Nursing ethics

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this a lectuer on nursing ethics that have ben given on the corrce of quality managment for nurses held by the MCH in jeddah on 2009

this a lectuer on nursing ethics that have ben given on the corrce of quality managment for nurses held by the MCH in jeddah on 2009

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  • 1. 04/17/10
  • 2.
    • -Ethics are a systematic philosophical method of inquiry that assists people in understanding the morality of human behavior and social policies
    • The study of philosophical ideals of right and wrong behavior.
    04/17/10
  • 3. - Involve principles and values with universal application and standards of conduct in all situations. 04/17/10 - Are what each person hold as true for himself or herself.
  • 4. Four principles and values that are integral to the professional nurse’s practice: 1- Respect the patient’s autonomy. (Independence) 2- Act with beneficence. (Be a benefit self and others) 3- Act with non malfeasances. (Not harmful) 4- Act with justice. (Fairness) 04/17/10
  • 5. Code of Ethics: Is a set of ethical principles that are accepted by all members of a profession. The core principles of nursing ethics are: 04/17/10
  • 6.
    • The ability to answer for one’s own actions.
    • The nurse balances accountability to the client, profession, employer, and society.
    • Accountability is best ensured and measured when quality of care has been defined.
    04/17/10
  • 7.
    • Refers to the characteristics of reliability and dependability.
    • (An ability to distinguish between right and wrong).
    • In professional nursing responsibility includes a duty to perform action well and thoughtfully.
    04/17/10
  • 8.
    • e.g When administering a medication the nurse is responsible for assessing the client’s need for it & making sure that it is given in a right and a correct manner and evaluating the response to it.
    • The nurse gains trust from clients, colleagues a& society when act responsibly.
    04/17/10
  • 9.
    • Information about a client must be kept private.
    • Client’s record is accessible only to those providing care to that client.
    • Discussing clients outside the clinical setting, telling friends or family about clients must be avoided.
    • Medical records may not be copied or forwarded without a client’s consent.
    04/17/10
  • 10. *** Breaking confidentiality can be if there is a well-defined reason to share information. (Benefit outweigh harm). 04/17/10
  • 11. 04/17/10
  • 12.
    • ( e.g.. Privacy of P.T is cared for when closing the room door when performing nursing care , confidentiality is cared for by not discussing that care with some one that is not a member of that P.T health care team)
  • 13. Means telling the truth. Or Accuracy or conformity to truth. - Truthfulness may be challenged during the delivery of health care. 04/17/10
  • 14. Means being faithful to one’s commitments and promises. - Nurse’s commitments to clients include providing safe care and maintaining competence in nursing practice. 04/17/10
  • 15.
    • Is the avoidance of harm.
    • When work with client nurses must not cause injury or suffering by maintaining competency in clinical practice.
    • Promote balance of potential risk included harms with benefits
    04/17/10
  • 16. Refers to taking positive actions to help others. Or Means doing or promoting good. Nurses duty to help promote the well-being of others. e.g Administer pain medication and dressing and emotional support and Child’s immunization. 04/17/10
  • 17. Means independence and the ability to be self-directed. ** Incorporates principles of freedom of choice, self-determination, and privacy. e.g Consent (How) 04/17/10
  • 18.
    • It respects the P.T choice of accepting or refusing medical or surgical treatment
  • 19. Refers to fairness (treat all clients equally and fairly). - Relates to the distribution of services and resources (resource allocation throughout a society of group). 04/17/10
  • 20.
    • Nurses commonly face issues of justice when organizing care for a group of clients
    • how much time is spent with each client?
    • (Based on client need).
    • Fair distribution of resources.
    • Dilemmas arise when resources are insufficient to meet the needs of everyone.
    04/17/10
  • 21. 04/17/10
  • 22.
    • Are the legal guidelines for nursing practice.
    • Breach of standards of care is one element that must be proven in tort of nursing negligence or malpractice.
    • Used to determine whether the nurse acted appropriately or not.
    04/17/10
  • 23.
    • Elements of standards :
    • Scope of nursing practice.
    • Licensure.
    • Good Samaritan Laws.
    04/17/10
  • 24. Is a civil wrong made against a person or property. 04/17/10
  • 25.
    • Assault: Is the threat to bring about harmful of offensive contact.
    • Battery: Is actual carrying out of such threat.
    04/17/10
  • 26.
    • Defamation of Character.
    • Fraud.
    • Invasion of Privacy.
    04/17/10
  • 27.
    • Negligence: Is conduct that falls below the standard of care.
    • Malpractice: Referred to professional negligence.
    04/17/10
  • 28. 1- A duty to the plaintiff. 2- A failure to meet the standard of care or a breach of duty. 3- Causation (breach of duty produced the injury). 4- Damages, which require an injury to the client. 04/17/10
  • 29.
    • Thank you and have a nice day