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Sociology presentation pics Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Sports
  • 2. Objective• The ability to understand the three sociological perspectives.•The ability to apply the three perspectives in understanding the role of sport game in society.•The ability to critically justify the perspective chosen
  • 3. Group Members Rebecca Leong Zhi Ying Ch’ng B’ao Zhong Mak Jiang Zhen Sio Jun WeiElaine Khong Vin Yin
  • 4. Introduction to Sports•What is Sports ? -Sports origin from the word „desport‟ in Old French which means „leisure‟ during 1400. -The Chinese uses the term,tiyu(体育) which connotes physical training -The meaning of sport „game involving physical exercise‟ firstly recorded in 1520‟s. -Sport can be defined as recreational activity; entertainment
  • 5. Introduction to Sports•An sport is an organized, competitive, entertaining skillful activity requiring commitment, strategy and fair play.•Therefore, Sports: Event Requirement •Organized •Commitment •Competitive •Strategy •Entertaining •Fair play
  • 6. Introduction to SportsWhy is sports known as organized, competitive and entertainingevent?•Organized- Arrangement insystematic ways
  • 7. Introduction to SportsCompetitive•Involving in competitionEntertaining•Provide amusement or enjoyment
  • 8. Introduction to SportsCommitment•The act of binding yourself to a course of actionStrategy• “ If you fail to plan, You plan to fail” , Benjamin Franklin
  • 9. Introduction to SportsFair-play• With sanctions, winners of the game is given rewards
  • 10. Introduction to Sports•Generally sports is game based on physical athleticism•But, sports are divided into two groupsMind-Sports Physical Athleticism•Board games and card •Physical events and games games e.g: American Football,e.g: Sudoku, Chess, etc… Association Football(soccer)
  • 11. Introduction to Association Football(Soccer)• Soccer is a game in which two teams consist of 11 players tries to maneuver the ball into the opposing team‟s goal by using any part of their bodies except hand and arms.
  • 12. Introduction to Association Football(Soccer)•However , the goalkeeper is the only playerpermitted to handle the ball within the penalty areasurrounding their own goals.
  • 13. Introduction toAssociation Football(Soccer)
  • 14. Introduction to Association Football(Soccer)•Football is the world‟s most popular ball game in the means of numbers of participants and spectators.•Due to the simplicity of soccer, football can be played anywhere, from official football playing fields to parks.•According to the Federation Internationale de Football Association(FIFA) , estimation of approximately 250 million football players and over 1.3 billion people “interested” in football at the turn of 21st century
  • 15. History of Association Football(Soccer)•Modern soccer(current) originated in Britain in the 19th century.•The first uniform set of rules in soccer was set up in 1863.•During the medieval ages, “folk football” games had been played in towns and villages according to local‟s custom and minimum rules.
  • 16. Functionalist Perspective onAssociation Football(Soccer)
  • 17. Functionalist Perspective on Association Football(Soccer)• Functionalist Perspective: -Emphasizes the way parts of a society are structured to maintain its stability. -Each aspect of society is interdependent and contributes to society‟s functioning as a whole.
  • 18. Functionalist Perspective on Association Football(Soccer) Human functionsManifest Function Latent Function• Open, stated , •Hidden, Non- conscious functions stated functions•Intentional and •Unintended and obvious not obvious Dysfunctions •Element or processes of society that may disrupt a social system or its stability
  • 19. Functionalist Perspective on Association Football(Soccer)Manifest Function• Recreation - Activity done for enjoyment when one is not working or studying
  • 20. Functionalist Perspective on Association Football(Soccer)Manifest Function•Physical Conditioning - workouts that someone puts himself through to be in shape for the specified sport.
  • 21. Functionalist Perspective on Association Football(Soccer)Manifest Function• Ways to overcome stress - Exercises improves blood flow to the brain, which increase alpha brain waves associated with relaxation which then reduce blood pressure and muscle tension.
  • 22. Functionalist Perspective on Association Football(Soccer)Latent Function• Social relationship - Collection of people who interact with each other and share similar characteristics and a sense of unity
  • 23. Functionalist Perspective on Association Football(Soccer)Latent Function•Encourage Competition - to promote the action of participating in such events
  • 24. Functionalist Perspective on Association Football(Soccer)Latent Function•Job Resource - increase the employment rate of the certain country, thus attract investors to invest.
  • 25. Functionalist Perspective on Association Football(Soccer)Dysfunctions•Injury -the fact of being harmed or damaged
  • 26. CONFLICT PERSPECTIVEON ASSOCIATION FOOTBALL(SOCCER)
  • 27. Conflict perspectiveAssumes social behavior isbest understood in terms ofconflict or tension betweencompeting groups
  • 28. Conflict perspective Focuses on the negative, conflicted, and ever-charging nature of society. Conflict theorists find social conflict between any groups in which the potential for inequality exists. Eg: racial, gender, religious, political, economic, and so on.
  • 29. Conflict perspective on Association Football(Soccer) Marxist view: Conflict is part of everyday life in all societies eg. When the athletes have differentopinion, they start to fight with each other.
  • 30. Conflict perspective on Association Football(Soccer) Feminist view: inequality treatment in gender in group or society. eg. There has a name call WomenFIFA World Cup for women footballbut do not has Men FIFA World Cup.
  • 31. Conflict perspective on Association Football(Soccer) Winning - increasing the pressure of athletes will,also be a greater fear of failure, - degradation ceremonies and cooling-outprocedures that athletes experience if theydo not win or do not perform at expectedlevels,
  • 32. Conflict perspective on Association Football(Soccer) Winning - the more qualified athletes will playmore, with the result that the less qualifiedathletes will end up
  • 33. Conflict perspective on Association Football(Soccer) ExtrinsicRewards eg. i)Money ii)Power iii)Prestige
  • 34. Conflict perspective on Association Football(Soccer) Extrinsic Rewards - competition for and even conflict overthe attainment of these resources, - the increasing illegal use of performanceenhancing drugs such as steroids andamphetamines
  • 35. Conflict perspective on Association Football(Soccer) Extrinsic Rewards- people make money from football eg. i)Participate in betting ii)Coach make business from the football team or football players
  • 36. Conflict perspective on Association Football(Soccer)FURTHERMORE…
  • 37. Conflict perspective onAssociation Football(Soccer)  token millions and millions `have also been spent watching it.  short lived for some players who are pursuing that American dream, and may be forced into retirement with their bodies left mangled and used up
  • 38. Conflict perspective on Association Football(Soccer) Training camp leaving players - weak - tired - loss of appetite - takes a physical and mental toll on theathletes mind and bodies
  • 39. Conflict perspective on Association Football(Soccer) Gender inequality (men & women) to the obvious or hidden disparity between individuals due to gender. Women have never been actually equal to males from what has and is being occupied and allowed.
  • 40. Conflict perspective on Association Football(Soccer) Forexample as is seen in a sport like football – the average wage for top level male professional footballers is around £50,000 a week, in comparison to this the average top level female footballers make around £20,000 a Year.
  • 41. Conflict perspective on Association Football(Soccer)Unfairness of referee A referee is in charge of a game and tasked with the authority to make decisions about play so that it is maintained within the limits of the rules. Unfair referee- bias on players/teams
  • 42. Interactionist Perspective onAssociation Football (Soccer)
  • 43. Interactionist Perspective on Association Football (Soccer) Generalizes about everyday forms of social interaction to explain society as a whole. Spread through culture, food, lifestyle, fashion and etc.
  • 44. Interactionist Perspective on Association Football (Soccer) How Interactionist view Association Football(Soccer) Cards as a symbol to warn player Flag as a signal to show sanction Trophy as a reward for a season game Formation as guidance for winning
  • 45. Interactionist Perspective on Association Football (Soccer)Penalty(Sanctions) CardsYellow Card A yellow card show by a referee indicate that the player has been cautioned.
  • 46. Interactionist Perspective onAssociation Football (Soccer) Red Card A red card is shown by a referee tosignify that a player has been sent off.
  • 47. Interactionist Perspective onAssociation Football (Soccer) Flag Signal Signal for a stopage in a match. Watch for the Flag up!
  • 48. Interactionist Perspective onAssociation Football (Soccer) Signal for a throw-in. Watch for ball out-of- play and restarts.
  • 49. Interactionist Perspective onAssociation Football (Soccer) Signal for off-side in middle of field. Watch for off-sides.
  • 50. Interactionist Perspective on Association Football (Soccer) TrophyA team that get the highest mark inthe end of the season will claimed aEnglish Cup trophy as a reward. Itsymbolized the winner of the EnglishPremier League (EPL).
  • 51. Interactionist Perspective onAssociation Football (Soccer)
  • 52. Interactionist Perspective onAssociation Football (Soccer) FormationIn soccer, it is categorized into : Goalkeeper Defender Midfielder Striker
  • 53. Interactionist Perspective on Association Football (Soccer) GoalkeeperThe only player that can use his arms and handsto defend opponent scoring a goal.
  • 54. Interactionist Perspective onAssociation Football (Soccer) DefenderThe player whose primary role is to preventthe opposition from scoring a goal orattacking.
  • 55. Interactionist Perspective onAssociation Football (Soccer) MidfielderA player who generally operates in themiddle of the pitch providing a link betweendefense and attack and often helping outwith both duties.
  • 56. Interactionist Perspective onAssociation Football (Soccer) StrikerA forward player who is expected to score,and assist in scoring goals.
  • 57. Interactionist Perspective on Association Football (Soccer)All the player inside the formation have hisrole and behavior to prevent opponent scoringand help their team to win the match orseason.
  • 58. Conclusion Among all perspectives, we agree the most the perspective as a FunctionalistReasons:1. Recreation2. Ways to overcome stress3. Job Resources
  • 59. THE END
  • 60. Any Questions???