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English Language Teaching
 

English Language Teaching

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This is the course prepared for 4th year

This is the course prepared for 4th year

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    English Language Teaching English Language Teaching Presentation Transcript

    • English Language Teaching
      Dr.HalaSalih Mohammed Nur
      English Language Institute
      University of Khartoum
    • ?
    • Course Content
      Abbreviations and Acronyms
      Teaching of English in Sudan
      Methodology of English Language Teaching
      Teaching Language Skills
      Teaching Language Systems
      Computer Assisted Language Learning
      Teaching Young Learners
      Learners’ of English Language
      Second Language Acquisition
      Assessment and Testing
      Syllabus Design
      Lesson Planning
    • Terms
      ESL
      ESOL
      EFL
      EAL
      EIL
      ELF
      ESP
      EAP
      ELL
      English as a Second Language
      English to Speakers of Other Languages
      English as a Foreign Language
      English as an Additional Language
      English as an International Language
      English as a Lingua Franca
      English for Specific Purposes
      English for Academic Purposes
      English Language Learner
    • Other Terms
      World English
      refers to the English language as a lingua franca used in business, trade, diplomacy and other spheres of global activity.
      World Englishes
      refers to the emergence of localised or indigenisedvarieties of English, especially varieties that have developed in nations colonised by Great Britainor the United States
    • BrajKachru (1985)
    • Teaching of English Language in Sudan
      (Problems /Challenges)
    • The Changing Status of English Language in Sudan
      Past, Present and Future.
    • Sudan is a country in northeastern Africa. It is the largest country in Africa.
    • Linguistic diversity is a feature of Sudan.
      This diversity has become a symbol of multiple identities: religious, cultural, ethnic and
      Linguistic.
      It is estimated that there are around 177 languages
      spoken in Sudan (Abu Manga, 2006).
    • Sudan has been historically both a north-south and an east-west migration crossroad. This factor and other factors like the constant population movement as a result of drought, famine, civil war and emigration from neighboring countries has made Sudan very diverse linguistically.
    • Language Policy
      Northern Sudan
      The British wanted to create an elite administrative body of Sudanese so they opened some primary, intermediate schools to teach English language.
      1902 Gordon Memorial Collage was opened. In 1946 it was affiliated with London University.
      1934 BukterAlruda teacher training institute was opened.
    • Discovery of oil
      Globalization
      Internet
      Conflicts
      NGOs
    • Language Policy
      Southern Sudan
      Education was left for the missionaries.
      Very few schools were opened.
      The situation was very complex, 44 languages were spoken.
      Arabic was spoken as the lingua franca in many areas.
      "little money there was for education was spent in the North and southern education became 'the lowest priority in a low-priority area' " (Sandell, 1982
    • The First Civil War
    • The Second Civil War
      In 1983 when President Jafaar Numeri declared the nationwide application of Sharia Laws and revived efforts to impose Arabic language and Islamic themed curriculum in the South. A rebellion broke out which turned into a cancerous civil war that continued for more than twenty years with Sudan's People Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M)growing as a major force in the South.
       
    • Comprehensive Peace Treaty
      March 2005
      Chapter 2, article 8 of the CPA stated:
      2.8 Language
      2.8.1. All indigenous languages are national languages which shall be respected and developed and promoted.
      2.8.2. Arabic language is the widely spoken national language in the Sudan.
      2.8.3. Arabic, as a major language at the national level, and English shall be the official working languages of the national Government business and languages of instruction for higher education.
      ……
      2.8.5 The use of either language at any level of government or education shall not be discriminated against.
    • The Future of English Language in Sudan
      ?