes<br />Refused seat to any Senator or Representative from the old Confederacy<br />
    14. 14. Radical Republicans, cont’d.<br />Passed measures dealing with former slaves; Johnson vetoed the legislation<br />Radicals mustered enough votes in Congress to pass legislation over his veto<br />Passed the Civil Rights Act of 1866, which established Negroes as American citizens and forbade discrimination against them<br />
    15. 15. Radical Republicans, cont’d.<br />Congress creates 14th Amendment which specified that no state should “deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law”<br />All the former Confederate States except TN refused to ratify the amendment<br />
    16. 16. Middle West, Johnson faced hostile audiences<br />Radical Republicans won victory in Congressional elections that fall<br />
    17. 17. Most unfortunate of Presidents…<br />
    18. 18. Radical Republicans Cont’d.<br />March 1867 – Radicals effected their own plan of Reconstruction; again placing southern states under military rule<br />Passed laws placing restrictions upon the President<br />Johnson violated the Tenure of Office Act by dismissing Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton<br />the House voted 11 articles of impeachment against him<br />was tried by the Senate in the spring of 1868 <br />acquitted by 1 vote<br />
    19. 19. Most unfortunate of Presidents…<br />
    20. 20. 1875 – TN returned Johnson to the Senate<br />He died a few months later<br />

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