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Gingivitis
Gingivitis
Gingivitis
Gingivitis
Gingivitis
Gingivitis
Gingivitis
Gingivitis
Gingivitis
Gingivitis
Gingivitis
Gingivitis
Gingivitis
Gingivitis
Gingivitis
Gingivitis
Gingivitis
Gingivitis
Gingivitis
Gingivitis
Gingivitis
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Gingivitis

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gingivitis

gingivitis

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  • 1. GASTROINTESTINALCARE OF CLIENT WITH GINGIVITS
  • 2. What is gingivitis? Gingivitis is mild gum disease. It is an infection caused by germs called bacteria, that hurts your gums. Occurs when buildup of plaque (sticky film) on teeth and gums. Plaque contains bacteria that can irritate your gums, and cause an infection
  • 3.  Not brushing or flossing your teeth every day, or cleaning your teeth well enough to remove plaque Not visiting your dentist regularly for exams and cleanings Pregnancy, diabetes, HIV infection, and diseases that decrease your immune system Your bodys immune system fights off infection
  • 4.  Smoking or chewing tobacco, poor diet, and stress Taking certain types of medicines such as steroids, drugs that treat depression, and birth control pills
  • 5.  Having dental problems that make it hard to remove plaque. This may include bridges or dentures that do not fit right, and crooked teeth Getting older, and having a family history of gum disease
  • 6.  Red, swollen gums. Gums may or may not be painful. Gums may bleed when brush or floss your teeth. Halitosis (bad breath) is worse if have gingivitis.
  • 7.  Dentist will check gums for swelling and redness. Dentist will also use a dental probe (metal tool) to check for bleeding. X-rays (pictures) may be taken of your mouth and teeth.
  • 8.  Dentist may need to remove plaque and calculus (hard plaque) from teeth with special tools. Dentist may also need to treat any dental problem that make it hard to clean teeth well Clean teeth very well every day to remove plaque A battery-powered toothbrush may remove plaque better than a regular toothbrush.
  • 9.  Floss teeth every day. Use a special dental rinse. These special rinses may help to reduce plaque and decrease swelling of gums. Stop smoking. Smoking increases risk of getting periodontitis, which can occur if gingivitis gets worse. Smoking also decreases how well treatments for gum disease work.
  • 10.  Brush teeth two times a day after meals with fluoride toothpaste Use dental floss to clean between teeth at least once a day Ask dentist if should use a dental rinse, and what kind may work best See dentist regularly for dental cleanings and oral exams. Ask dentist how often should see him for dental cleanings and exams
  • 11.  Recurrence of gingivitis Tooth loss Periodontitis Infection or abscess of the gingiva or the jaw Bones Trench mouth (bacterial infection and ulceration of the gums
  • 12.  Nursing Care Plans Diagnosis : Impaired Oral mucous membrane Client Outcomes: a)Maintains intact, moist oral mucous membranes that are free of ulceration and debris b) Describes or demonstrates measures to regain or maintain intact oral mucous membranes
  • 13.  Encourage fluid intake up to 3000 ml per day if not contraindicated by clients medical condition Fluids help increase moisture in the mouth, which protects the mucous membranes from damage and helps the healing process. Keep lips well lubricated using petroleum jelly or a similar product .
  • 14.  Nursing diagnosis: Risk of imbalanced nutrition related disease process Expected outcome: Maintain the nutrition status
  • 15.  Assess caregiver’s and client’s knowledge of nutritional needs. Offer or provide assistance in menu selection. Provide privacy when eating habits become an insoluble problem. Offer small meals and/or snacks of one or two foods around the clock, as indicated Anticipate needs, cut foods, and provide soft or finger foods. Refer to dietitian or nutritionist, as indicated.
  • 16.  Nursing diagnosis : fear and anxiety related to decrease in functional abilities Expected outcomes : Fear Level Decreases Demonstrate more appropriate range of feelings and lessened fear
  • 17.  Note change of behavior, suspiciousness, irritability, and defensiveness. Identify strengths the individual had previously. Deal with aggressive behavior by imposing calm, firm limits. Provide clear, honest information about actions and events. Discuss feelings of SO and caregivers. Acknowledge normalcy of feelings and concerns and provide information as needed.
  • 18.  The conclusion is very important to maintain the healthy teeth and beautiful smile Prevent plaque from appearing at the gums and teeth that will cause gingivitis or periodontitis Brushing and flushing are very important to prevent any formation of the hard plaque ,infection and inflammation for a good and healthy mouth

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