Women empowerment through distance education

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Women empowerment through distance education

  1. 1. DR. K.B PRAVEENA ASST. PROFESSOR IN EDUCATION (PG) HAMID M. AZIMI RESEARCH SCHOLAR 1
  2. 2. Women Empowerment Through Distance Education 2 Sep, 12-13, 2013
  3. 3. “To awaken the people, it is women who must be awaken; once she is on the move, the family moves, the village moves and the nation moves” 3
  4. 4. Societies often impose physical restrictions on women’s mobility. . Introduction 4
  5. 5. 5 Studies from Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan have clearly shown that parents refrain from sending their daughters to school not so much because they fear for their daughter’s safety, but because they are wary of upsetting traditional gender roles which give girls little choice in matters of Education. (Kanwar and Taplin, 2001)
  6. 6. Education is the most potent instrument for the emancipation of any group of people. 6
  7. 7. It is on this believe that argued that Women all over the world have been categorized under the disadvantaged groups of people and society itself has systematically and consistently pursued the socialization of women into accepting the notion of disadvantaged group. 7
  8. 8. Education opens the opportunity and choice for women. 8
  9. 9. When women are given the requisite education, relevant to their needs and environment, they will gradually become more visible and recognised in the mainstream of activities both at home and in society at large. 9
  10. 10. Empowerment Empowerment is the process and the result of the process whereby the powerless or less powerful members of the society gain greater access and control over material and knowledge, resources, challenges and ideologies of discrimination and subordination and transform the institutions and structures through which unequal access and control over resources is sustained and perpetuated. 10
  11. 11. Distance Education  teaching at a distance  involves the use of either print, audio, video or interactive components.  While much of distance education remains print-based only  Interaction may be via television, teleconferencing, mail, fax, E-mail or one-on-one telephone interaction between learner and teacher 11
  12. 12. Distance instruction is delivered through: 12
  13. 13. The advantage of distance education as an alternative option to women is that they can enroll for the course of their interest and need, based on the social or professional requirements 13
  14. 14. Therefore, distance education becomes an inevitable tool for providing skills-based education and training. Research evidence also shows that “women with more education or higher qualifications earn more, on an average, than women with minimum level of education” (McIntosh, 1973, p.28). 14
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  18. 18. m-learning 18
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  20. 20. References • Indiresan,Jaya(1996) `Emerging Technologies in Open and Distance Education, Implications for Women in Women and Emerging Technologies' editors Regina Papa and Yasodha Shanmuga Sundaram, British Council Division. Emerald Publishers, Chennai, 1996. • Janaki,D.(2006).Empowering Women through Distance Learning in India. Retrived on 14.08.2013 from; http://pcf4.dec.uwi.edu/viewabstract.php?id=329 Learning, 16 (2), 155-168. • Kanwar, A. and M. Taplin (eds) Brave New Women of Asia. Commonwealth of Learning, 2001. • Keegan, D. (1986). Foundations of distance education (2nd ed.). New York: Routledge. • Mclntosh, N.E. (1973). Women in higher education. Proceedings of the staff development conference, 29 June. London: Staff Development in University Programme. • Moore, M. G. (1990). Recent contributions to the theory of distance education. Open Learning, 10-15. • Okeke E.A.C. (1995) “Women Empowerment and Rural Developmen”. In E .C. Eboh, C. U. Okoye & D Ayichi (Eds) Rural Development in Nigeria: Concepts, Processes and Prospects. Enugu. Auto-Century pp.152-163. • Olakulein, F.K (2006). Distance Education as a Women Empowerment Strategy in Africa. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education-TOJDE January 2006 ISSN 1302-6488 Volume: 7 Number: 1 • Pillai, J.K. (1995). Women and employment, New Delhi: Gyan Publishing. • Smith, E. & Norlen, V. S. (1994). Tele-distance education in women’s studies: Issues for feminist pedagogy. Canadian Journal for the Study of Adult Education, 8(2), 29-44. • UNESCO (2002) Open and Distance Learning: Trends, Policy and Strategy Considerations. Paris. UNESCO. • World Bank (2001a). Engendering Development through gender equity in rights, resources, and voice., Washington : World Bank, and New York : Oxford University Press 20
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