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English Language Teaching

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This is the course prepared for 4th year

This is the course prepared for 4th year

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  • 1. English Language Teaching
    Dr.HalaSalih Mohammed Nur
    English Language Institute
    University of Khartoum
  • 2. ?
  • 3. Course Content
    Abbreviations and Acronyms
    Teaching of English in Sudan
    Methodology of English Language Teaching
    Teaching Language Skills
    Teaching Language Systems
    Computer Assisted Language Learning
    Teaching Young Learners
    Learners’ of English Language
    Second Language Acquisition
    Assessment and Testing
    Syllabus Design
    Lesson Planning
  • 4. Terms
    ESL
    ESOL
    EFL
    EAL
    EIL
    ELF
    ESP
    EAP
    ELL
    English as a Second Language
    English to Speakers of Other Languages
    English as a Foreign Language
    English as an Additional Language
    English as an International Language
    English as a Lingua Franca
    English for Specific Purposes
    English for Academic Purposes
    English Language Learner
  • 5. Other Terms
    World English
    refers to the English language as a lingua franca used in business, trade, diplomacy and other spheres of global activity.
    World Englishes
    refers to the emergence of localised or indigenisedvarieties of English, especially varieties that have developed in nations colonised by Great Britainor the United States
  • 6. BrajKachru (1985)
  • 7. Teaching of English Language in Sudan
    (Problems /Challenges)
  • 8. The Changing Status of English Language in Sudan
    Past, Present and Future.
  • 9. Sudan is a country in northeastern Africa. It is the largest country in Africa.
  • 10. Linguistic diversity is a feature of Sudan.
    This diversity has become a symbol of multiple identities: religious, cultural, ethnic and
    Linguistic.
    It is estimated that there are around 177 languages
    spoken in Sudan (Abu Manga, 2006).
  • 11. Sudan has been historically both a north-south and an east-west migration crossroad. This factor and other factors like the constant population movement as a result of drought, famine, civil war and emigration from neighboring countries has made Sudan very diverse linguistically.
  • 12.
  • 13. Language Policy
    Northern Sudan
    The British wanted to create an elite administrative body of Sudanese so they opened some primary, intermediate schools to teach English language.
    1902 Gordon Memorial Collage was opened. In 1946 it was affiliated with London University.
    1934 BukterAlruda teacher training institute was opened.
  • 14.
  • 15. Discovery of oil
    Globalization
    Internet
    Conflicts
    NGOs
  • 16. Language Policy
    Southern Sudan
    Education was left for the missionaries.
    Very few schools were opened.
    The situation was very complex, 44 languages were spoken.
    Arabic was spoken as the lingua franca in many areas.
    "little money there was for education was spent in the North and southern education became 'the lowest priority in a low-priority area' " (Sandell, 1982
  • 17.
  • 18. The First Civil War
  • 19. The Second Civil War
    In 1983 when President Jafaar Numeri declared the nationwide application of Sharia Laws and revived efforts to impose Arabic language and Islamic themed curriculum in the South. A rebellion broke out which turned into a cancerous civil war that continued for more than twenty years with Sudan's People Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M)growing as a major force in the South.
     
  • 20. Comprehensive Peace Treaty
    March 2005
    Chapter 2, article 8 of the CPA stated:
    2.8 Language
    2.8.1. All indigenous languages are national languages which shall be respected and developed and promoted.
    2.8.2. Arabic language is the widely spoken national language in the Sudan.
    2.8.3. Arabic, as a major language at the national level, and English shall be the official working languages of the national Government business and languages of instruction for higher education.
    ……
    2.8.5 The use of either language at any level of government or education shall not be discriminated against.
  • 21. The Future of English Language in Sudan
    ?

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