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Spectrum fee based on bandwidth license approach

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Spectrum fee based on bandwidth license approach submited on Convergence Working Group, AWF-9

Spectrum fee based on bandwidth license approach submited on Convergence Working Group, AWF-9

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  • 1. ASIA-PACIFIC TELECOMMUNITY The 9th Meeting of the APT Wireless Forum (AWF-9) Document AWF-9/INP-70 13 – 16 September 2010, Seoul, Republic of Korea 13 September 2010 SPECTRUM FEE BASED ON BANDWIDTH LICENSE APPROACH by PT Telekomunikasi Indonesia Contact: ARIEF HAMDANI GUNAWAN Tel: Fax: PT Telekomunikasi Indonesia Email:
  • 2. AWF-9/INP-70 Spectrum Fee S t F Based on Bandwidth License Approach Arief Hamdani Gunawan Senior Officer – Telematics Regulation Proposal The 9th Meeting of the APT Wireless Forum (AWF-9) Seoul, 13-16 September 2010 Agenda • Telkom Indonesia • Spectrum Fee Regime in Indonesia – Apparatus-License-Based Fee – Bandwidth-License-Based Fee • Bandwidth Approaches – Network Capacity and Scarcity Resources – Exponential Growth in Wireless Communications – P f Performance P User b Format Per U by F t – Urban and Rural Phenomena – Future Bandwidth Deployment Page 1 of 10 1
  • 3. AWF-9/INP-70 TELKOM INDONESIA Telkom is the largest telecommunication company and  TELKOM is listed at  network provider in Indonesia, owned by the  Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX), New  Government of Indonesia and Public.  Government of Indonesia and Public York Stock Exchange (NYSE), London  York Stock Exchange (NYSE) London (Total shares = 20,159,999,280, including 1 Dwiwarna share series A) Stock Exchange (LSE) and also Publicly Offering Without Listing (POWL) at  as of  December 31, 2009  Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE) Government 52.47% 10,320,470,712 shares Public 47.53% 9,348,954,068 shares Treasury Stock 490,574,500 shares Among The biggest public listed company in Indonesia 1 3 Telkom and Subsidiaries (ownership) Government Public/Listed of Indonesia 52.47% 47. 53% Consolidated 65% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 99.99% (Cellular) (Telco Equipment) (Tower business) (IT Services) (Multimedia) (Edutainment) (Property & construction) (International business) 65% 60% 80% 75% 100% 15.86% 100% 100% AWI B.V Unconsolidated 40% 25% 22.38% 5% 2.11% (Fixed Line) (VSAT) (VSAT) (Satellite) (Telco. construction& maintenance) 3 Page 2 of 10 2
  • 4. AWF-9/INP-70 Indonesian Telco Industry Q1/2010 11 Operators and 12 Services Cellular Cellular Cellular Cellular Cellular Cellular Cellular Cellular FWA FWA FWA FWA Penetration over population 234 Mil : 91% Total: 213.8Mil Limited: 28 2Mil 28.2Mil Starone Hepi p Full: 177.3Mil 2% 1% Wireline: 8.4JMil Other 13% Fixed  Limited  0.4 Mil XL Wireline Mobility 0.7 Mil Telkomsel 4% 13% Esia 19% 46% 40% 23.6 Mil Flexi 57% Indosat 32.6 Mil 22% 11.2 Mil 81.9 Mil Full  Mobility bili 15.9 Mil Full Mobility (177.3 Mil): 83% Limited Mobility/CDMA (28.2 1. Telkomsel (GSM) 39.1 Mil 2. Indosat (GSM) Mil): 3. Excelcomindo (GSM) 1. Telkom (Flexi) 4. Mobile 8 (CDMA) 2. Indosat (Starone) 5. Sampoerna (CDMA) 3. Bakrie (Esia) 6. Sinarmas (CDMA) 4. Mobile 8 (Hepi) 7. Hutchinson (GSM) 8. Natrindo (GSM) 4 5 Apparatus-License-Based Fee • More beneficial for Operator, who has slower expansion of BTS • Operator , who expand faster pay more than the Operator who expand slower. This could cause the discourage of the development • Each apparatus/Tx in radio station/BTS has each related license. • Case for CDMA/GSM Operator and BWA Operator: – 450 – 457.5 / 460 – 467.5 450 MHz (CDMA 450) – 824.265 – 844.515 / 869.265 – 889.515 800 MHz (CDMA 800) – 890 – 915 / 935 – 960 900 MHz (GSM900) MH – 1710 – 1785 / 1805 – 1880 1800 MHz (GSM 1800) – 3300 – 3400 3.3 GHz (BWA TDD) 5 Page 3 of 10 3
  • 5. AWF-9/INP-70 450 MHz (CDMA 450) and800 MHz (CDMA 800) 5 Operators • 450.00 – 457.50 / 460.00 – 467.50 PT Sampoerna Telekomunikasi Indonesia • 824.265 – 829.185 / 869.265 - 874.185 PT Telekomunikasi Indonesia, Tbk (region A) • 824.265 – 829.185 / 869.265 - 874.185 PT Bakrie Telecom, Tbk (region B) • 830.415 – 834.105 / 875.415 - 879.105 PT Telekomunikasi Indonesia, Tbk (region B) • 830.415 – 834.105 / 875.415 - 879.105 PT Bakrie Telecom, Tbk (region A) • 835.905 – 840.825 / 880.905 - 885.825 PT Mobile-8 Telecom, Tbk • 842.055 – 844.515 / 887.055 - 889.515 PT Indosat, Tbk 8 900 MHz (GSM900) 3 Operators • 890 – 900 / 935 – 945 PT Indosat • 900.0 – 907.5 / 945 – 952,5 PT Telkomsel • 907.5 – 915 / 952.5 - 960 PT XL Axiata 6 Page 4 of 10 4
  • 6. AWF-9/INP-70 1800 MHz (GSM 1800) 5 Operators • 1710 0 – 1717 5 / 1805 – 1812 5 1710.0 1717.5 1812.5 PT Excelcomindo • 1717.5 – 1722.5 / 1812.5 – 1817.5 PT Indosat • 1722.5 – 1730.0 / 1817.5 – 1825.0 PT Telkomsel • 1730.0 – 1745.0 / 1825.0 – 1840.0 PT NTS • 1745.0 – 1750.0 / 1840.0 – 1845.0 PT Telkomsel • 1750 0 – 1765 0 / 1845 0 – 1860 0 1750.0 1765.0 1845.0 1860.0 PT Indosat • 1765.0 – 1775.0 / 1860.0 – 1870.0 PT Telkomsel • 1775.0 – 1785.0 / 1870.0 – 1880.0 PT HCPT 7 3.3 GHz Blocks 8 Blocks – 12.5 MHz Block Allocation (GHz) • 3.4 - 3.6 GHz: migrate to 3.3 GHz (TDD) 1 3.300 3.3125 3 300 – 3 3125 2 3312.5 – 3.325 • 3.3 GHz: FDD to TDD 3 3.325 – 3.375 • 8 operators (in 15 zones): 4 3.375 – 3.350 – JASNIKOM 5 3.350 – 3.3625 – LINTASARTA 6 3.3625 – 3.375 – IM2 7 3.375 – 3.3875 – STARKOM 8 3.3875 3.400 3 3875 – 3 400 – TELKOM – RABIK – CSM – REKAJASA AKSES 9 Page 5 of 10 5
  • 7. AWF-9/INP-70 Bandwidth-License-Based Fee • Benefits to operators that have aggressively invested in expanding coverage. • Bandwidth licensees need an exclusive right so they can flexibly deploy their networks anywhere any time • Cellular spectrum is scarce. • The State and community should not subsidize business. • Bandwidth licenses may give technology neutrality and flexibility to change and upgrade technology • Case for UMTS (WCDMA) Operator and BWA Operator: – 1920 – 1965 / 2110 – 2155 UMTS (WCDMA) 2100 – 2360 – 2390 BWA (TDD) 10 UMTS (WCDMA) 2100 operators 6 Operators • 1983 5 - 1990 /1903 75 – 1910 1983.5 /1903.75 PT. PT SMART TELECOM • 2110 - 2115 /1920 – 1925 PT. HCPT • 2120 - 2125 /1930 – 1935 PT. NTS (AXIS) • 2125 – 2130 /1935 – 1940 PT. TELKOMSEL • 2130 - 2135 /1940 – 1945 PT. TELKOMSEL • 2140 – 2145 /1950 – 1955 PT. PT INDOSAT • 2145 – 2150 /1955 – 1960 PT. INDOSAT • 2150 - 2155 /1960 – 1965 PT. XL AXIATA 11 Page 6 of 10 6
  • 8. AWF-9/INP-70 2.3 GHz Allocation 3 from 15 Blocks – 15 and 10 MHz Block Allocation (GHz) • 2390 – 2400 MHz: USO (Universal Service 1 2.300 2.305 2 300 – 2 305 2 2.305 – 2.310 Obligation) 3 2.310 – 2.315 4 2.315 – 2.320 5 2.320 – 2.325 • 2360 – 2390 MHz: e-auction 6 2.325 – 2.330 • 5 Operators (in 15 zones): 7 2.330 – 2.335 8 2.335 – 2340 – BERCA 9 2.340 – 2.345 – TELKOM O 10 2.345 – 2.350 11 2.350 – 2.355 – FIRST MEDIA 12 2.355 – 2.360 – IM2 13 2.360 – 2375 14 2.375 – 2.390 – JASNITA 15 2.390 – 2.400 12 Network Capacity and Scarcity Resources • Estimating Network Capacity: Network capacity is a direct function of – Bandwidth – Signal-to-noise ratio • This will require an appropriate and coordinated action also on radio spectrum issues. • Spectrum is a scarce resource and we all agree that an efficient use of the radio bandwidth becoming available with the switch g to digital technologies, the so-called digital dividend, and other coordinated actions are needed to allow better and more innovative mobile services. 13 Page 7 of 10 7
  • 9. AWF-9/INP-70 Exponential Growth in Wireless Communications What is enabling the apparent exponential growth in wireless communications? The capacity of a system to deliver services is defined by three main factors: • The bandwidth of the available radio spectrum – in MHz • The efficient use of that spectrum – bits / second / hertz • The number of cells – this equates to spectrum reuse 14 Performance Per User by Format 15 Page 8 of 10 8
  • 10. AWF-9/INP-70 Two Broadband Opportunities: Urban and Rural 16 LTE for Urban Capacity and Rural Coverage… 17 Page 9 of 10 9
  • 11. AWF-9/INP-70 Future Bandwidth Deployment 1 Usable spectrum blocks for product implementation. 2 IMT extension 2500 to 2690 MHz, 70 MHz+70 MHz FDD in most countries. 3 Digital dividend; Region 1 (Europe, Middle East and Africa) 790-862 MHz, Region 2 (Americas) 698-806 MHz. Region 3 (Asia) – some 698-790 MHz (e.g. China, India, Japan, Bangladesh, Korea, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines and Singapore) others 790-806 MHz Source: 18 Thank You hamdani2@telkom.co.id Page 10 of 10 10