Srouji hala e118_final

124 views

Published on

To determine what factors influence the sustainability of fishing tourism in Oman (main actors and concerns)
To determine if agents providing service are managing their environmental impacts and providing an eco-tourism option to interested visitors – what are positive and negative impacts, a scorecard to measure sustainability, score main operators on this and give overall rating
To provide recommendations for Oman’s government and agents under sustainability framework

Published in: Travel, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
124
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Srouji hala e118_final

  1. 1. Environmental Management of International Tourism Development Megan Epler Wood ENVR E-118 Fall 2013 Is Oman on track for sustainable fishing tourism? Hala Srouji ID: 10920779 hala8halo@yahoo.com
  2. 2. Aims  Provide holistic view of Oman’s sustainable fishing tourism industry  Measure Oman’s fishing tourism operators for sustainability  Analyze and provide recommendations
  3. 3. Fishing Subsistence Recreational/Sport Commercial Overfishing, Biodiversity, Pollution, Competition Employment, Food security, Taxes $667 63 people
  4. 4. Fishing sustainability in Oman  High density/overfishing on northern coast  Trawling banned in 2011  85-95% artisanal catch  0.5% to GDP  Aquaculture strategy in 2007  3 Marine Protected Areas Source: Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries Yearbook, 2012
  5. 5. The Holistic view Economic Environ Social Angler (mid to high experience) High quality experience (value for price) High target fish stock High biodiversity Low footprint Experienced crew Education Tour Operator (recreational fishing) High target fish stock Regular angler influx Safe operations (risk) High biodiversity Low footprint Regulation/Enforcement Jobs to locals Education Government subsidy Added-value market Fuel/equipment cost High target fish stock Low pollution Regulation/Enforcement Territorial security High target fish stock Added-value market Regulation/Enforcement Low footprint Waste management High biodiversity Jobs to locals Brand reputation FDI Investment/SME Regulation/Enforcement Food security Jobs/training to locals High biodiversity Low pollution Climate change Country reputation Skills development Respect of local customs Local tourism providers Regular tourist influx Added-value market Waste management Low pollution Jobs to locals Country/brand reputation Local Community Jobs/training to locals Food security Access to water resource Low pollution Respect of local customs Subsidies/sponsorship Jobs/training to locals Education Conservation Policy influence NGOs Local Fisherman Commercial Fishery Government Source: interviews with each group
  6. 6. Sustainability scorecard Econ 75% of fish catch and release Econ investing in tagging, or social or environ research Environ only 4 stoke engine boats Environ involved in others’ waste removal, research tagging or illegal fishing reporting Social every trip includes at least 1 Omani crew Social separate lodges for men/women in coastal villages
  7. 7. Quantitative Research  Omani  sport fishing tour operators Sample of 12 companies      All licensed with Oman tourism & fisheries bodies 7.5 average years in operation (1-17 range) 92% expatriate management 75% SME 50% ‘sustainability’ in company profile
  8. 8. Results Econ 75% of fish catch and release 75% Econ investing in tagging, or social or environ research 42% Environ only 4 stoke engine boats 50% Environ involved in others’ waste removal, research tagging or illegal fishing reporting 33% Social every trip includes at least 1 Omani crew 83% Social separate lodges for men/women in coastal villages 42%
  9. 9. Additional footprint measures Transport Accommodation Equipment Social Boat emissions Electricity/fuel/diesel Freshwater consumption on/by boat Local skills development/ wages Transport accommodation to/from marina Water Coolbox/Icebox - ice creation Engaging local SME artisans Transport airport to/from accommodation Food Construction of boat/paint on boat Education/Investment Distance traveled by visitor and mode of transport Waste (kg/day) Fabrication of reels, lines, tools Participation of poor communities Distance traveled by staff and mode of transport % local supplier procurement or % eco-friendly supplies
  10. 10. Recommendations  Operators     union Improve database Improve conservation / best practices Facilitate communication with government Voluntourism  Government     Code or legislation Incentivize regulation support Whistleblowing protection Tournament
  11. 11. More reading..
  12. 12. Sport fishing can be a form of ecotoursim if:       A unique natural resource A unique clientele An activity of environmental resource responsibility An activity with economic support for resource conservation An activity that provides an economic advantage for appreciative use An activity with direct economic assistance to the local economy Source: Journal of Sustainable Tourism (1998), An ecotourism perspective on billfish fisheries
  13. 13. Environmental Management of International Tourism Development Megan Epler Wood ENVR E-118 Fall 2013 Is Oman on track for sustainable fishing tourism? Hala Srouji ID: 10920779 hala8halo@yahoo.com

×