Lynn hall.assisgnment3 1.week6

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Assignment 3-1, Week 6

Assignment 3-1, Week 6

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  • 1.  By Lynn Hall
  • 2.  Penicillin introduced to public in 1944 o 14% bacteria resistance within 2 years of introduction o 59% bacteria resistance by 1949 Research is being done at The Ohio State University o Regulating Antibiotics will help reduce antibiotic resistance
  • 3. Bacteria can resist theeffects of antibioticsand multiply
  • 4.  One of the world’s most pressing public health problems Bacteria has become stronger o Less responsive to antibiotics o Spreads quickly o Difficult to cure o Expensive to treat
  • 5.  Antibiotic use: o Promotes development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria o Sensitive bacteria killed o Resistant germs left to multiply Improper use of antibiotics Over 100 antibiotics available
  • 6.  Do not take antibiotics for Viral Infections: o Colds o Flu o Most Coughs and Bronchitis o Sore Throats (except those resulting from strep throat) o Some Ear Infections
  • 7.  Achievements of modern medicine put at risk o Effectiveness of medicine lowered o Success lowered for treatments for • Transplantation, chemotherapy, and major surgery Global trade and travel are affected Multi-drug resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB) Extensively drug-resistant Tuberculosis (XDR-TB) Resistance to anti-malaria drugs MRSA from hospital-acquired infections
  • 8. Smart use of Antibiotics: Do not take for viral infections Take exactly as directed, completing entire course Do not save some for next time you are sick Do not take someone else’s prescription Do not press your healthcare provider to prescribe if not necessary Proper hand-washing and cleaning of surfaces
  • 9.  Antibiotic Resistance Questions & Answers. (2010). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/getsmart/antibiotic-use/anitbiotic- resistance-faqs.html Antimicrobial resistance. (2011). World Health Organization website. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs194/en/ Cunningham, W.P., and Cunningham, M.A. (2011). Principles of Environmental Science: Inquiry and Applications (6th ed., pp. 96-127). McGraw-Hill: New York, NY. Drug Resistant Bacteria Images. (2012). Google.com search images. Retrieved from http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&cp=16&gs_id=2i&xhr=t&q=drug+resistant+bacteria&gs_ upl=&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.,cf.osb&biw=1192&bih=494&wrapid=tljp1328716912453050&um =1&ie=UTF-8&tbm=isch&source=og&sa=N&tab=wi&ei=epwyT4qFOoXY0QHNyvjvBw Filipic, M. (2012). Researchers Unravel Challenges of Drug-Resistant Bacteria. Retrieved from http://extension.osu.edu/news-releases/archives/2012/january/researchers-unravel- challenges-of-drug-resistant-bacteria/ The case for stonger antibiotic regulation. (1999). The Ohio State University Physics website. Retrieved from http://www.physics.ohio- state.edu/~wilkins/writing/Samples/policy/antibiotics.html