Aba effective instruction modules


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Aba effective instruction modules

  1. 1. Overview ABA Jeopardy Objectives Techniques Video Modeling Competency -Assessment
  2. 2. ABA Jeopardy Who is the father of Behavioral Psychology? A) Freud B) Skinner C) Piaget D) Vygotsky
  3. 3. ABA Jeopardy A consequence is a punishment? True or False
  4. 4. ABA Jeopardy The best way to help someone learn a new skill is to A) Punish them B) Provide food reinforcement C) Provide prompts D) Wait until they ask you for help
  5. 5. Learner Objectives 1. Participant will delivery appropriate instructional cues to another participant during role play activities for 80% of opportunities for one group session. 2. Participant will verbally identify and model all prompt types during role play activities on first opportunity for one group session. 3. Participant will demonstrate a time delay procedure during a role play activity on first opportunity for one group session. 4. Participant will demonstrate differential reinforcement for a target response versus a non target response on first opportunity for one group session. 5. Participant will demonstrate an error correction technique for an incorrect response on first opportunity for one group session.
  6. 6. Technique 1: Instructional Cues What types of instruction do you give to kids when you need them to do a skill or task?
  7. 7. Definition An instructional cue is considered an antecedent that a teacher gives to evoke a response from the student For students with disabilities, ensure that the cue is specific, concrete and concise
  8. 8. Model & Role-play Watch video link http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=_QMXacDKRiY
  9. 9. Prompting When have you had to help a learner engage in a correct behavior? What are ways in which someone has helped you learn a new skill?
  10. 10. Technique 2: Prompt types Definition: some type of assistance given to a student to help them engage in a correct response
  11. 11. (a) verbal=verbal behavior of another person results in the correct response (b) gestural= any visual or gesture that leads to the correct response (c)modeling=demonstration of correct behavior by another person (d) physical = physically helping student engage in correct response PROMPT TYPES:
  12. 12. Prompt examples Verbal prompt=instructor provides the verbal prompt Gestural prompt= picture schedule
  13. 13. Prompt examples Model prompt= cooking instructor Physical prompt= hand over hand
  14. 14. Model & Role Play Please click on the video link and watch example http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=davpYDNu-bs
  15. 15. Time-Delay What are some activities or skills that someone had to teach you How do you go from helping someone to allowing them to do it by themselves? How did you start doing something by yourself?
  16. 16. Technique 3: Time Delay Definition= waiting a certain number of seconds to see if the student will independently initiate the correct response If the student does NOT, then you would deliver a prompt
  17. 17. Technique 3: Time Delay When teaching a NEW skill use a 0- second time delay and immediately deliver the prompt to ensure a correct response
  18. 18. Fading your prompts After a certain number of teaching opportunities ( about 3 opportunities), insert a 3 second wait and determine if the child will begin to initiate independently
  19. 19. Model & Role-Play Please click on the video link and watch example http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=TOH5IKT1ckI
  20. 20. Differential Reinforcement Did you ever get A’s and B’s and C’s in school? Why do you think the teacher gives different grades? How do you let students or others know they are doing the correct skills or behaviors?
  21. 21. Differential Reinforcement Would you reinforce a child with a cookie for shaving his head without permission?
  22. 22. Technique 4: Differential Reinforcement Definition= reinforcing a specific desirable behavior while other behaviors are not reinforced. The result is an increase in the desired behavior and extinction of other behaviors.
  23. 23. Model & Role-Play Please click on video link and watch example http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=1NelgTwEcpM
  24. 24. Error Correction  How have your teachers or family members or friends told you that you were not doing the right skill?  How would you tell your student that they are not doing the right behavior?  Why is it important to tell your student they are not engaging in the target behavior?
  25. 25. Technique 5: Error Correction Definition= learner demonstrates an incorrect response during instruction and teacher provides precise corrective feedback
  26. 26. Protocol Teacher says, “No” Wait 3-5 seconds Represent your instruction + a controlling prompt
  27. 27. Model & Role-Play Please view video example and practice with your partner http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=utQX- crlDjs
  28. 28. Competency –Based Rubric Technique Criterion Met Comments Instructional Cue Demonstrate the use of highly specific and concrete verbal instruction Prompts Modeled all prompt types Time Delay Deliver instruction cue and demonstrate a 0 second and a 3 second time delay before prompting Differential Reinforcement a) Used affect and verbal praise and other reinforcer types to reinforce target behavior b) Used less reinforcement and neutral affect for a previously mastered approximation or did not reinforce the response Error Correction Delivered a neutral “No” and waited 3-5 seconds and represented an instructional cue + prompt