The thirteen colonies


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The thirteen colonies

  1. 1. By: Hailey Evington
  2. 2. New England Colonies   There were 4 colonies that make up the New England colonies: • Rhode Island • Connecticut • New Hampshire • Massachusetts
  3. 3. Industry…   The New England colonies were very big subsistence farming and/or fishing communities.  The beginnings of their industries started in New England.  The colonists of NE made their own clothes and shoes.  Food that didn’t grow in America had to be shipped in from England.
  4. 4. Shipbuilding…   Shipbuilding was also a major attribute, there were large easily navigated ports in their region.  Great, large seaports could be found in their regions.  The ship building industry in these colonies was very much thriving.  Boston, Massachusetts was where this was most common.
  5. 5. Region…   Many Puritans lived in the Rhode Island colony, a lot of them practiced religious freedom there.  Much of these people were classified as religious dissenters in England because they disagreed with the teachings of the church and spoke out on it.  Many Pilgrims also settled in these areas as well.  The word pilgrim means “someone on a religious journey.”
  6. 6. All about the NE colonies…   The New England colonies were the least colony tied economically to England.  This colony also had very few slaves.  To the north of the Massachusetts colony, some very adventurous colonists formed the colony known as New Hampshire.  Mercantilism eventually became a hot topic for both the king and the colonists due to the growing economies.
  7. 7. Middle Colonies   The colonies known as the “Middle Colonies” were: • New York • Pennsylvania • New Jersey • Delaware
  8. 8. Farmers and Workers   Many people of the Middle Colonies moved without their families, so much of them were perfect ironworkers and farmers.  The reason in which they were “perfect” ironworkers and farmers was because they did not have a family that they were pressed to tend to.  This allowed them to focus solely on the work that was placed before them.
  9. 9. Religion…   In the 1600s , the King of England granted 45,000 sq. miles of land west of the Delaware River to William Penn (Quaker).  Penn’s North American holdings became the colony of “Penn’s Woods” or Pennsylvania.  Many Quakers settled there.  Quakers are religious and are totally opposed to war and violence. Today, we call those kind of people pacifists.
  10. 10. Industry…   Pennsylvania also produced paper and textiles.  Large tractor farming was done in this region.  This was a good attribute due to the fact that fertile soil was also common.  Trade with England was extremely plentiful in the colonies as well.
  11. 11. All about the Middle colony…   The Middle Colonies were the most diverse economically, socially, and politically of the three sets of colonies.  The Middle colonies were actually part agriculture, part industrial.  Wheat and other grains grew on farms in Pennsylvania and New York.
  12. 12. Southern Colonies   5 colonies make up the Southern Colonies: • Maryland • North Carolina • South Carolina • Georgia • Virginia
  13. 13. Economy…   Their main motivation for moving was to make good money that was available in the new American market.  Their economy was mainly agriculture based.  This was also the region that was most economically tied to England.
  14. 14. Industry…   These colonies were entirely agricultural, they had large areas of farmland and buildings.  A plantation system was established, it was a large plot of land that contained a great many acres of farmland and buildings in which lived the people who owned the land and the people who worked the land.  They grew cash crops such as, tobacco and corn.
  15. 15. Estates…   The Carolina colony was originally a territory that stretched from Virginia to Florida. In the northern region, farmers eked out a living. In the southern half, planters worked over vast estates that produced corn, lumber, beef and pork and then later in the 1600s---rice.
  16. 16. Slavery…   Slavery played an important role in the development of the Carolina colony, they later split and became North and South Carolina in the 1700s.  Slavery became a way of life early on in the settlement of the Southern colonies.  In 1700, there were about 250,000 European and African settlers in North America’s thirteen colonies.  By the year 1775 there were almost 2.5 million slaves in the South.
  17. 17. Triangular Trade   This was a trade route that was developed between England, Africa, and the North American colonies.  In this trade route: Africa sent slaves to America, America then sent sugar, cotton, and tobacco to Europe, and then Europe sent textiles and manufactured goods to Africa.  Many enslaved people were tightly packed and in horrific condition on the ship as they traveled to their “new home.” This part of the ship’s voyage was known as Middle Passage.
  18. 18. The Great Awakening…   The Great Awakening was a spiritual renewal that swept the American Colonies, especially New England.  Certain Christians began to stay away from the concept of worshipping at the time in which had been led to a general complacency among believers.  These people instead adopted an approach which was identified by great fervor and emotion in prayer.
  19. 19. The Enlightenment…   The Enlightenment is the classical Greco-Roman period and the medieval Christian era.  The English, American, and French revolution were marked as political expressions of the Enlightenment.  The major traditions within rightist thought were reactionary, conservative, and bourgeois.  Conflicting strands within leftist thought regarding differing views of human nature and the nature of society; this was a topic of the Enlightenment