Teams are more flexible and responsive to changes in the environment.
Teams facilitate employee involvement.
Teams are an effective way to democratize an organization and increase motivation.
Team Versus Group: What’s the Difference? Work Group A group that interacts primarily to share information and to make decisions to help each group member perform within his or her area of responsibility. Work Team A group whose individual efforts result in a performance that is greater than the sum of the individual inputs.
Comparing Work Groups and Work Teams E X H I B I T 10 –1
Types of Teams Problem-Solving Teams Groups of 5 to 12 employees from the same department who meet for a few hours each week to discuss ways of improving quality, efficiency, and the work environment. Self-Managed Work Teams Groups of 10 to 15 people who take on the responsibilities of their former supervisors.
Effects of Group Processes + MINUS = E X H I B I T 10 –5 Goal: Maximize Process Gains While Minimizing Process Losses!
Creating Effective Teams: Diversity Group Demography The degree to which members of a group share a common demographic attribute, such as age, sex, race, educational level, or length of service in the organization, and the impact of this attribute on turnover. Cohorts Individuals who, as part of a group, hold a common attribute.
If you were asked to choose people from your class right now to make up a team for a class project, list five individuals you would choose.
Chapter Check-Up: Teams Now that you have your list, consider what the composition of your team would look like. How much diversity would there be? Given what we learned in this chapter, what would the pros and cons of your composition be?
Chapter Check-Up: Teams Conflict can be both good and bad. Task conflict is beneficial for a team because it helps protect against groupthink. Relationship conflict is bad for a team’s morale. What, specifically, can you do to create task conflict in a group? Think about the reality of trying to “stir the pot”… and write down a phrase you could say (e.g., you would feel comfortable saying to your peers) to create task conflict.