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History of Mental Health

History of Mental Health

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  • 1. History of Mental Health By: Angela Gourley
  • 2. Early Days of Mental Health  Mental illness related to spirituality  Belief that mentally ill were possessed  Mentally ill were being punished by God  Treatments   Make a hole in the head so the spirits leave Spiritual rituals
  • 3. Hippocrates 460 bc.-375 bc.    Proposed mental illness was a physical not spiritual condition Proposed that an imbalance of bodily fluids was the cause Treatments  Getting mentally ill to expel body fluids
  • 4. Asylums    17th, 18th, and 19th century- Asylums were home to a large population of mentally ill Mentally ill were abused, treated inhumane, and constrained Treatments  Putting them in ice water, drugged
  • 5. Life in Asylums
  • 6. Phillip Pinel 1745-1826  Humanitarian Movement  Pinel saw the abuse of mentally ill  He proposed treating them kindly, without abuse or neglect
  • 7. Dorothea Dix 1802-1887    Mental Hygiene Movement Observed the conditions of asylums and prisons Dix fought to change the conditions that the mentally ill were living in
  • 8. Mental Health in the 20th Century  Clifford    Beers Institutionalized A Mind that Found Itself Connecticut Society for Mental Hygiene  Treatments     during the 20th Century Psychoanalysis Shock therapy Brain Surgery (Lobotomies) Drugs
  • 9. Psychopharmacology  Medications used to treat mental illness  Institutions closed  Mentally ill end up in community programs, homeles s, or in prisons
  • 10. References Advameg Inc. (2013). Psychoanalysis. Encyclopedia of Mental Disorders. Retrieved from http://www.minddisorders.com/Ob-Ps/ Psychoanalysis.html#b Butcher, H. (2013). What impact has deinstitutionalization had on the well-being of mental health patients? Healthculturesociety. Retrieved from http:// healthculturesociety.wikispaces.com/ Foerschner, A.M. (2010). The history of mental illness: From “skull drills” to “happy pills.” Student Pulse, 2(9). Retrieved from http://www.studentpulse.com/articles/283/4/ the-history-of-mental-illness-from-skull-drills-to-happypills Gould, M. (2008). Mental health history: Taking over the asylum. Health Service Journal. Retrieved from http:// www.hsj.co.uk/resource-centre/mental-health-historytaking-over-the-asylum Mo.gov. History of the division of mental diseases. Missouri department of mental health. Retrieved from http:// dmh.mo.gov/about/history.htm
  • 11. References Parry, M. (2010). From a patient’s perspective: Clifford whittingham beers’ work to reform mental health services. American Journal of Public Health, 100(12). Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/ PMC2978191/ Phys.org. (2010). Majority of mental ill inmates don’t get treatment. Phys.org. Retrieved from http://phys.org/ news189882907.html Wikispaces.com. (2013). Dorothea dix. Nursing 101. Retrieved from http://nursing101.wikispaces.com/Dorothea+Dix Word Press. (2011). Afflicted: 11 abandoned uk asylums “open” for exploration. Tips from the T-List. Retrieved from http://www.tipsfromthetlist.com/ 35084.html#.UlofuRa9bzI Yukozimo.com. (2013). Who discovered schizophrenia? Who Discovered It? Retrieved from http:// discovery.yukozimo.com/who-discoveredschizophrenia/