MAJOR CHALLENGES TO
AGRICULTURE
PRODUCTION AND
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR AJK
Presentation by
Abdul Hafeez
January 20, 2007
Sequence
 Why Agriculture in AJK?
 Major Challenges / Constraints
 Potential
 Best Management Practices (BMP)
 Recomm...
AJK is poorest and environmentally
most fragile region in Pakistan,
Why Agriculture in AJK?
AJK is endowed with diverse an...
Why Agriculture in AJK ? contd…
AJK is declared best region for
vegetable & maize seed production,
AJK can produce off sea...
AJK agriculture is typical of mountain agriculture,
which is different than plains agriculture,
Salient Feature of AJK Agr...
Salient Feature of AJK Agriculture contd..
Major Crops: Maize, Wheat, rice,
Major Vegetables: Tomato, Bean, potato,
Spinac...
Crop production being rain fed, is subject to
vagaries of nature,
CONSTRAINTS IN AGRI. PROD.
Immense human and livestock p...
CONSTRAINTS IN AGRI. PROD. Contd..
Lack of technical know-how
Smallholders have limited financial resources
Limited market...
CONSTRAINTS IN AGRI. PROD. Contd..
Unavailability of farm-machinery at farmer field
Unavailability of storage facilities f...
POTENTIAL
Abundant natural Water sources
Best region for vegetable and maize seed
production,
Great diversity of physical ...
POTENTIAL contd..
Best cut flowers production especially glandulus,
rose tuber rose, etc.
Kashmir Vegetable and Fruit dema...
A View of Kashmir’s Vegetable Farm
Best Management Practices (BMP)
- Soil management, fertilizers and manure use
Key focus areas in BMPs by advanced
countrie...
Best Management Practices (BMP contd..)
- Harvesting and storage
- Integrated pest management (IPM)
- Irrigation and incre...
Strengthening of research and technical services,
Recommendations
Productivity enhancement through promotion of
horticultu...
Recommendations (Contd…)
On farm water management + Water & Soil
Conservation & Irrigation Techniques
Farm machinery shoul...
Recommendations (Contd…)
Medicinal plants + unconventional crops and
crop production
Strengthening the linkages between pu...
Recommendations (Contd…)
Development of domestic markets + Improve
access to market information,
Strengthening the linkage...
Recommendations
AJK should be included in all national
programmes,
Chances of promotion of agriculture officers
should be ...
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  1. 1. MAJOR CHALLENGES TO AGRICULTURE PRODUCTION AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR AJK Presentation by Abdul Hafeez January 20, 2007
  2. 2. Sequence  Why Agriculture in AJK?  Major Challenges / Constraints  Potential  Best Management Practices (BMP)  Recommendation for AJK
  3. 3. AJK is poorest and environmentally most fragile region in Pakistan, Why Agriculture in AJK? AJK is endowed with diverse and wide- ranging soil, climatic & socio-economic conditions, 87% of the population live in rural areas & gain their livelihood from farming, Soil pH is 6.5 to 8.0 which is very good for plant growth,
  4. 4. Why Agriculture in AJK ? contd… AJK is declared best region for vegetable & maize seed production, AJK can produce off season vegetable and fruits for plain areas of Pakistan, Natural resources and the daring people who could do much better if shown the way. There is close connection between agricultural productivity, poverty & environmental degradation,
  5. 5. AJK agriculture is typical of mountain agriculture, which is different than plains agriculture, Salient Feature of AJK Agriculture contd,, On the basis of land physiography, climate and soil, AJK is divided into four agro ecological zones, Average farm holdings are small and generally un-economical, below one hectare
  6. 6. Salient Feature of AJK Agriculture contd.. Major Crops: Maize, Wheat, rice, Major Vegetables: Tomato, Bean, potato, Spinach, Turnip, Karam , Major Fruits: Apple, Pear, Apricot, Walnut, Plum & Cherry .
  7. 7. Crop production being rain fed, is subject to vagaries of nature, CONSTRAINTS IN AGRI. PROD. Immense human and livestock population pressure, Agri. research cannot be initiated on continuum and sustainable basis Poor marketing infrastructure, 20-30% of the fruit and vegetables are wasted from the farm to consumer,
  8. 8. CONSTRAINTS IN AGRI. PROD. Contd.. Lack of technical know-how Smallholders have limited financial resources Limited market information available at producer level Negligible credit facilities and complicated system of Agricultural Loaning
  9. 9. CONSTRAINTS IN AGRI. PROD. Contd.. Unavailability of farm-machinery at farmer field Unavailability of storage facilities for fruits and other agricultural commodities Limited governmental support Opportunities for promotion to professional staff are negligible,
  10. 10. POTENTIAL Abundant natural Water sources Best region for vegetable and maize seed production, Great diversity of physical geography, climate & land to produce quality fruit, flowers & vegetable Best areas for walnut and cherry production
  11. 11. POTENTIAL contd.. Best cut flowers production especially glandulus, rose tuber rose, etc. Kashmir Vegetable and Fruit demand growing in markets of Pakistan Best climate for Medicinal plants & other cash crops Suitable environment for Olive production enviorement
  12. 12. A View of Kashmir’s Vegetable Farm
  13. 13. Best Management Practices (BMP) - Soil management, fertilizers and manure use Key focus areas in BMPs by advanced countries: BMPs are the tool for meeting today’s agricultural goals. - Nutrient management for maintaining and restoring soil fertility - Sowing/ Seeding plan and techniques
  14. 14. Best Management Practices (BMP contd..) - Harvesting and storage - Integrated pest management (IPM) - Irrigation and increasing WUE - Fertilizer management (Fert. Placement + through irrigation, - Value addition and Marketing - Training and Extension - Biological Control
  15. 15. Strengthening of research and technical services, Recommendations Productivity enhancement through promotion of horticulture, non-conventional commercial crops & cereals, Substitution of high value crops, Using of Sloping Agriculture Land Technologies (SALT)
  16. 16. Recommendations (Contd…) On farm water management + Water & Soil Conservation & Irrigation Techniques Farm machinery should be provided at least union council level Walnut and cherries cultivation should be promoted on sub watershed basis Micro finance programme for real former should be started,
  17. 17. Recommendations (Contd…) Medicinal plants + unconventional crops and crop production Strengthening the linkages between public & private sector for export of high value commodities. Improvement of rural infrastructure Organic farming should be encouraged to reduce environmental degradations
  18. 18. Recommendations (Contd…) Development of domestic markets + Improve access to market information, Strengthening the linkages between public & private sector for export of high value commodities. Development of marketing strategies, Appropriate government support to agriculture sector,
  19. 19. Recommendations AJK should be included in all national programmes, Chances of promotion of agriculture officers should be equated at least with other cadres of officers. Recommendations contd..
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