Sports
Objective• The ability to understand the three sociological  perspectives.•The ability to apply the three perspectives in ...
Group Members                          Rebecca Leong Zhi Ying       Ch’ng B’ao Zhong                            Mak Jiang ...
Introduction to Sports•What is Sports ?  -Sports origin from the word „desport‟ in Old French which  means „leisure‟ durin...
Introduction to Sports•An  sport is an organized, competitive, entertaining skillful activity requiring commitment, strate...
Introduction to SportsWhy is sports known as organized, competitive and entertainingevent?•Organized- Arrangement insystem...
Introduction to SportsCompetitive•Involving in competitionEntertaining•Provide amusement or enjoyment
Introduction to SportsCommitment•The act of binding yourself to a course of actionStrategy• “ If you fail to plan,    You ...
Introduction to SportsFair-play• With sanctions, winners  of the game is given  rewards
Introduction to Sports•Generally sports   is game based on physical athleticism•But, sports are divided into two groupsMin...
Introduction to            Association Football(Soccer)•   Soccer is a game in which two teams consist of    11 players tr...
Introduction to         Association Football(Soccer)•However , the goalkeeper is the only playerpermitted to handle the ba...
Introduction toAssociation Football(Soccer)
Introduction to            Association Football(Soccer)•Football  is the world‟s most popular ball game  in the means of n...
History of          Association Football(Soccer)•Modern soccer(current) originated   in Britain in the 19th century.•The f...
Functionalist Perspective onAssociation Football(Soccer)
Functionalist Perspective on           Association Football(Soccer)•   Functionalist Perspective:    -Emphasizes the way p...
Functionalist Perspective on       Association Football(Soccer)                        Human functionsManifest Function   ...
Functionalist Perspective on       Association Football(Soccer)Manifest Function• Recreation - Activity done for enjoyment...
Functionalist Perspective on        Association Football(Soccer)Manifest Function•Physical Conditioning - workouts that so...
Functionalist Perspective on        Association Football(Soccer)Manifest Function• Ways to overcome stress  - Exercises im...
Functionalist Perspective on        Association Football(Soccer)Latent Function• Social relationship - Collection of peopl...
Functionalist Perspective on        Association Football(Soccer)Latent Function•Encourage Competition - to promote the act...
Functionalist Perspective on        Association Football(Soccer)Latent Function•Job Resource - increase the employment rat...
Functionalist Perspective on       Association Football(Soccer)Dysfunctions•Injury -the fact of being harmed or damaged
CONFLICT PERSPECTIVEON ASSOCIATION FOOTBALL(SOCCER)
Conflict perspectiveAssumes  social behavior isbest understood in terms ofconflict or tension betweencompeting groups
Conflict perspective Focuses   on the negative, conflicted,  and ever-charging nature of society. Conflict theorists fin...
Conflict perspective on       Association Football(Soccer) Marxist  view: Conflict is part of  everyday life in all socie...
Conflict perspective on   Association Football(Soccer) Feminist  view: inequality treatment  in gender in group or societ...
Conflict perspective on     Association Football(Soccer) Winning - increasing the pressure of athletes will,also be a gre...
Conflict perspective on     Association Football(Soccer) Winning - the more qualified athletes will playmore, with the re...
Conflict perspective on     Association Football(Soccer) ExtrinsicRewards       eg. i)Money           ii)Power           ...
Conflict perspective on   Association Football(Soccer) Extrinsic Rewards - competition for and even conflict overthe atta...
Conflict perspective on      Association Football(Soccer) Extrinsic Rewards- people make money from football eg. i)Partic...
Conflict perspective on Association Football(Soccer)FURTHERMORE…
Conflict perspective onAssociation Football(Soccer)   token  millions and millions `have also    been spent watching it. ...
Conflict perspective on       Association Football(Soccer) Training   camp leaving players - weak - tired - loss of appet...
Conflict perspective on        Association Football(Soccer) Gender   inequality (men & women)   to the obvious or hidden...
Conflict perspective on        Association Football(Soccer) Forexample as is seen in a sport like football – the average ...
Conflict perspective on      Association Football(Soccer)Unfairness of referee A referee is in charge of a game and  task...
Interactionist Perspective onAssociation Football (Soccer)
Interactionist Perspective on    Association Football (Soccer) Generalizes about everyday forms of  social interaction to...
Interactionist Perspective on        Association Football (Soccer) How    Interactionist view Association    Football(Soc...
Interactionist Perspective on   Association Football (Soccer)Penalty(Sanctions) CardsYellow Card  A yellow card show by a ...
Interactionist Perspective onAssociation Football (Soccer)   Red Card A red card is shown by a referee tosignify that a pl...
Interactionist Perspective onAssociation Football (Soccer)           Flag Signal            Signal for a            stopag...
Interactionist Perspective onAssociation Football (Soccer)             Signal for a             throw-in.                W...
Interactionist Perspective onAssociation Football (Soccer)               Signal for               off-side in             ...
Interactionist Perspective on   Association Football (Soccer)   TrophyA team that get the highest mark inthe end of the se...
Interactionist Perspective onAssociation Football (Soccer)
Interactionist Perspective onAssociation Football (Soccer)     FormationIn soccer, it is categorized into : Goalkeeper D...
Interactionist Perspective on      Association Football (Soccer) GoalkeeperThe only player that can use his arms and hand...
Interactionist Perspective onAssociation Football (Soccer)  DefenderThe player whose primary role is to preventthe opposi...
Interactionist Perspective onAssociation Football (Soccer) MidfielderA player who generally operates in themiddle of the ...
Interactionist Perspective onAssociation Football (Soccer) StrikerA forward player who is expected to score,and assist in...
Interactionist Perspective on      Association Football (Soccer)All the player inside the formation have hisrole and behav...
Conclusion   Among all perspectives, we agree the most    the perspective as a FunctionalistReasons:1. Recreation2. Ways ...
THE END
Any Questions???
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Sociology presentation pics

  1. 1. Sports
  2. 2. Objective• The ability to understand the three sociological perspectives.•The ability to apply the three perspectives in understanding the role of sport game in society.•The ability to critically justify the perspective chosen
  3. 3. Group Members Rebecca Leong Zhi Ying Ch’ng B’ao Zhong Mak Jiang Zhen Sio Jun WeiElaine Khong Vin Yin
  4. 4. Introduction to Sports•What is Sports ? -Sports origin from the word „desport‟ in Old French which means „leisure‟ during 1400. -The Chinese uses the term,tiyu(体育) which connotes physical training -The meaning of sport „game involving physical exercise‟ firstly recorded in 1520‟s. -Sport can be defined as recreational activity; entertainment
  5. 5. Introduction to Sports•An sport is an organized, competitive, entertaining skillful activity requiring commitment, strategy and fair play.•Therefore, Sports: Event Requirement •Organized •Commitment •Competitive •Strategy •Entertaining •Fair play
  6. 6. Introduction to SportsWhy is sports known as organized, competitive and entertainingevent?•Organized- Arrangement insystematic ways
  7. 7. Introduction to SportsCompetitive•Involving in competitionEntertaining•Provide amusement or enjoyment
  8. 8. Introduction to SportsCommitment•The act of binding yourself to a course of actionStrategy• “ If you fail to plan, You plan to fail” , Benjamin Franklin
  9. 9. Introduction to SportsFair-play• With sanctions, winners of the game is given rewards
  10. 10. Introduction to Sports•Generally sports is game based on physical athleticism•But, sports are divided into two groupsMind-Sports Physical Athleticism•Board games and card •Physical events and games games e.g: American Football,e.g: Sudoku, Chess, etc… Association Football(soccer)
  11. 11. Introduction to Association Football(Soccer)• Soccer is a game in which two teams consist of 11 players tries to maneuver the ball into the opposing team‟s goal by using any part of their bodies except hand and arms.
  12. 12. Introduction to Association Football(Soccer)•However , the goalkeeper is the only playerpermitted to handle the ball within the penalty areasurrounding their own goals.
  13. 13. Introduction toAssociation Football(Soccer)
  14. 14. Introduction to Association Football(Soccer)•Football is the world‟s most popular ball game in the means of numbers of participants and spectators.•Due to the simplicity of soccer, football can be played anywhere, from official football playing fields to parks.•According to the Federation Internationale de Football Association(FIFA) , estimation of approximately 250 million football players and over 1.3 billion people “interested” in football at the turn of 21st century
  15. 15. History of Association Football(Soccer)•Modern soccer(current) originated in Britain in the 19th century.•The first uniform set of rules in soccer was set up in 1863.•During the medieval ages, “folk football” games had been played in towns and villages according to local‟s custom and minimum rules.
  16. 16. Functionalist Perspective onAssociation Football(Soccer)
  17. 17. Functionalist Perspective on Association Football(Soccer)• Functionalist Perspective: -Emphasizes the way parts of a society are structured to maintain its stability. -Each aspect of society is interdependent and contributes to society‟s functioning as a whole.
  18. 18. Functionalist Perspective on Association Football(Soccer) Human functionsManifest Function Latent Function• Open, stated , •Hidden, Non- conscious functions stated functions•Intentional and •Unintended and obvious not obvious Dysfunctions •Element or processes of society that may disrupt a social system or its stability
  19. 19. Functionalist Perspective on Association Football(Soccer)Manifest Function• Recreation - Activity done for enjoyment when one is not working or studying
  20. 20. Functionalist Perspective on Association Football(Soccer)Manifest Function•Physical Conditioning - workouts that someone puts himself through to be in shape for the specified sport.
  21. 21. Functionalist Perspective on Association Football(Soccer)Manifest Function• Ways to overcome stress - Exercises improves blood flow to the brain, which increase alpha brain waves associated with relaxation which then reduce blood pressure and muscle tension.
  22. 22. Functionalist Perspective on Association Football(Soccer)Latent Function• Social relationship - Collection of people who interact with each other and share similar characteristics and a sense of unity
  23. 23. Functionalist Perspective on Association Football(Soccer)Latent Function•Encourage Competition - to promote the action of participating in such events
  24. 24. Functionalist Perspective on Association Football(Soccer)Latent Function•Job Resource - increase the employment rate of the certain country, thus attract investors to invest.
  25. 25. Functionalist Perspective on Association Football(Soccer)Dysfunctions•Injury -the fact of being harmed or damaged
  26. 26. CONFLICT PERSPECTIVEON ASSOCIATION FOOTBALL(SOCCER)
  27. 27. Conflict perspectiveAssumes social behavior isbest understood in terms ofconflict or tension betweencompeting groups
  28. 28. Conflict perspective Focuses on the negative, conflicted, and ever-charging nature of society. Conflict theorists find social conflict between any groups in which the potential for inequality exists. Eg: racial, gender, religious, political, economic, and so on.
  29. 29. Conflict perspective on Association Football(Soccer) Marxist view: Conflict is part of everyday life in all societies eg. When the athletes have differentopinion, they start to fight with each other.
  30. 30. Conflict perspective on Association Football(Soccer) Feminist view: inequality treatment in gender in group or society. eg. There has a name call WomenFIFA World Cup for women footballbut do not has Men FIFA World Cup.
  31. 31. Conflict perspective on Association Football(Soccer) Winning - increasing the pressure of athletes will,also be a greater fear of failure, - degradation ceremonies and cooling-outprocedures that athletes experience if theydo not win or do not perform at expectedlevels,
  32. 32. Conflict perspective on Association Football(Soccer) Winning - the more qualified athletes will playmore, with the result that the less qualifiedathletes will end up
  33. 33. Conflict perspective on Association Football(Soccer) ExtrinsicRewards eg. i)Money ii)Power iii)Prestige
  34. 34. Conflict perspective on Association Football(Soccer) Extrinsic Rewards - competition for and even conflict overthe attainment of these resources, - the increasing illegal use of performanceenhancing drugs such as steroids andamphetamines
  35. 35. Conflict perspective on Association Football(Soccer) Extrinsic Rewards- people make money from football eg. i)Participate in betting ii)Coach make business from the football team or football players
  36. 36. Conflict perspective on Association Football(Soccer)FURTHERMORE…
  37. 37. Conflict perspective onAssociation Football(Soccer)  token millions and millions `have also been spent watching it.  short lived for some players who are pursuing that American dream, and may be forced into retirement with their bodies left mangled and used up
  38. 38. Conflict perspective on Association Football(Soccer) Training camp leaving players - weak - tired - loss of appetite - takes a physical and mental toll on theathletes mind and bodies
  39. 39. Conflict perspective on Association Football(Soccer) Gender inequality (men & women) to the obvious or hidden disparity between individuals due to gender. Women have never been actually equal to males from what has and is being occupied and allowed.
  40. 40. Conflict perspective on Association Football(Soccer) Forexample as is seen in a sport like football – the average wage for top level male professional footballers is around £50,000 a week, in comparison to this the average top level female footballers make around £20,000 a Year.
  41. 41. Conflict perspective on Association Football(Soccer)Unfairness of referee A referee is in charge of a game and tasked with the authority to make decisions about play so that it is maintained within the limits of the rules. Unfair referee- bias on players/teams
  42. 42. Interactionist Perspective onAssociation Football (Soccer)
  43. 43. Interactionist Perspective on Association Football (Soccer) Generalizes about everyday forms of social interaction to explain society as a whole. Spread through culture, food, lifestyle, fashion and etc.
  44. 44. Interactionist Perspective on Association Football (Soccer) How Interactionist view Association Football(Soccer) Cards as a symbol to warn player Flag as a signal to show sanction Trophy as a reward for a season game Formation as guidance for winning
  45. 45. Interactionist Perspective on Association Football (Soccer)Penalty(Sanctions) CardsYellow Card A yellow card show by a referee indicate that the player has been cautioned.
  46. 46. Interactionist Perspective onAssociation Football (Soccer) Red Card A red card is shown by a referee tosignify that a player has been sent off.
  47. 47. Interactionist Perspective onAssociation Football (Soccer) Flag Signal Signal for a stopage in a match. Watch for the Flag up!
  48. 48. Interactionist Perspective onAssociation Football (Soccer) Signal for a throw-in. Watch for ball out-of- play and restarts.
  49. 49. Interactionist Perspective onAssociation Football (Soccer) Signal for off-side in middle of field. Watch for off-sides.
  50. 50. Interactionist Perspective on Association Football (Soccer) TrophyA team that get the highest mark inthe end of the season will claimed aEnglish Cup trophy as a reward. Itsymbolized the winner of the EnglishPremier League (EPL).
  51. 51. Interactionist Perspective onAssociation Football (Soccer)
  52. 52. Interactionist Perspective onAssociation Football (Soccer) FormationIn soccer, it is categorized into : Goalkeeper Defender Midfielder Striker
  53. 53. Interactionist Perspective on Association Football (Soccer) GoalkeeperThe only player that can use his arms and handsto defend opponent scoring a goal.
  54. 54. Interactionist Perspective onAssociation Football (Soccer) DefenderThe player whose primary role is to preventthe opposition from scoring a goal orattacking.
  55. 55. Interactionist Perspective onAssociation Football (Soccer) MidfielderA player who generally operates in themiddle of the pitch providing a link betweendefense and attack and often helping outwith both duties.
  56. 56. Interactionist Perspective onAssociation Football (Soccer) StrikerA forward player who is expected to score,and assist in scoring goals.
  57. 57. Interactionist Perspective on Association Football (Soccer)All the player inside the formation have hisrole and behavior to prevent opponent scoringand help their team to win the match orseason.
  58. 58. Conclusion Among all perspectives, we agree the most the perspective as a FunctionalistReasons:1. Recreation2. Ways to overcome stress3. Job Resources
  59. 59. THE END
  60. 60. Any Questions???
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