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  1. 1. University of Salahaddin College of Education Biology department Preparated by: Halala Rahman Qadir M.Sc. Plant physiology 11/11/2013 11/11/2013 1
  2. 2. Outline Objectives Fruit • • • • • •    Definition of fruit Two main Types of fruit Important of fruit Nutritional value of fruit Development of fruit Types of fruit Home work Next lecture Reference 11/11/2013 2
  3. 3. The objects are: Definition of fruit Advantages of fruit Understanding the structure of fruit Learning about some types of fruit 11/11/2013 3
  4. 4. Definition of fruit • In botany, a fruit is a part of a flowering plant that derives from specific tissues of the flower, one or more ovaries, and in some cases accessory tissues. Fruit 11/11/2013 4
  5. 5. Meaning of fruit Fruit is an old French word that is derived from the Latin word fructus, which roughly means a profit . In scientific terms, a fruit is the seed-bearing part of the plant that important to plant and other organisms. 11/11/2013 5
  6. 6. Tow main types of fruit Two main types of fruit Culinary vegetables Botanical fruits This diagram representing the relationship between (culinary) vegetables and botanical fruits 11/11/2013 6
  7. 7. The important of fruit 1- Protect Your Health which contain mineral, fiber and vitamin. 2Fruits are Powerful of Phytochemicals: photochemical that help "fight" to protect your health. 3-Fruits are Weight Management Because low in calories, can help you control your weight by eating more fruits and fewer high-calorie foods. 4- For producing plant, Fruits carry the seeds of the plant. 11/11/2013 7
  8. 8. Nutritional values of fruit Fiber Total carbohydrates Protein Nutritional value Potassium Sodium Total fat 11/11/2013 8
  9. 9. Development of fruit 1-Growth of flower (development male and female part). 2-Pollination process (travel pollen to the female). 3-Fertilization process Fused the pollen with the female(ovum) to form embryo 4-Seed formation. 5-Development of fruit (exocarp, mesocarp and endocarp). 11/11/2013 9
  10. 10. Fig(1): The structure of the flower 11/11/2013 10
  11. 11. FIGURE (2): THE STRUCTURE OF FRUIT 11/11/2013 11
  12. 12. Types of fruit 1-Fleshy Simple Fruits 1-1-Berries: These fruit types have a soft exocarp ,the mesocarp and endocarp is fleshly, such as Tomato Tomato 11/11/2013 12
  13. 13. Types of fruit 1-2-Drupe: exocarp is soft, the mesocarp is fleshy and the endocarp is hard and stony that fits closely around the seed, such as plum. plum 11/11/2013 13
  14. 14. Types of fruit 2-Dry fruit 2-1-Dry Dehiscent Fruits 2-1-1-Legume: These fruit types are dry dehiscent fruits that have pods that split on two sides. The list of fruits under legumes are Bean 11/11/2013 Bean 14
  15. 15. Type of fruits 2-2-Dry Indehiscent Fruits 2-2-1-Achene:The pericarp is easily separable from the seed coat. The fruits of buckwheat and sunflower family come under this type of fruit. buckwheat 11/11/2013 sunflower 15
  16. 16. Home work Q/ What is the type fruit in Cucumber? Q/ Write the factors that effect on the fruit formation? 11/11/2013 16
  17. 17. Next lecture • We will talk about the stem of the plant and its types. 11/11/2013 17
  18. 18. References 1-Mauseth, James. D. (2003).Botany An Introduction to Plant Biology. Jones and Bartlett. pp. 271–272. 2-Schlegel, Rolf H. J. ( 2003).Encyclopedic Dictionary of Plant Breeding and Related Subjects. Haworth Press. p. 177 3-Lewis, Robert. A. ( 2002).CRC Dictionary of Agricultural Sciences. 11/11/2013 18
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