Penicillin introduced to public in 1944 o 14% bacteria resistance within 2 years of introduction o 59% bacteria resistance by 1949 Research is being done at The Ohio State University o Regulating Antibiotics will help reduce antibiotic resistance
Bacteria can resist theeffects of antibioticsand multiply
One of the world’s most pressing public health problems Bacteria has become stronger o Less responsive to antibiotics o Spreads quickly o Difficult to cure o Expensive to treat
Antibiotic use: o Promotes development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria o Sensitive bacteria killed o Resistant germs left to multiply Improper use of antibiotics Over 100 antibiotics available
Do not take antibiotics for Viral Infections: o Colds o Flu o Most Coughs and Bronchitis o Sore Throats (except those resulting from strep throat) o Some Ear Infections
Achievements of modern medicine put at risk o Effectiveness of medicine lowered o Success lowered for treatments for • Transplantation, chemotherapy, and major surgery Global trade and travel are affected Multi-drug resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB) Extensively drug-resistant Tuberculosis (XDR-TB) Resistance to anti-malaria drugs MRSA from hospital-acquired infections
Smart use of Antibiotics: Do not take for viral infections Take exactly as directed, completing entire course Do not save some for next time you are sick Do not take someone else’s prescription Do not press your healthcare provider to prescribe if not necessary Proper hand-washing and cleaning of surfaces
Antibiotic Resistance Questions & Answers. (2010). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/getsmart/antibiotic-use/anitbiotic- resistance-faqs.html Antimicrobial resistance. (2011). World Health Organization website. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs194/en/ Cunningham, W.P., and Cunningham, M.A. (2011). Principles of Environmental Science: Inquiry and Applications (6th ed., pp. 96-127). McGraw-Hill: New York, NY. Drug Resistant Bacteria Images. (2012). Google.com search images. Retrieved from http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&cp=16&gs_id=2i&xhr=t&q=drug+resistant+bacteria&gs_ upl=&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.,cf.osb&biw=1192&bih=494&wrapid=tljp1328716912453050&um =1&ie=UTF-8&tbm=isch&source=og&sa=N&tab=wi&ei=epwyT4qFOoXY0QHNyvjvBw Filipic, M. (2012). Researchers Unravel Challenges of Drug-Resistant Bacteria. Retrieved from http://extension.osu.edu/news-releases/archives/2012/january/researchers-unravel- challenges-of-drug-resistant-bacteria/ The case for stonger antibiotic regulation. (1999). The Ohio State University Physics website. Retrieved from http://www.physics.ohio- state.edu/~wilkins/writing/Samples/policy/antibiotics.html
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