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By Dana Rotman and Jenny Preece

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  • Mixed method study, survey of 142 people, who we reached through the EOL mailing list, personal invitations, social media – twitter, facebook18 interviews with people who completed the survey, but also personal contacts, some here at the open u.
  • Participation in social activities stems from personal and collective reasons
  • Self identified as scientists and volunteers. At the outset we saw no significant difference between scientists and citizen scientists as far as altruism, principlaism and egoism go, and a very significant difference as far as collectivism goes, meaning that citizen scientists actually saw a lot more benefit in their work to their communities, than scientists saw collaboration with CS as less benefitting their community. Egoism was also somewhat differnet between the two population. We explored these differences in qualitative interviews.
  • Here are some of the things that came up under the cycle, and Illl talk about them it detail.
  • Biotracker

    1. 1. Understanding motivational aspects of collaboration between scientists and citizen scientists – Citizen Science & Biodiversity: Meeting at the crossroads October 21, 2011
    2. 2. Scientists and enthusiasts"Scientists often have an aversion to what nonscientists say about science” (Salk, 1986)Collaboration is based on several factors:• Shared vocabulary, practices, and meanings• Mutual recognition of knowledge, competency, and prestige• Motivation to collaborate
    3. 3. Research questions• What are the major motivational factors affecting volunteers and scientists engagement in citizen science projects?• What are the major motivational barriers to such collaboration?
    4. 4. Motivations for participation Collectivism Egoism Principalism Altruism Batson, Ahmad, Tsang, 2002
    5. 5. Scientists and volunteers motivationsfor scientific collaboration 5Motivational level - Likert scale 4 3 Scientists 2 Volunteers n = 142 1 0 Altruism Collectivism Principalism Egoism Motivational Factors
    6. 6. Motivational factors affectingcitizen scientists participation• Initial interest• Recognition and attribution• Feedback• Community involvement• Advocacy
    7. 7. The motivational cycleNo continuedrecognition = Personal interest Scientists – decline in need for data Initial/ongoing motivation egoism Continued involvement Ongoing attribution, inclusion in scientific Initial involvement work/products, communit Interest, thirst for y involvement, advocacy knowledge Egoism, coll ectivism, alt Active collaboration ruism egoism Without Training, attribution, scientists recognition = Scientists –altruistic support recognition loss of for public motivation education
    8. 8. Obstacles to collaboration• Mutual apprehension• Lack of trust (“quality control”)• Not acknowledging motivational factors
    9. 9. What next?• Interventions through design changes: – Variations on feedback – Designing for locality – Matching people and tasks – Breaking down projects to smaller “building blocks” – Synergy of small scale projects
    10. 10. Questions?