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# Antenna Presentation

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• Blind children do not need to learn how to “tell” time. They need to learn how to sense it. BC can’t rely on vision to re-enforce the experience of time, they need an audio or tactile re-enforcement. Children with vision aren’t taught explicitly about the elapse of time. They are expected to take the mental leap themselves between watching the hands on the clock move as a conceptual movement through time and space.
• ### Antenna Presentation

1. 1. Challenge How do you teach a blind child time?
2. 2. Why do we teach kids to tell time? Arithmetic Create order and routine
3. 3. How do we teach kids to tell time? Learning to tell time involves: recognizing numbers counting up to sixty by ones counting by fives understanding fractions such as one-half hour, quarter, etc. distinguishing between the big hand and the little hand
4. 4. What is time (for a child)? Telling time is fundamentally a division problem - you are dividing up chunks of time and assigning a label to it. It is also an abstract concept that the child is not taught, but is expected to understand once they are given the tools for the telling of time. Time is imposed upon you by grown-ups.
5. 5. Other time telling toys Online and Visual math games Focus: Arithmetic, analog versus digital, time-telling
6. 6. How do we teach blind children about time? Reading vs Sensing Audio/tactile re-enforcement
7. 7. What and how do we want to teach children about time? Create a positive relationship to time. Focus on experiencing time. Empower the child with the ability to measure time. Reenforce routine and order. Time is wonderfun.
8. 8. Inspiration
9. 9. The Question = The Solution A toy that encourage a child’s understanding and experience of time asks: How long does it take to do XXXX?
10. 10. . The interface
11. 11. Example file:///Volumes/Macintosh%20HD/Users/hanachan/ITP/time/time_wk1.html .