Presentation Skills

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how to present urself

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Presentation Skills

  1. 1. Effective Presentations Skills
  2. 2. ““Great speakers aren’t born,Great speakers aren’t born, they are trained.”they are trained.” Presenting is a Skill…Presenting is a Skill… Developed through experienceDeveloped through experience and training.and training. Source: http://www.hplearningcenter.comSource: http://www.hplearningcenter.com
  3. 3. DefinitionsDefinitions PresentationPresentation ““Something set forth to an audience forSomething set forth to an audience for the attention of the mind “the attention of the mind “ EffectiveEffective “…“…producing a desired result”producing a desired result” Source: http://www.merriam-webster.comSource: http://www.merriam-webster.com
  4. 4. #1 Fear#1 Fear Feared More Than Death!Feared More Than Death! THE FACTS: Shaky hands, blushingTHE FACTS: Shaky hands, blushing cheeks, memory loss, nausea, andcheeks, memory loss, nausea, and knocking kneesknocking knees NORMAL!NORMAL!
  5. 5. Causes of the AnxietyCauses of the Anxiety Fear of the Unknown OR Loss ofFear of the Unknown OR Loss of ControlControl Fight or Flight ModeFight or Flight Mode No Backup PlanNo Backup Plan No Enthusiasm For SubjectNo Enthusiasm For Subject Focus of AttentionFocus of Attention
  6. 6. Planning Your PresentationPlanning Your Presentation 1.1. Determine PurposeDetermine Purpose 2.2. Assess Your AudienceAssess Your Audience – ““Success depends on your ability toSuccess depends on your ability to reach your audience.”reach your audience.” – SizeSize – DemographicsDemographics – Knowledge LevelKnowledge Level – MotivationMotivation
  7. 7. Organizing Your PresentationOrganizing Your Presentation Organizational PatternsOrganizational Patterns TopicalTopical ChronologicalChronological Problem/SolutionProblem/Solution Cause/EffectCause/Effect
  8. 8. Presentation OutlinePresentation Outline Keyword RemindersKeyword Reminders Conversational FlowConversational Flow FlexibilityFlexibility More Responsive to AudienceMore Responsive to Audience
  9. 9. AVOID…..AVOID….. *Rushing * Fidgeting * Too many visuals *Reading
  10. 10. REMEMBER…..REMEMBER….. SMILESMILE && RELAXRELAX NERVOUSNESS IS NORMAL!
  11. 11. Guideline for Answering QuestionsGuideline for Answering Questions  Anticipate Questions: think of the ten most likely questions andAnticipate Questions: think of the ten most likely questions and plan out your answerplan out your answer  Understand the Question: paraphrase it if necessary; repeat it ifUnderstand the Question: paraphrase it if necessary; repeat it if neededneeded  Plan the Answer: particularly if you anticipated the questionPlan the Answer: particularly if you anticipated the question  Do Not DigressDo Not Digress  Be Honest: if you can't answer the question, say soBe Honest: if you can't answer the question, say so  Reinterpret Loaded Questions: if attcked try to show theReinterpret Loaded Questions: if attcked try to show the similarity to other situationssimilarity to other situations  Control Interchanges: if a questionner becomes a heckler try toControl Interchanges: if a questionner becomes a heckler try to enlist the audience; if a questioner digresses, try to remind theenlist the audience; if a questioner digresses, try to remind the audience of the goal of the presentationaudience of the goal of the presentation  Use the Last Question to SummarizeUse the Last Question to Summarize
  12. 12.  Purpose:- Why are you speaking? What do you want audience members to know, think, believe, or do as a result of your presentation  People : Who is your audience? How do the characteristics, skills, opinions, and behaviours of your audience affect your purpose  Place: Why are you speaking to this group now and in this place? How can you plan and adapt to the logistics of this place. How can you use visual aids to help you achieve your purpose
  13. 13.  Preparation Where and how can you find good ideas and information for your speech? How much and what kind of supporting materials do you need.  Planning: Is there a natural order to the ideas and information you will use? What are the most effective ways to organize your speech in order to adapt it to the purpose, people, place, etc.  Personality: How do you become associated with your message in a positive way? What can you do to demonstrate your competence, charisma, and character to the audience?  Performance: What form of delivery is best suited to the purpose of your speech. What delivery techniques will make your presentation more effective. How should you practice?
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