New England Colonies
There were 4 colonies that make up the New
• Rhode Island
• New Hampshire
The New England colonies were very big subsistence
farming and/or fishing communities.
The beginnings of their industries started in New
The colonists of NE made their own clothes and
Food that didn’t grow in America had to be shipped
in from England.
Shipbuilding was also a major attribute, there were
large easily navigated ports in their region.
Great, large seaports could be found in their regions.
The ship building industry in these colonies was
very much thriving.
Boston, Massachusetts was where this was most
Many Puritans lived in the Rhode Island colony, a lot
of them practiced religious freedom there.
Much of these people were classified as religious
dissenters in England because they disagreed with
the teachings of the church and spoke out on it.
Many Pilgrims also settled in these areas as well.
The word pilgrim means “someone on a religious
All about the NE colonies…
The New England colonies were the least colony tied
economically to England.
This colony also had very few slaves.
To the north of the Massachusetts colony, some very
adventurous colonists formed the colony known as
Mercantilism eventually became a hot topic for both
the king and the colonists due to the growing
The colonies known as the “Middle Colonies” were:
• New York
• New Jersey
Farmers and Workers
Many people of the Middle Colonies moved without
their families, so much of them were perfect
ironworkers and farmers.
The reason in which they were “perfect” ironworkers
and farmers was because they did not have a family
that they were pressed to tend to.
This allowed them to focus solely on the work that
was placed before them.
In the 1600s , the King of England granted 45,000 sq.
miles of land west of the Delaware River to William
Penn’s North American holdings became the colony
of “Penn’s Woods” or Pennsylvania.
Many Quakers settled there.
Quakers are religious and are totally opposed to war
and violence. Today, we call those kind of people
Pennsylvania also produced paper and textiles.
Large tractor farming was done in this region.
This was a good attribute due to the fact that fertile
soil was also common.
Trade with England was extremely plentiful in the
colonies as well.
All about the Middle colony…
The Middle Colonies were the most diverse
economically, socially, and politically of the three
sets of colonies.
The Middle colonies were actually part agriculture,
Wheat and other grains grew on farms in
Pennsylvania and New York.
5 colonies make up the Southern Colonies:
• North Carolina
• South Carolina
Their main motivation for moving was to make good
money that was available in the new American
Their economy was mainly agriculture based.
This was also the region that was most economically
tied to England.
These colonies were entirely agricultural, they had
large areas of farmland and buildings.
A plantation system was established, it was a large
plot of land that contained a great many acres of
farmland and buildings in which lived the people
who owned the land and the people who worked the
They grew cash crops such as, tobacco and corn.
The Carolina colony was originally a territory that
stretched from Virginia to Florida. In the northern
region, farmers eked out a living. In the southern
half, planters worked over vast estates that produced
corn, lumber, beef and pork and then later in the
Slavery played an important role in the development
of the Carolina colony, they later split and became
North and South Carolina in the 1700s.
Slavery became a way of life early on in the
settlement of the Southern colonies.
In 1700, there were about 250,000 European and
African settlers in North America’s thirteen colonies.
By the year 1775 there were almost 2.5 million slaves
in the South.
This was a trade route that was developed between
England, Africa, and the North American colonies.
In this trade route: Africa sent slaves to America,
America then sent sugar, cotton, and tobacco to
Europe, and then Europe sent textiles and
manufactured goods to Africa.
Many enslaved people were tightly packed and in
horrific condition on the ship as they traveled to
their “new home.” This part of the ship’s voyage was
known as Middle Passage.
The Great Awakening…
The Great Awakening was a spiritual renewal that
swept the American Colonies, especially New
Certain Christians began to stay away from the
concept of worshipping at the time in which had
been led to a general complacency among believers.
These people instead adopted an approach which
was identified by great fervor and emotion in prayer.
The Enlightenment is the classical Greco-Roman
period and the medieval Christian era.
The English, American, and French revolution were
marked as political expressions of the
The major traditions within rightist thought were
reactionary, conservative, and bourgeois.
Conflicting strands within leftist thought regarding
differing views of human nature and the nature of
society; this was a topic of the Enlightenment