Karl Steinbuch 1957,A German computer scientist ‘informatique’ coined by by Philippe Dreyfus in French language‘informatics’ was translated in English by Walter F. Bauer and his associatesThe term was coined as a combination of "information" and "automatic" to describe the science of automating information interactions.The morphology—informat-ion + -ics—uses "the accepted form for names of sciences, as conics, linguistics, optics, or matters of practice, as economics, politics, tactics",and so, linguistically, the meaning extends easily to encompass both the science of information and the practice of information processing.Informatik meaning : “Referring the application of computers to store and process information”
term was adopted across Western Europe, and, except in English, developed a meaning roughly translated by the English ‘computer science’, or ‘computing science’. Mikhailov et al. advocated the Russian term informatikaIn the English-speaking world the term informatics was first widely used in the compound, ‘medical informatics’‘medical informatics’taken to include "the cognitive, information processing, and communication tasks of medical practice, education, and research, including information science and the technology to support these tasks.
Informatics is developing its own fundamental concepts of communication, knowledge, data, secrecy, interaction and information, relating them to such phenomena as computation, thought and language, and applying them to develop tools for the management of information resources.
Transcript of "Informatics: Introduction"
INFORMATICS: AN INTRODUCTION
Hafiz Nazeer Hussain
Etymology & History of informatics
Definition & Modification and extension of
Components of Information System
Scope of informatics
Information representation in I.S.
Information Processing & communication
Aspects of informatics
Applications of informatics
Purpose of Library as S.I. informatics
Every day we are touched/influenced by
Google, YouTube, Blogs, FaceBook,
Travelocity, GPS systems
data acquisition devices
everyone is creating content
data information knowledge
to advances in science, engineering,
„Informatik’ (Steinbuch, K. 1957), German
Informatik ----------> computer science (in English).
„Informatique’ (Philippe, 1962), French
„Informatics‟ (Walter, 1967)
„Information‟ & „automatic‟, (tic=theory in ‘Greek’)
Informatician or Informaticist.
Informatics and its morphology (conics)
HISTORY OF INFORMATICS
The term „informatika’ adopted & translated as
1962 US: Walter Bauer founded a company named
Today Europe: “Informatics” = Computer Science
Today US: widely used in application contexts:
Generally the meaning of the term consists of
of scientific information
study of the use of information technology
interaction of technology
human organizational structures
“Informatics is the discipline of science which investigates
the structure and properties (not specific content) of
scientific information, as well as the regularities of scientific
information activity, its theory, history, methodology and
MODIFICATION AND EXTENSION OF DEFINITION
Usage has modified this definition in three ways.
The restriction to scientific information is
Most information is now digitally
stored, computation is now central to
Representation, processing & communication
of information are added as objects of
Informatics studies the interaction of information
with individuals and organizations, as well as the
computability, and the hardware and software
communicate digitized information. It includes the
study of communication as a process that links
individuals and organizations (Indiana University, 2010)
SCOPE OF INFORMATICS
Analogue & Digital Records (Text, sound, images,
Computer communication and networks
INFORMATION REPRESENTATION IN I.S.
INFORMATION PROCESSING & COMMUNICATION
Data, information & knowledge
Natural language processing (NLP)
Automated natural language generation
SOCIAL INFORMATICS (SI)
SI examines social aspects of computerization –
including the roles of IT in social and organizational
change, the uses of ITs in social contexts, and the
ways that the social organization of ITs is influenced
by social forces and social practices.
SI is scattered in the curriculum of different
Science, Informatics and Web Sociology, etc.
SOCIAL INFORMATICS & LIS
Three “big questions” for LIS
“Physical” question about the fundamental
laws & features of recorded information,
“Social” question about the ways in which
people interact with & make use of information,
“Design” question about the ways in which
access to information can be improved.
SI overlaps with information science.
use of ICT into information
organizations, including libraries
WHAT IS SI & WHY DOES IT MATTER IN LIS?
It addresses questions of fundamental importance
in library and information science and other fields;
How can we best understand the complex relationships
in which system design & use
PURPOSE OF LIBRARY INFORMATICS AS S.I.
Studying how to design a system that delivers
the right information, to the right person in the
right place and time, in the right way, and is
intimately tied to workflow discussions and
DON’T BE CONFUSED WITH…
Study of quantitative
aspects of information. This
includes the production,
dissemination and use of all
forms of information,
regardless of its form or
Informatics studies the
structure, behavior, and
interactions of natural and
artificial systems that store,
process and communicate
Develops its own conceptual
and theoretical foundations
quantitative aspects (QA)
Webometrics, studies QA of
Cybermetrics, is similar to
Webometrics, but broadens
its definition to include
Bibliometrics, studies QA of
Information user and Usage
Application of IT, Information
Science, Computer Science,
Business Management, Project
Management in a field - i.e.
Health Care or Finance
Science of information
Practice of information
Engineering of information
Information and communication technologies have
become essential components of many people‟s
work and social lives.
Technological changes will continue to revolutionize
the ways to manage, share and analyze data, and
will provide new ways of transforming data into
information and knowledge.
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