Haiway's silicate and non silicate mineral presentation
What are silicate and non-silicate minerals? Silicate and non-silicate minerals are the two most common types of classification of minerals based on chemical composition!!!
Silicate MineralsMinerals that contain silicon and oxygen are silicateminerals!!!Silicate minerals make up 90% of the earth’s crust!!!The other 10% are non-silicate minerals!!!Silicon and oxygen usually combine with otherelements such as iron, aluminum, magnesium, andpotassium to make up silicate minerals!!!
Common Types of Silicate MineralsQuartz- BasicBuilding blockof many rocks
Common Types of Silicate MineralsFeldspar – Maincomponent ofmost rocks onearth’s surface
Common Types of Silicate MineralsMica – Micamineralsseparate intosheets easilywhen theybreak
Non-Silicate MineralsMinerals that do not contain oxygen or siliconare non-silicate minerals!!!Some of these minerals are made up ofelements like carbon, oxygen, fluorine, andsulfur!!!
Important Classes of Non-Silicate MineralsNative Elements – GoldMinerals made upof only oneelement. Sometypes of nativeelements arecopper, gold, andsilver. Nativeelements are usedin things likecommunicationsand electronicsequipment.
Important Classes of Non-Silicate Minerals Carbonates – Minerals Fireworks that contain oxygen and carbon in their composition. We use carbonates for building stones, cement, and fireworks.
Important Classes of Non-Silicate Minerals Halides – Halides are Detergent compounds that form when sodium, calcium, an d potassium combine with fluorine, iodine, brom ine, and chlorine. Halides are used in detergents and in the chemical industry.
Important Classes of Non-Silicate Minerals Oxides – Paint Compounds that form when an element forms chemically with oxygen. Oxides are used to make abrasives, paint, and airplane parts.
Important Classes of Non-Silicate Minerals Sulfates – Minerals Toothpaste that contain oxygen and sulfur. Sulfates are used in things like paint, cement, tooth paste, and cosmetics.
Important Classes of Non-Silicate Minerals Sulfides – Minerals Batteries that contain one or more elements combined with sulfur. Sulfide is used in things like batteries, electronic parts, and medicines.