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Ch 1 notes Document Transcript

  • 1. America In The Beginning
    Who were the first Americans?
    This land bridge is known as __beringia________.
    Animals like mammoths crossed the bridge or migrtaed___________ to the America's.
    This caused ocean levels to _____drop___
    and expose ______land____.
    In the Bering straight a __________land bridge_____ appeared connecting
    ___siberia ___america_________& _______________
    30,000 years ago During a period of low temperatures called an ___ice age_______
    The world was covered in __glaciers_______
    or sheets of ice.
    How and why did they come here?
  • 2. America In The Beginning
    What happened when they came to America?
    The ice age ended ________warming____ up glaciers causing water levels to _______rise___ covering up the _______land__ _bridge_______.
    Some animals died off like _____mammals_______.
    Living in many different parts of the Americas the Natives needed to adjust or __adapt_______ to every thing in the new surrounds that made up each of their own ________envirment_____
    in order to survive__________.
    How did they meet their new needs?
    Hunter's in Asia who moved from place to place to find food or ___nomads__________ followed the mammoths and spread out or __________migrate_ to the America's
  • 3. How did Native Americans adjust to the new environments?
    America In The Beginning
    Different groups in different environments developed their own beliefs and ways of life or _culture______________. Groups in the same environments adapted similar life styles, and language creating _cultural______ regoin_________.
    Many Native American have these things in common.
    1. Nature has a spirit________.
    2. No one can own _land_________.
    4. Only use what is _needed_________.
    5. _trade_________ was important to most societies
    Living in many different parts of the Americas the Natives used the different natural _resources__________ in their own different environments for food, clothing, and shelter.
    What did they have in common?
  • 4. 8 Cultural
    Regions
    California
    Great Basin
    Great Plains
    South East
    North West Coast
    Plateau
    Eastern Woodlands
    South West
    california
  • 5. 8 Cultural Regions
  • 6.
  • 7. North West Coast
    Weather:
    long cold winters
    cool summers
    heavy rainfall
    Natural Resources:
    ocean/beaches
    thick forests of fir,
    spruce, and cedar
    rugged mountains
    seafood/salmon
    deer, moose, bear, elk,
    beaver, mountain goats
    Used cedar canoes to hunt
    Fenced in salmon laying eggs
    used cedar to make rope, mats and baskets
    shell needles
    used wedges, sledge hammers,
    drills, and knifes to carve wooden masks
    Clothing:
    Cedar water proof clothing like capes with
    decorative shell buttons
    Shelter: lived near the coast
    Cedar Long Houses with cedar bark roofs
  • 8. California
    Weather:
    rainy winters
    hot dry summers
    Natural Resources:
    ocean/coast
    foothills
    valley's
    deserts
    mountains
    acorns, oak trees
    grass, and plants
    redwood trees
    salmon/seafood/shellfish
    deer, rabbits, ducks,
    roots berries, pine nuts
    Used Bows& arrows, snares, and nets, used cooking stones to heat acorn meal
    tools from antlers
    Clothing:grass/leather aprons and skirts
    Shelter: Cone shaped made of redwood bark, pole, and reeds woven into mats
  • 9. Great Basin
    Weather:
    little rain
    hot during the day
    cold at night
    Natural Resources:
    mostly dessert
    low areas surrounded by
    mountains at the edges
    with valleys that had
    seasonal lakes and streams
    plants that need little water like
    grasses, sagebrush, pinon trees,
    at the outer edges pine trees, and willow
    small animals rabbits, lizards,
    grasshoppers, snakes
    sometimes ducks , duck eggs during certain seasons
    seeds,berries pine nuts, roots, cattail
    Tools: water baskets sealed with tree sap
    Floating duck decoys, nets, sharp sticks, flat baskets for catching seeds
    Clothing: rabbit robes in winter
    Shelter: Nomadic temporary cone shelters of willow, brush and reeds
  • 10. Plateau
    Weather:
    long cold winters
    comfortable summers
    Natural Resources:
    mountains with
    dense forests in areas
    flatter in the center with
    drier grass lands
    rivers
    driftwood, mud, dirt,
    grass and sage brush
    fish, antelope, deer, seeds
    onions, carrots, camas roots, salmon
    Tools: woven baskets, willow digging sticks, wooden fishing platforms, nets, and spears for salmon
    Clothing: antelope and deer hides leggings, dresses and skirts, woven hats, seed and shell designs
    Shelter: near rivers, partly under ground out of driftwood, mud, sap, and reeds
  • 11. Great Plains
    Weather:
    cold winters
    hot summers
    Natural Resources:
    mountains surrounding edges
    treeless grasslands in the center
    east more water and softer soil
    west drier dense grass
    Buffalo and smaller animals
    Culture:
    Tools: bow made of buffalo tendon, arrows, V shaped stone trap, fire, bone knives, shields,
    Clothing: Buffalo robes and hides
    Shelter: Houses called tipis
  • 12. South West
    Weather:
    high temperatures
    little rain
    dry/arid
    Natural Resources:
    mountains, canyons
    desserts, flat top mesas
    rivers, little water
    clay, brightly colored plants, cotton
    corn, beans, squash, peppers, rabbits
    Large thick walled houses made of bricks of adobe(sun baked clay). Up to 4 stories and had hundreds of rooms.
    Clothes were made of cotton that they grew. Using plants and minerals, they dyed the fabric
    Lived near naturally flooded areas. Men dug irrigation ditches, and also built dams to hold summer rain.
    Women spend most the day grinding corn kernels into cornmeal. They used clay pots to cook stews
  • 13. Eastern Woodlands
    Weather:
    snowy winters , rain
    Natural Resources:
    rivers, ocean/coast
    lots of lakes and streams
    Forests, plants,
    maple trees, elm,
    deer, bears, beavers, birds, fish
    corn, sunflowers, tobacco, vegetables,
    nuts, berries
    Long House: Sturdy, log-framed houses covered with elm bark, about 20 feet wide and over 100 feet long. Several related families live in sections of the house.
    Skirts, capes, and moccasins were made out of deer skins.
    Women ground corn with wooden sticks .
    Men often paddled on the rivers and streams in log and bark canoes . They trapped beavers, hunted deer, bear, caught birds, and speared fish.
    For farming land, men burnt small sections of trees and underbrush. Women did the hoeing and planting. They planted many different types of corn, beans and squash. Made maple syrup and wooden storage canisters.
  • 14. South East
    Weather:
    long warm humid summers
    mild winters
    Natural Resources:
    rivers, ocean/coast
    Fertile coastal plains
    mountains,
    swamps
    Trees, clay, shells,
    corn, beans, squash, pumpkins,
    sunflowers, sweet potatoes
    squirrels, rabbits, turkeys,
    deer, alligators, turtles,
    wild rice, persimmons
    Houses were made from strips of young trees woven into a rectangular frame, then plastered with clay. These houses had pointed roofs made of leaves.
    Towns included many mounds, first mounds were burial sights, but others were larger, and used as platforms for temples. It took many months, even years, to build these mounds, because they moved the dirt 1 basket full at a time.
    Simple clothing was made of deer skin. Jewelry made of stones, shells, feathers, pearls, bones, and clay.
    Women used hoes made of stone, shell or animal shoulder blades. Men hunted using small blow guns, and bows and arrows.