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How to: Write an Introduction and Closing Paragraph



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  • 1. By: Husain Baaqel ENC 1102 Kyle Stedman
  • 2. Writing an Essay
    • The most important factors to consider when writing an essay are a proper introduction and conclusion.
    • These two paragraphs are the backbone of the essay.
    • It’s sort of like a sandwich. The introduction and conclusion symbolize the bread slices.
  • 3. The Introduction!
    • First impressions are very important.
    • The first sentence of a paper sets the stage for a lasting opinion. 1
    • The start of the introduction should always grab the reader’s attention.
    • When starting the introduction, do NOT blatantly announce the purpose of the essay. 2
      • Example: In this paper, I will….
    1: Quoted from Grace Fleming’s “How to Write a Strong Introduction” 2: Adapted from- Things NOT to do in an introductory paragraph.
  • 4. Introduction Guidelines
    • When writing an introduction, important concepts to keep in mind are:
      • Clearly state the subject being dealt with
      • State the narrow topic the paper is focusing on
      • End the introduction with a clear thesis by mentioning the position being taken
  • 5. The Dreaded Thesis Statement!
    • Coming up with a proper thesis statement can be difficult.
    • To make this process simpler follow these simple rules 3 :
      • Make the thesis statement narrow, specific and clear
      • Do NOT promise any analysis or review on the topic
      • Try to find a specific argument to defend
    • Yes!: I will argue that the use of marijuana should be legalized.
    • No!!: I wish to review the pros of making marijuana legal.
    3: Quoted from “How to write a structured essay”
  • 6.  
  • 7. Wrapping It Up
    • The conclusion provides the writer one last chance to persuade the reader.
    • It should contain the restated thesis and a summary of the main points.
    • The most important thing to remember is that the conclusion should “convey a sense of completeness and closure as well as a sense of the lingering possibilities of the topic.” 4
    4: Harvard’s website on Writing a Conclusion
  • 8. A Conclusion Should NOT…
    • Be a simple summary of the essay
    • Contain an apology for your position on the argument
    • Allow readers the chance to question your stance on the topic
      • Do not undercut your authority by using phrases such as: “This is just one approach..” “It seems like…”
    • Begin with: “in conclusion,” “to conclude,” or “in summary” 5
    5: Harvard's Website on Writing a Conclusion
  • 9. In the end…
    • Using these simple tips will help you create effective introduction and conclusion paragraphs which will make your essay flow.
  • 10.
      • &quot; A Proper Introduction: Things NOT to do in an introductory paragraph.&quot; The Guide to Grammar and Writing . Capital Community College Foundation. 29 Apr 2009 <>.
    • Bellanca, Pat. &quot;Ending The Essay: Conclusions.&quot; Writing Center . 1998. Harvard University.
    • 29 Apr 2009
    • <>.
    • Fleming, Grace. &quot;The Introductory Paragraph: Start With a Great First Sentence.&quot;
    • . 29 Apr 2009
    • <>.
    • &quot;How to Write a Structured Essay.&quot; . 2000. 29 Apr 2009
    • <>.