Geog r aphy of Ancient Rome• At the base of Italy’s two mountain ranges(The Alps and the Apennines) lie fertile regions,such as the Latium plain.• Italy’s fertile plains were well used by local farmers asWell as colonists from ancient Greece• The city of Rome was founded on seven hills. Theyhelped to protect it from attack. The nearby Latium plain provided Fertile farmland
The Rise of the Roman Republic• After about 509 B.C. Rome’s citizens created a republic in which citizens elected leaders to run the government. Wealthy patrician citizens had more power than plebeians citizens• The republic of Rome was divided into 3 main branches- The Senate, the citizen assembly, and the consuls.• Defeating Carthage in the Punic Wars made Rome theleading power in the Mediterranean region by 202 B.C.
The Roman Empire Julius Caesar became dictator of Rome in 45 B.C. He was killed by senators opposed to his rule on the Ides of March in 44 B.C. Under Augustus, around 27 B.C., the Roman empire began a 200-year period of peace and active trade called the Pax Romana. Roman religion shared many similarities with that of ancient Greece. Romans also worshiped Egyptian and Persian gods and godesses
Daily Life in Pompeii Guard dogs were sometimes kept chained to a door to warn thieves not to enter Makeup kits included white powdered chalk, red ocher (iron dust), and ash. Perfume was another popular item among the women of Rome. Wealthy Roman women wore different kinds of jewelry. Some also had their ears pierced On August 24, in the year of 79 A.D., mount Vesuvius
Domes And Arches A dome is a curved roof that looks like a bowl turned upside down. A dome can cover a huge space without any supports. An arch is a curved structure used as a building support
Beginnings of Christianity The life and teachings of Jesus are recorded in the new testament of the Christian bible. The new testament says that the followers of Jesus believed that he was the Messiah. Two of Jesus’ followers, peter and paul, helped to spread Christianity throughout the roman world
The Decline of the Roman Empire Invasions, tax collection problems, and other factors weakened the Roman empire in the A.D. 200s. Rome has left legacies of government, language, and architecture. While the eastern empire continued to live on, the western empire collapsed in the 400s.