Giving Presentations (New)


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Giving Presentations (New)

  1. 1. Academic Skills Giving Presentations
  2. 2. Introduction Many people are nervous about talking in front of an audience, usually because they are afraid of making a mess of it. Ironically, it is uncontrolled nerves that are most likely to lead to a poor performance - so building confidence through preparation and practice is really important.
  3. 3. Stages of a Presentation <ul><li>There three stages in a successful presentation: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Preparation </li></ul><ul><li>2. Practice </li></ul><ul><li>3. Giving your presentation </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>I. Preparing Your Presentation </li></ul><ul><li>There are eight stages to preparing a presentation. </li></ul><ul><li>1. Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Why are you giving this talk? </li></ul><ul><li>Who will you be talking to? </li></ul><ul><li>How much do they know about the subject already? </li></ul><ul><li>What effect do you want your presentation to have? </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>2. Limitations </li></ul><ul><li>How long time have you got? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you have to follow a certain format? </li></ul><ul><li>Where will you be giving your presentation? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you change the room around to suit your preferences? </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>3. Writing the presentation </li></ul><ul><li>*Beginning </li></ul><ul><li>Briefly introduce yourself . </li></ul><ul><li>• Give an outline of the structure of the talk, so the audience know where it is going. </li></ul><ul><li>Let them know if you are going to take </li></ul><ul><li>questions as you proceed or invite </li></ul><ul><li>discussion at the end? </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>You'll need to gain the audience's attention, so think carefully how you will introduce your topic - for example, you could start with an anecdote, a question or some contradictory statements </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>*Middle </li></ul><ul><li>Decide on your main points: (three points in a 10-minute talk) </li></ul><ul><li>Is there a logical connection between these points? </li></ul><ul><li>• What evidence can you produce to support your points ? </li></ul><ul><li>• Write key words, phrases and facts on index cards. (large + sequence). </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Where they are appropriate, you could plan to use: </li></ul><ul><li>examples, anecdotes and case histories </li></ul><ul><li>charts and graphs </li></ul><ul><li>handouts (will you issue them at the start? in the middle? at the end?) </li></ul><ul><li>slides </li></ul><ul><li>video clips </li></ul><ul><li>• artifacts which people can pass </li></ul>
  10. 10. *End Summarise what you have said: ‘In this talk we have discussed...' Make your conclusions: ‘It is clear that...' Plan to leave the audience a parting shot to stimulate their thoughts.
  11. 11. 4.Visuals Prepare your visuals (PowerPoint slides, Overhead Projector foils, etc). Make sure they are clear, and that any text is big enough (24 points or larger).
  12. 12. <ul><li>5. And then... </li></ul><ul><li>When you have written your presentation, look it over carefully, from the viewpoint of your intended audience. </li></ul><ul><li>Does it meet the objectives? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the structure as logical as can be? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the content right for the audience? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it too long? </li></ul><ul><li>Then revise the presentation. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>II. Practicing your presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Once you have prepared, you need to do two things before you actually give your presentation. </li></ul><ul><li>*Practice </li></ul><ul><li>• Practice giving your talk on your own: </li></ul><ul><li>Get used to the sound of your own voice, ideally in a </li></ul><ul><li>room of the size you will be using. </li></ul><ul><li>Check how long your talk is. </li></ul><ul><li>• When you're happy with it, try the presentation out on a friend. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>*Visuals </li></ul><ul><li>Are your visuals effective? Practice using your visuals: </li></ul><ul><li>talking to the audience, not to the screen </li></ul><ul><li>• combining giving your talk with changing the slides </li></ul>
  15. 15. III. Giving your presentation There are five things to remember during your presentation: *Space • Arrive in good time. • Get familiar with the room and any audio-visual equipment . • Allow yourself time to get comfortable in the space
  16. 16. *Presence As you get up to give your presentation, make a conscious effort to stand tall, take a deep breath and look as if you're going to enjoy being there.
  17. 17. *Eye contact Make eye contact with people in your audience in a friendly way. People respond much better when they think you are talking to them. In a small room, try to make eye contact with each person in the audience; in a larger hall, make eye contact with different groups in the audience.
  18. 18. <ul><li>*Voice </li></ul><ul><li>Speak slowly and clearly </li></ul><ul><li>Speak loudly enough so everyone can hear </li></ul><ul><li>Remember to breathe slowly and deeply </li></ul>
  19. 19. *Move You are allowed to move as you give your presentation, but avoid pacing up and down or fiddling with your hands, spectacles or pen. Keep your hands out of your pockets and away from your face. It can help add variety and interest to come to the front of the podium to deliver a telling point. Try to avoid hiding behind the lectern.