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How to: Write an Introduction and Closing Paragraph






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    How to: Write an Introduction and Closing Paragraph How to: Write an Introduction and Closing Paragraph Presentation Transcript

    • By: Husain Baaqel ENC 1102 Kyle Stedman
    • Writing an Essay
      • The most important factors to consider when writing an essay are a proper introduction and conclusion.
      • These two paragraphs are the backbone of the essay.
      • It’s sort of like a sandwich. The introduction and conclusion symbolize the bread slices.
    • The Introduction!
      • First impressions are very important.
      • The first sentence of a paper sets the stage for a lasting opinion. 1
      • The start of the introduction should always grab the reader’s attention.
      • When starting the introduction, do NOT blatantly announce the purpose of the essay. 2
        • Example: In this paper, I will….
      1: Quoted from Grace Fleming’s “How to Write a Strong Introduction” 2: Adapted from- Things NOT to do in an introductory paragraph.
    • Introduction Guidelines
      • When writing an introduction, important concepts to keep in mind are:
        • Clearly state the subject being dealt with
        • State the narrow topic the paper is focusing on
        • End the introduction with a clear thesis by mentioning the position being taken
    • The Dreaded Thesis Statement!
      • Coming up with a proper thesis statement can be difficult.
      • To make this process simpler follow these simple rules 3 :
        • Make the thesis statement narrow, specific and clear
        • Do NOT promise any analysis or review on the topic
        • Try to find a specific argument to defend
      • Yes!: I will argue that the use of marijuana should be legalized.
      • No!!: I wish to review the pros of making marijuana legal.
      3: Quoted from “How to write a structured essay”
    • Wrapping It Up
      • The conclusion provides the writer one last chance to persuade the reader.
      • It should contain the restated thesis and a summary of the main points.
      • The most important thing to remember is that the conclusion should “convey a sense of completeness and closure as well as a sense of the lingering possibilities of the topic.” 4
      4: Harvard’s website on Writing a Conclusion
    • A Conclusion Should NOT…
      • Be a simple summary of the essay
      • Contain an apology for your position on the argument
      • Allow readers the chance to question your stance on the topic
        • Do not undercut your authority by using phrases such as: “This is just one approach..” “It seems like…”
      • Begin with: “in conclusion,” “to conclude,” or “in summary” 5
      5: Harvard's Website on Writing a Conclusion
    • In the end…
      • Using these simple tips will help you create effective introduction and conclusion paragraphs which will make your essay flow.
        • &quot; A Proper Introduction: Things NOT to do in an introductory paragraph.&quot; The Guide to Grammar and Writing . Capital Community College Foundation. 29 Apr 2009 <http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/GRAMMAR/intros.htm>.
      • Bellanca, Pat. &quot;Ending The Essay: Conclusions.&quot; Writing Center . 1998. Harvard University.
      • 29 Apr 2009
      • <http://www.fas.harvard.edu/~wricntr/documents/Conclusions.html>.
      • Fleming, Grace. &quot;The Introductory Paragraph: Start With a Great First Sentence.&quot;
      • About.com . 29 Apr 2009
      • <http://homeworktips.about.com/od/paperassignments/a/introsentence.htm>.
      • &quot;How to Write a Structured Essay.&quot; EastChance.com . 2000. 29 Apr 2009
      • <http://www.eastchance.com/howto/struct_es.asp>.