Education In Period 1957 1970

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  • 1.  
  • 2. The period from 1957-1970 two main focus :
    • Democratization of Education
    • Education for national integration
  • 3.
    • The introduction of Razak report (1956) and the subsequent education ordinance (1957), saw the emergence of a concerted effort to destroy the monointegration of ‘education’ to particular group and bring out multiple integration of education to social institutions and the nation as a whole.
  • 4. Some of the recommendation of Razak reports :
    • The education in general would be instructed by the minister who would also be responsible for secondary education, teacher training and other matters related to education.
    • The establishment of national type secondary school open to all races
    • The curriculum of both the primary and secondary schools was to be Malay oriented and this was to be implemented via common syllabus
  • 5.
    • To facilitate the implementation of the national system of education, the education committee of 1956 outlined certain principles with regard to teacher training :
    • For primary school :
    • All student teachers should have :
    • 1. successfully completed three years of secondary of education.
    • 2. one year full time training followed by two years part time training in colleges or in full time training units.
  • 6.
    • For specialist teachers of languages in primary schools and lower forms of secondary schools :
    • All students teachers should have :
    • 1. full secondary education
    • 2. two years full time training
    • For subject teachers in lower secondary forms :
      • All student teachers should have :
      • 1. full secondary education
      • 2. two years full time training
  • 7.
    • For teachers for trade schools :
    • All student teachers should have :
    • 1. successful completion of appropriate course in the Technical Institute
    • 2. one year full time training at the Vocational Teacher’s Training Institute followed by one year part time training.
  • 8.
    • For teachers for technical institute :
    • All student teachers should have :
    • 1. fully secondary education followed by adequate and suitable industrial training either and experience.
    • 2. one year of teaching training
    • 1. full secondary education followed by the or Diploma of the Technical College
    • 2. suitable for teacher training
  • 9.
    • In 1960, the Rahman Talib report recommended a new type of post-primary school to be known Sekolah Pelajaran Lanjutan (continuation school) .
    • These schools offered three further years of education upon completion of primary education, with a vocational for pupils who fail to gain entry to other secondary school.
    • In 1965, the comprehensive system was introduced and hence 6 years primary and 3 years of lower secondary education became available to all children.
    • To facilitate the aims of education as put forward by The Razak report 1956 and The Rahman Talib Report 1960, teacher education took following direction.
  • 10.
    • Primary Teacher Training Courses
    • From the report of the Education Committee , it was decided to have a standard form of teacher training in four different language media to cater for the four different language types of Primary Schools.
    • The length of training varied according to the academic qualifications as follows :
    • 3 years training , made up of 2 years full time training plus 1 final year of weekend training with part time teaching for students with only the minimum academic qualifications of the LCE/SRP
    • 2 years full time training for students with the School Certificate with a credit in main language.