Group # 5
Roll # (21-25)
Pragmatism means dealing with practical
It is an American contribution to the history of
It focuses on personal experiences.
It also known as Experimentalism &
Man is the measures of all things.
Charles S. Peirce (1839 –
William James (1842 – 1910)
John Dewey (1859 – 1952)
CONCEPT OF REALITY
Mind & matter are not two separate &
We know about matter only as we
Mind is a tool for reflecting the experiences.
Reality is not an “Abstract” thing rather it is a
What is real today may not be as real
CONCEPT OF KNOWLEDGE
Knowledge is based upon “experience”.
Man has an exploratory & active mind.
We learn through transactional experience.
Truth may be different according to the
Beliefs are personal for every one.
Harmony of the man with the environment.
Knowledge is for adjustment in society.
CONCEPT OF VALUES
Values are relative.
There are not absolute principles.
Ethically good is that which works.
Values are instrumental.
There is no fix criterion for values.
PRINCIPLES OF PRAGMAISM
Emphasize on change
AIMS OF EDUCATION
Aims are not final, fixed & immutable.
Construct knowledge by self experience.
Social adjustment without losing individuality.
Life long process.
Development of democratic behaviour.
Problem solving ability by using scientific
Preparation for practical life.
Useful for present needs
(Language, History, Science, Geography,
Physical Training, &Home Science for girls)
Interested according to age level
Child centered & integrated
ROLE OF TEACHER
Helper & Guide
Main task of teacher is to suggest problems
to his pupils & guide them to find out
CONCEPT OF LEADERSHIP
A Pragmatic Leader should be selected from
social group/ community.
Leader should have competency & vision.
Wider participation of society in decision
Authoritative role is disagreeable.
Assessment on the basis of performance
Problem solving tasks
Strong Evaluation system
They provide definite aims of Education.
Teaching methods are based on Learning by
Democratic way of Learning.
Utility is final criterion.
Self experience is more important than
Teacher’s role is to just facilitate.
MERITS OF PRAGMATISM
More Importance to child rather than subject
Emphasize on Activity
Faith in applied life
Social & Democratic Education
Infusion of new methods in Education
Construction of Project Method
Lack of Standards
Opposition to eternal truths
Opposition to pre-determined values & Ideas
Negation of spiritual values
Negation of rich culture of past
It is a method rather than a philosophy
No determined aims of Education
Problem in Curriculum development