Literature study sports complex
Literature study sports complex
•A sports complex is an enclosed area, often circular or ovalshaped, designed to showcase and practice of various sports events.
•Sports complex will have a stadium complex that is to be the most
modern and advance which will be able to facilitate international sports
•It will have a dedicated cricket stadium , an outdoor multipurpose
stadium for sports like football and rugby.
An indoor multi-purpose stadium for sports like basketball swimming
pool , skating rink ,volleyball and a dedicated hockey stadium.
Literature study sports complex
In relation to a city a sports complex must fit in well with the following
• local topography
•Closeness to industrial area
•As a rule the stadium is partly below the ground lvl with the excavated
earth heaped up around it.
•The size of the inner sports field can be based loosely on the size of a
football pitch .
•For athletics stadium there should be a running track surrounding the
BASIC REQUIREMNTS OF A SPORTS COMPLEX
• Full provision for all field events
• A separate warming-up area (desirable)
• Changing and washing facilities for 200 athletes in the proportion two-thirds
male to one-third female
• Additional separate changing accommodation for boys and girls is desirable
• A covered stand to seat least 2000 spectators.
• Appropriate toilet and car parking facilities.
• An announcer’s box and provision for the press, broadcasting and television
• Officials’ room
• Equipment rooms and store
• The perimeter of the track not covered by the stand should, if possible, be
terraced to provide further spectator
ORIENTATION OF THE STADIUM
•The orientation of the the ancient stadiums were determined by the variable
timing of the contest .
•Axes ran from west to east or north to south.
•In present time the main axis is usually north-east to south-west to avoid
direct sunlight .
•Access gates are situated to the east
•Turnstiles are provided so as to direct the stream of visitors to the various
stadium entry points.
TYPES OF SEATING
Seating with backs, fixed and fold-up
•Row width 780–800mm recommended
•Minimum clear seatway 305 mm
•Width of seats 460–500mm for seats without arms
500mm for seats with arms
Benches without backs.
•Row width 610mm min recommended
•Minimum clear seatway 400mm
•Width of seats 460–500mm
•These allow closer spacing but are less
SIGHT OF SPECTATOR
The sight of spectator is determined by the following principal factors :
The assumed constant of ‘the crown’, i.e. the distance from the eye to
the top of the head which is known as the C value
The tread depth or seating row depth
The point of focus (the middle of the innermost athletics track or the
near touchline in football or rugby)
The height of the spectator’s eye in the first row
Pool capacities may be determined by dividing the water
surface area by 2. Thus a 25 x 13 m pool can accommodate
to reasonable comfort standards 325 ÷ 2 = 162 bathers.
Changing cubicles, lockers and car parking provision can be
based upon the same analysis plus the following allowances:
• Locker allowance based upon pool capacity, with a further
162 changing = 324 lockers, usually in two- to three-tier
• Changing cubicle provision may be based upon a time
factor of 5–10-minute occupation per bather. Thus in any
one hour 162 bathers in the pool plus a further 162
changing ready to enter the pool = 324 bathers ÷ 10 minutes
= 32 cubicles
• Car parking provision may be calculated thus: 324
bathers, 3 persons per car average = 101 spaces + a further
allowance for staff, disabled, etc., say 125–150 spaces.
Traditional layout of changing rooms
EXITS FROM SPORTS GROUNDS
Large numbers of spectators in sports
grounds are a source of
danger to themselves, particularly
• Tripping, slipping and falling
• Crowd pressure on terraces and exits
• Fire and chaos.
All spectators should be able to leave a sports ground within 8minutes.
• If there are combustible stands (such as constructed of
timber) spectators must be able to be cleared from them within 2½ Minutes.
•An exit or escape route be less than 1.1 m wide, minimum headroom 2.4 m
•No flight should have less than three or more
than 16 risers and two flights with more than 12 risers should have a turn
•Ramps should not be be steeper than 10 per cent ( 1:10 )
DHYANCHAND national STADIUM
The stadium was a
venue for the 2010
Games for the
Located in central
mathura rd and
purana qila rd.
- Patiala house
-india gate pragati
Case study 1
MAJOR DHYAN CHAND STADIUM
DHYAN CHAND NATIONAL
STADIUM IS A FIELD
HOCKEY STADIUM AT NEW
It is named after former
famous Indian field hockey
player, Dhyan Chand.
• Talkatora Indoor Stadium is an indoor stadium located in New
• Capacity - 3035 people
• The stadium was a venue for the 2010 Commonwealth Games for
the event of boxing.
• Project: M/S Raja Aederi Consultant Pvt. Ltd.
Case study 2
Three entries to site:
o Administrative block
o Boxing Stadium
o Main sewer along Park Street.
o Covered drains for storm water run off
throughout the site.
o 2 underground water tanks for rain
Total area of the complex: 12.13
Total built up area : 3.7 acres
Plans : Indoor Stadium
• Boxers will reach the ring from an
underground tunnel (30.5 feet)
inside the players facility
centre, walking a total of 60 steps.
• Roof is at the level of ground and
can bear a load of a 40 ton fire
• Cost of construction 25 lakh
It houses air-conditioning plants, hydro pneumatic
water supply system, emergency generating sets,
fire fighting pumps and an underground water tank.
Lighting and illumintion
60 solar energy lights in the compound of Talkatora Indoor Stadium. These lights are made of Light Emission Diode chip
which consumes minimum energy. The 60 Watt of LED lights provides more illumination than 400 Watt of sodium vapour
lamps. The average life time of each LED light is 50,000 hours and due to their advanced technology these lights require
very little maintenance as well
The stadium has:
• one competition ring
• four warm-up areas
• a tunnel to facilitate movement of the athletes from the Facility Block to the
• acoustic ceiling of dome,
• scoreboard, video screens
• sports lighting.
• 184 CCTV cameras,
• a media centre with computers,
• anti-doping centre,
• separate rooms for boxers with a bed, a cupboard and a rack.
• A number of environment-friendly material and energy-efficient devices
have been used in this block to make it a green building. The venue has
been redesigned and oriented in such a way so as to take advantage of
solar angles and wind direction. The roof of the stadium will also have solar