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Integrating the socially responsible economy into mainstream policy: an adaptive approach

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Presentation given at the 2nd meeting of the Advisory workgroup on "Quality job creation through network support" of the Council of Europe, Social Cohesion Development and Research Division, …

Presentation given at the 2nd meeting of the Advisory workgroup on "Quality job creation through network support" of the Council of Europe, Social Cohesion Development and Research Division, Strasbourg, 4-5 October 2010

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    • 1. Integrating the socially responsible economy into mainstream policy: an adaptive approach Alberto Cottica - September 2010 lunedì 4 ottobre 2010
    • 2. Public authorities don’t get the socially responsible economy. They need to learn about it. lunedì 4 ottobre 2010
    • 3. How do public authorities learn? lunedì 4 ottobre 2010
    • 4. The learning authority in theory • a new issue gains importance in the eye of the public opinion. • politicians include it in electoral platforms. • elected representatives embed it into law. • new law is enacted as policy by the executive branch. lunedì 4 ottobre 2010
    • 5. And this assumes... • alternative courses of actions can be identified, discussed and selected already in the democratic debate phase. fal se! • the electorate has effective means to enforce their pact with its representatives. fal se! • Law enactment is “linear”. fal se! lunedì 4 ottobre 2010
    • 6. The learning authority in practice • inertia • windows of opportunity • technocracy • “short circuit” feedback loops • information asymmetries and risks of regulatory capture lunedì 4 ottobre 2010
    • 7. Effects of policy are unpredictable even in principle agents + networks + evolution = emergence lunedì 4 ottobre 2010
    • 8. Adaptive policy making: shaping the fitness landscape lunedì 4 ottobre 2010
    • 9. Adaptive policy • cautious • contextual • macroscopic • reversible • incremental • accountable • experimental • sustainable te out comes DON’T dicta enable inputs DO BE HU MBLE = lunedì 4 ottobre 2010
    • 10. A research proposal • build a model • plug in data • check for attrition points • superimpose model and data lunedì 4 ottobre 2010
    • 11. A life cycle of environmental policy in Italy • DISCONFORT (1970s -1980s): as the environment is pushed onto the political agenda, existing institutions are recruited to deal with it • CONCENTRATION (1980s-1990s): ad hoc laws and organizations are created. High visibility of the issue. • DILUTION (2000s): ad hoc organizations decline, environmental concerns integrated into mainstream policies (sometimes only as lip service). general ized?!? Can this be del of result : a mo Ex pected rities public autho learni ng for lunedì 4 ottobre 2010
    • 12. Plug in data • Look for similarities between the socially responsible economy story and the the stories from which our model is derived • Emphasize qualitative and historical evidence nders tanding lt: a d eeper u xpecte d resu ble eco nomy E ally re sponsi of th e soci lunedì 4 ottobre 2010
    • 13. Social innovators: a possible point of attrition • recent (4-5 years) • far from the low-cost social care picture • advanced technology and coordination skills: competitive • global scaffolding structures ers t hink • attention from EU policy makers olicy mak ith h ow p ot fi t w econ omy! Do es n ocial bout the s a lunedì 4 ottobre 2010
    • 14. Finally: superimpose data and model • what has worked elsewhere and might work here? • what has worked elsewhere but is unlikely to work here? • manage metaphors, avoid toxic ones : an array of ected result Exp hacks daptive policy a and b enefits asizing costs emph lunedì 4 ottobre 2010
    • 15. lunedì 4 ottobre 2010
    • 16. Three levels of policy hardest • Constitutional architecture (Common Law vs. civil codes) Be aware of this • Policy style (competitive vs. monopolistic in the provision of public goods) • “Policy hacks” (local changes in policy) easiest act here lunedì 4 ottobre 2010
    • 17. Why public authorities don’t get the socially responsible economy • EMERGENT: no one in charge, no clear political representation • OUTSIDE THE PREVAILING ECONOMIC PARADIGM: moving outside the framework of textbook economics politically risky • FRAMED AS A LOW-COST REMEDY TO MOUNTING HEALTH CARE AND WELFARE COSTS: but its protagonists don’t always see themselves that way • SEEN AS THREATENING: open source software competes successfully with business on previously very profitable markets (Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP...). Open hardware is in its way. What’s next? lunedì 4 ottobre 2010

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