How to: Write an Introduction and Closing ParagraphPresentation Transcript
By: Husain Baaqel ENC 1102 Kyle Stedman
Writing an Essay
The most important factors to consider when writing an essay are a proper introduction and conclusion.
These two paragraphs are the backbone of the essay.
It’s sort of like a sandwich. The introduction and conclusion symbolize the bread slices.
First impressions are very important.
The first sentence of a paper sets the stage for a lasting opinion. 1
The start of the introduction should always grab the reader’s attention.
When starting the introduction, do NOT blatantly announce the purpose of the essay. 2
Example: In this paper, I will….
1: Quoted from Grace Fleming’s “How to Write a Strong Introduction” 2: Adapted from- Things NOT to do in an introductory paragraph.
When writing an introduction, important concepts to keep in mind are:
Clearly state the subject being dealt with
State the narrow topic the paper is focusing on
End the introduction with a clear thesis by mentioning the position being taken
The Dreaded Thesis Statement!
Coming up with a proper thesis statement can be difficult.
To make this process simpler follow these simple rules 3 :
Make the thesis statement narrow, specific and clear
Do NOT promise any analysis or review on the topic
Try to find a specific argument to defend
Yes!: I will argue that the use of marijuana should be legalized.
No!!: I wish to review the pros of making marijuana legal.
3: Quoted from “How to write a structured essay”
Wrapping It Up
The conclusion provides the writer one last chance to persuade the reader.
It should contain the restated thesis and a summary of the main points.
The most important thing to remember is that the conclusion should “convey a sense of completeness and closure as well as a sense of the lingering possibilities of the topic.” 4
4: Harvard’s website on Writing a Conclusion
A Conclusion Should NOT…
Be a simple summary of the essay
Contain an apology for your position on the argument
Allow readers the chance to question your stance on the topic
Do not undercut your authority by using phrases such as: “This is just one approach..” “It seems like…”
Begin with: “in conclusion,” “to conclude,” or “in summary” 5
5: Harvard's Website on Writing a Conclusion
In the end…
Using these simple tips will help you create effective introduction and conclusion paragraphs which will make your essay flow.
" A Proper Introduction: Things NOT to do in an introductory paragraph." The Guide to Grammar and Writing . Capital Community College Foundation. 29 Apr 2009 <http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/GRAMMAR/intros.htm>.
Bellanca, Pat. "Ending The Essay: Conclusions." Writing Center . 1998. Harvard University.