Behaviorism: behavior depends of the past antecedents, punished or rewarded.
When a client/person feels valued and accepted by his/her therapist, he starts to explore himself in a safe environment. Through a self exploration, he/she continues to self –actualisation.
When a client/person feels valued and accepted by his/her therapist, he starts to explore himself in a safe environment. Through a self exploration, he/she continues to self –actualisation. Learning should be reinforced.
This imply features like..
One recent application within the humanistic framework is the beginning of
Perspectives on Learning-: The humanistic approach EDU 301 Educational Psychology Semester 111 2011-2012 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia The Royal Commission at Yanbu Yanbu University College Yanbu Al-Sinaiyah x
How these views are translated into the classroom practice.
10/10/11 EDU 301-111 Dr. Hala Fawzi
The humanistic approach EDU 301-111 Dr. Hala Fawzi Carl Rogers (1902-1989) A leading figure in the development of humanistic approaches to education. Principally known as the founder of person-centered (non-directive) client-centered) psychotherapy He was interested in what learning was, what real learning felt like and what learning strive to be.
The humanistic approach Focuses on the unobservable private mental world of an individual. Emphasizes on holism : the need to study the whole person. Emphasizes the " natural desire" of everyone to learn.
The humanistic approach So the teacher relinquishes a great deal of authority and becomes a facilitator. Focuses on the hidden internal experiences and emphasis the role of feelings must be incorporated into the learning experience. They maintain, that learners need to be empowered and to have control over the learning process.
Self-actualisation The main goal of human existence is self-actualisation :(becoming all what we are capable of) All students are intrinsically motivated to self actualize or learn.
Self-actualisation How is Rogers theory Non-directive/ client- centered / self-directed/ self-centered? By giving control to the client.
Review Table 2.2 p. 31(Comparison between traditional and person-centered modes of teaching)
10/10/11 EDU 301-111 Dr. Hala Fawzi
Application of Humanist approach The approach refers to many other approaches.(Kirschenbaum 1975)
Humanistic Content Curricula. (Students’ lives)
Humanistic Process Curricula.( life skills-the whole)
School and Group Structures.( restructuring learning environment to pursue humanistic aims)
Application of Humanist approach On whole school level : Open classrooms , class meetings, alternative modes of assessment. On class level : would support: -Students having control over daily activities. -Students monitor their own progress, andsSelf-evaluation. -Teacher does not control learning process, only a facilitator. -Integrating personal and communications skills ( Cooperative learning)
Values: 1. Balancing teaching and achieving academic skills with the need to acquire personal and life skills. (Snow and Swanson, 1992, Johnson and Johnson 1992) 2. Helping to involve children with disabilities in mainstream class(Putnam, 1993). Applications within the humanistic approach: 1.Co-operative learning
Values: 1. Balancing teaching and achieving academic skills with the need to acquire personal and life skills. (Snow and Swanson, 1992, Johnson and Johnson 1992) 2. Helping to involve children with disabilities in mainstream class(Putnam, 1993). Applications within the humanistic approach: 1.Co-operative learning p.33: Read the example and study about the four components of cooperative learning
Applications within the humanistic approach: 2. Emotional literacy classes
Teaching emotional skills will:
Improve children academic skills.
Enhances schools’ ability to teach.
Emphasizes the role of emotional intelligence.
Aims at teaching emotional skills, not acknowledging the role of feelings and emotions in learning.