Planning is a forethought. It means deciding
in advance what to do how to do and when to
Planning is a mental activity.
Planning is goal-oriented.
Planning is a primary function.
Planning is all-pervasive.
Planning is a continuous process.
Influence of external factors.
Lack of accuracy.
Focuses attention on objectives and result
Reduces uncertainty and risk
Provides sense of direction
Encourages innovation and creativity
Helps in co-ordination
Provide efficiency in operation.
The main step in planning process are as
follow:Step 1- IDENTIFY ISSUES & SET GOALS
Step 2- DEVELOPING PREMISES
Step 3- CONSIDER ALTERNATIVE
step 4- EVALUATING ALTERNATIVE
Step 5- SELECTING AN ALTERNATIVE
Step 6- IMPLEMENT PLAN
Step 7- FOLLOW UP ACTION
Established on 2nd October 1961.
It started with 19 vessels.
Its fleets include :
bulk carriers, container ships, oil tankers,
passenger-cum-cargo ships, etc.
They are committed to be the flag bearers of
They focus on modernization, expansion and
diversification of its fleet.
They are also interested in setting up joint