Agent, Haulier, Clean Bill
Of Lading, and Shipping
The Role Of Forwarding Agent
• The main purpose of a Freight Forwarder or
Forwarding Agent is to arrange cargo movements to
destinations overseas. In this role you could be involved
in all modes of transport including air, sea, road and
• An International Freight Forwarder will have specialist
expertise relating to preparing and processing
documentation for international shipping.
• A Forwarding Agent will typically review
documentation such as commercial invoices and
shipper‟s export declaration Bills of Lading.
• A Freight Forwarder or Forwarding Agent will also look at any
other documents required by the carrier or the country of import
or trans-shipment, including HM Customs documents – which are
produced digitally, creating paperless working methods.
• The role of Freight Forwarder or Forwarding Agent involves
working with others‟ and so being able to communicate clearly
and being very organised is essential.
• Application Import and Export Permit (AP)
Example Of Forwarding Agent
• Era Integrated Logistics Sdn Bhd
• ABBA MARITIME SDN BHD
• AGENSI PERKAPALAN GML SDN BHD
• A services provide by haulage company
used to transport cargo from port to
• Haulier is consist of prime movers and
trailers to sent the container to the buyer
Example of haulier company
• Aimtrans Logistics (M) Sdn Bhd
• Airoceanic Express Sdn Bhd
• Bersatu Integrated Logistics Sdn Bhd
• Hifreight Express Sdn Bhd
Bill of Lading (B/L)
Bill of Lading is the transport document associated
with Sea freight.
It is issued by the Shipping Company or its agent or
master of a ship acknowledging that specified goods
have been received on board as cargo for
conveyance to a named place for delivery to the
consignee who is usually identified.
It is a document of title to the goods and, as such, is
freely transferable by endorsement and delivery.
• Bill of Lading serves three purposes as:
– Receipt given by Shipping Company as goods described
on document has been received by it/carrier.
– Evidence of the contract of carriage by sea between the
shipping company and the shipper (exporter or
– Document of title to the goods and can be used to obtain
payment or a written promise before the merchandise is
released to the importer.
• For the bill of lading to be negotiable it must be:
1. made out to the order to the shipper.
2. signed by the steamship company.
3. endorsed in blank by the shipper.
• It is the only evidence to file a claim against the
shipping company in the event of non-
delivery, defective delivery or short-delivery of
the cargo at the destination.
• For preparation of B/L the exporter should
submit the complete set of B/L together with
mate receipt to the shipping company which
will calculate the freight amount on the basis of
measurement or weight.
• On payment of freight, the shipping company
returns the B/L duly signed and supported by
requisite adhesive stamps.
• Generally made out in the sets of two or
three originals duly signed by the master of
the ship or the agent of the steamship
• All the originals are equally valid for taking
the delivery of the goods. Once one original
is utilised the other originals become null
• Marked as „Non-negotiable copy‟ cannot be
utilised for taking the delivery of goods.
• Bill of Lading contains the following information:
– Shipping company‟s name and address.
– Consignee‟s name and address.
– Notify party
– Name of the vessel,
– Port of loading/Shipment and port of discharge.
– Shipping marks and Numbers, Cubic measurements, weights
– Description of the goods
– Number of packages.
– Shipped on board with date-rubber stamp.
– Gross weight and net weight.
– Freight details
– Signature of the shipping company‟s agent.
– Container number if any.
– Shipper‟s name and address.
– B/L Number and Date
– Terms (on reverse)
• Bill of Lading can be further described as
– Shipped on Board :- When goods are
actually shipped on board.
– Received for shipment :- When goods
have been handed over to agent for
– Through B/L:- When two or more
carriers/ different modes of transport
form i.e. road, rail, air, and sea employed
to reach goods to their final destination.
– Transhipment B/L:- When there is no
direct service between the two ports and
shipowner is prepared to tranship the
goods at an intermediate port.
– Stale B/L:- i.e. a late B/L that has been
held too long before it is passed on to a
bank for negotiation or to the consignee.
– Clean B/L:- Where the carrier has noted
that the goods have been received or
loaded in „apparent good condition‟ (no
apparent damage, loss, etc.).
– Claused B/L:- Which contains additional
clauses/notations limiting the
responsibility of the shipping company
which specify deficient condition(s) of the
goods and/or packaging.
– Combined Transport B/L:- When
different modes of transport are used;
usually issued when goods stuffed at
shipper‟s premises and delivered at
– Charter Party B/L:- Where a shipper has
contracted with a shipping line to charter a
vessel for the movement of cargo. It is issued
by the carrier or its agent in the charter
shipping. Unless otherwise authorized in the
letter of credit (L/C), the charter party B/L is
not acceptable in the L/C negotiation.
– Freight Paid B/L:- When freight is paid at the
time of shipment or in advance, the B/L is
marked, freight paid.
– Freight Collect B/L:- When the freight is not
paid and is to be collected from the consignee
on the arrival of the goods, the B/L is
marked, freight collect.
– Negotiable B/L:- It is a title document to
the goods, issued “to the order of” a
party, usually the shipper, whose
endorsement is required to effect it‟s
negotiation. Thus, a shipper's order
(negotiable) B/L can be bought, sold, or
traded while goods are in transit and is
commonly used for letter of credit
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