EDEN - Pps6 Eden Project Description


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EDEN - Pps6 Eden Project Description

  1. 1. PPS6 EDEN Project Description IST March 2007
  2. 2. PPS6 EDEN Project Description 2 Contents 1. Portugal Vision & Scenario Development............................................... 6 2 Pathway Analysis....................................................................................... 8 3 TIMES-Model .............................................................................................. 9 4 ISIS-Model................................................................................................. 11 5. Environmental impacts – COPERT III Model and stationary emissions equivalent............................................................................... 12 6 Key Change and Actor Mapping (KCAM)............................................... 13 7 Infrastructure Analysis ............................................................................ 14 8 Niche Markets........................................................................................... 16 9 Roadmap Synthesis................................................................................ 18 10 Action Plan ............................................................................................. 19 11. Contact List .............................................................................................. 20 12. Meeting Agendas .................................................................................... 21
  3. 3. PPS6 EDEN Project Description 3 Overview of Tasks Phase Activity % Total Time Responsible Portugal Vision and Scenario 5 IST Development 5 INEGI Impact Analysis Method Economic E3 database 5 IST F1 TIMES 20 Social ISIS 10 IST (subcontract) Environmental COPERT 10 INETI Transition Method Analysis of KCAM 10 SRE Potential Challenges & F2 Infrastructure 15 INEGI Opportunities EDP Niche Markets 5 SRE Roadmap Synthesis 5 All F3 Action Plan 10 All Table 1: Overview of Project and Tasks Structure Three workshops and one work level meeting are planned: First workshop: March 21, 2007 at INEGI, Porto. • Second workshop: September 24/ 25, 2007 at EDP, Lisbon • Work level meeting: February 2 – 14, 2008 at IST, Lisbon • Final Dissemination meeting: May 15 – 31, 2008 location tbc, Lisbon •
  4. 4. PPS6 EDEN Project Description 4 The project is divided into a series of tasks summarized in the table below: # Task Title Responsible 1 Portugal Vision and Scenario Development IST 2 Pathway analysis IST 3 TIMES Model IST F1 4 ISIS Model IST (subcontract) 5 Environmental impacts - COPERT III Model & stationary INETI equivalent 6 Key Change and Actor Mapping (KCAM) SRE F2 7 Infrastructure Analysis EDP & INEGI 8 Niche Markets SRE 9 Roadmap Synthesis IST F3 10 Action Plan IST Table 2: List of Tasks Each task has clearly defined deliverables (marked as D) and meetings (marked as M) a list of these is presented in the table below: # Deliverable Short Description Due date Responsible F1 M 1 First Workshop 27.03.07 INEGI D 1.1 Energy Chain Tables 10.05.07 IST D 1.2 Penetration Rates 10.05.07 IST D 1.3 Descriptive Energy Vision 10.05.07 IST M2 Second Workshop 24.09.07 IST D 2.1 The Pathway Analysis Report 31.11.07 IST D 3.1 Final TIMES Report 31.11.07 IST D 4.1 Final ISIS Model Report 31.11.07 IST
  5. 5. PPS6 EDEN Project Description 5 (subcontract) D 5.1 Stationary Applications Emissions Model 30.03.07 INETI Component D 5.2 Final Report for Environmental impacts (COPERT 31.11.07 INETI and stationary equivalent) D 6.1 Portugal Profiling Report 31.11.07 SRE D 6.2 Final KCAM Report 31.11.07 SRE D 6.3 Set of Energy Data for Portugal 30.06.07 SRE F2 D 7.1 Final Report on Infrastructure Build Up 31.11.07 EDP & INEGI D 8.1 Final Report on Niche Markets 31.11.07 SRE M3 Work Level Meeting 02.08 IST D 9.1 Final Report on Roadmap 15.05.08 IST F3 D 10.1 Final Report on Action Plan 15.05.08 IST M4 Final dissemination Workshop 15.05.08 INEGI Table 3: List of Deliverables and Meetings
  6. 6. PPS6 EDEN Project Description 6 1. Portugal Vision & Scenario Development Responsible: IST Objectives Formulation of a vision is an essential input for the EDEN roadmap and serves to stimulate discussion in the workshops. The development of a (long-term) vision is a key element in the discussion process with the stakeholders. The input from the stakeholder is seen as the major step in the validation of the roadmap. The development of the (long-term) vision is the central element in the workshops. A number of tasks, such as infrastructure build up, and Key Changes and Actor Mapping (KCAM) rely (to some extent) on the outcome of the discussions on the long-term vision. The vision development is also central to the quantitative modelling work. The vision for a hydrogen economy that is developed provides a summary of the various ingredients, such as modelling outcomes and Infrastructure Analysis. In the course of the project, the reaction to the intermediate vision should result in: • Selection and refinement of the relevant energy chains, • Developing views on the localisation of production and demands within a country, • Assert the relevance of the individual chains in the hydrogen subsystem, for production, and distribution infrastructure, • Where necessary (see previous point), assess factors of influence that lay outside the modelling framework, such as socio-political barriers or stimuli, resulting in quantitative assessment of limitation for specific technologies (bounds), • Give a qualitative description of the long-term state towards which the energy system will evolve and the evolution towards that state. Tasks As stated before, the vision development is the core activity in the workshops. It strongly links with a number of other activities such as the selection of the specific energy chains, regions profiling, infrastructure built up and modelling. Results will be available for the first, second and third as an input for roadmap and vision discussion. The following process is envisaged: • In the first workshop, a basic vision on the country specific characteristics of the future hydrogen energy system has to be developed. This will serve as input for the hydrogen energy chain selection.
  7. 7. PPS6 EDEN Project Description 7 • In the second workshop, the vision will be refined using the input generated by the assessment of the country specific energy chains. In addition, first results of the modelling framework will be available as well as the regions profiling. The regions profiling will provide information on the characteristics of the current energy system but above all about the potential characteristics of the future energy system. In addition, the regions profiling will identify early markets that can enable the step towards mass markets. The final vision for a hydrogen based energy system will be established, implying that the vision is validated and accepted by the stakeholders. Deliverables D 1.1 Energy Chain Tables: The quantitative output will be condensed by means of a set of tables. These tables have to list e.g. the selected energy chains and, if applicable, the upper and lower bounds (preferably in time). These bounds reflect the non-economical aspects, such as geographical conditions, potentials and characteristics, consumer and political preferences etcetera. The tables will also include in them technology penetration rates to be agreed by the stakeholders. D 1.2 Penetration rates: Penetration rates with timelines must be agreed by the stakeholders for both stationary and transport hydrogen applications, for two scenarios: high penetration and low penetration. D 1.3 Descriptive Energy Vision: The qualitative part is a description of long-term state of the energy system, and the development towards that state. In the vision, also the hydrogen centres (if any) and their expected evolution in time have to be described as well as the mobilisation of resources for the hydrogen production.
  8. 8. PPS6 EDEN Project Description 8 2 Pathway Analysis Responsible: IST Objectives To identify 5-7 (optimum: 6) most relevant hydrogen energy chains for Portugal to be used in the further techno-economic analysis within EDEN. Tasks In the first workshop, a complete range of potential energy chain calculations for Portugal will be presented. These chains will have been run through the E3 database and will demonstrate the full range of potential options for hydrogen systems development in Portugal, together with estimates of their relative costs and CO2 emissions. Stakeholders will be required to select a final list of chains to be used in the mapping process. Deliverables th D 2.1 The Pathway Analysis Report, this is due 30 November 2007 and will contain: • A full list of selected hydrogen energy chains together with a percentage distribution of the contribution from each individual energy chain in the year 2010, 2020, 2030 and 2050. • A bar chart comparing the CO2-equivalent emissions (Well-to-tank and Well-to-wheel or Source-to-user) from all hydrogen energy chains decided on, • A bar chart comparing the specific costs (Well-to-tank and Well-to-wheel or Source-to-user) from all hydrogen energy chains decided on, • A tabled percentage distribution of energy chains over time.
  9. 9. PPS6 EDEN Project Description 9 3 TIMES-Model Responsible: IST Objectives Results will be used as an input for the roadmap. The TIMES model allows analysis of the impact of the introduction of hydrogen on the energy system. The model will also be used to produce an integrated view on the build-up of a hydrogen sectors, from production to final consumption. It provides input for the ISIS model that analyses sectoral shifts and the COPERT model that determines emissions impacts. The effects are analysed on following parameters: • Primary energy demand for Portugal, • Power sector build-up for Portugal - type of power plants (i.e. fuel), • Relative contribution of selected hydrogen energy chains • Relative contribution of hydrogen transport and delivery options; refuelling infrastructure • Number of hydrogen vehicles • Number of stationary hydrogen applications • Impact on built environment • Side benefits: CO2-emission reductions and Security of Supply, for Portugal (national and sectoral level) Tasks In the first workshop, an overview of key assumption (energy prices, hydrogen deployment, emission constraints) and the relevant inputs will be presented. For inputs that are initially based on external sources, such as transport demand, an overview of assumed values will be given for discussion and validation. In the second workshop, the TIMES first model run outcomes will be presented for comments and additions. Comments from stakeholders are gathered and translated into model inputs, particular attention is paid to setting bounds. These comments will be processed, resulting in the final results.
  10. 10. PPS6 EDEN Project Description 10 Deliverables D 3.1 Final TIMES Report: This is due on 30th November 2007 and will present the final results for Portugal to feed into the roadmap.
  11. 11. PPS6 EDEN Project Description 11 4 ISIS-Model Responsible: IST (sub-contract to Fraunhofer ISI) Objectives Results will be used as an input for roadmap and end-vision discussion in the workshops. The ISIS – model provides an analysis of the impact of the introduction of hydrogen on employment and sectoral shifts. The effects are analysed on following parameters: total employment effects and Sectoral shifts Tasks In the first workshop, the general outcome and methodology will be presented. An overview of the relevant inputs will be presented. In the second workshop the ISIS results will be presented for comments and additions. Comments from stakeholders are gathered and translated into model inputs. Deliverables Final ISIS Model Report: This is due 30th November 2007 D 4.1
  12. 12. PPS6 EDEN Project Description 12 5. Environmental impacts – COPERT III Model and stationary emissions equivalent Responsible: INETI Objectives Results will be used as an input for EDEN roadmap and end-vision discussion in the workshops. This involves the analysis of the environmental benefits resulting from the introduction of hydrogen. The impacts are analysed mainly looking at the pollutant emissions provided by road transport at the point of use. To this end the impact is analysed in three different domains, including urban areas, looking at the following indicators: Fleet composition per country and fuel type, Fuel consumption, Carbon oxide, Nitrogen oxides, Particulate matter, Volatile organic compounds, CO2 and other greenhouse gases. In addition, a methodology will be developed to estimate equivalent emissions from stationary sources. Tasks In the first workshop, the general outcome and methodology will be presented alongside a description of the relevant inputs will be presented. For vehicle forecasts an indication on the assumed values will be given for discussion and stakeholders requested to provide more adequate information. In the second workshop the results will be presented to gather comments and feedbacks from stakeholders to refine the model inputs. Deliverables D 5.1 Stationary Applications Emissions Model Component: A methodology needs to be proposed to model the impact on emissions from stationary hydrogen applications. Due date th 30 March 2007 D 5.2 Final Report for Environmental impact: The final report from COPERT and stationary th model runs will be delivered by 30 November 2007.
  13. 13. PPS6 EDEN Project Description 13 6 Key Change and Actor Mapping (KCAM) Responsible: SRE Objectives KCAM results are an input to inform the development of an action plan in identifying the main critical potential opportunities and barriers to be overcome through policy change. A systematic and qualitative assessment of the key changes required in the technological transition and the influence of critical factors upon them. The information gathered will be analysed through the following parameters: Country, Hydrogen chain component, Difficulty allocation, Time frame, Primary dimension allocation (political/institutional, techno-economic, social, infrastructural), Likely level of required government involvement (EU, central, regional), Broad actor group. Tasks In the first workshop, The KCAM methodology must be tailored to include an actor knowledge and political motivation component. This together with the complete KCAM system will be presented to the stakeholders at the first workshop. In the second workshop, the summary report will have been created and fed into the online KCAM tool and stakeholders will reach consensus on this input during the workshop and finalise this process over the three weeks following. Deliverables D 6.1 Portugal Profiling Report: This present the current energy system in Portugal, projected energy system evolution, relevant policies and measures as well as key stages in the energy chains. D 6.2 Final KCAM Report: this will present and analyse the results of the KCAM process, due date is 30th November 2007 D 6.3 Set of Energy Data for Portugal: SRE will be involved in collecting data as required for the various modelling components in close cooperation with IST.
  14. 14. PPS6 EDEN Project Description 14 7 Infrastructure Analysis Responsible: INEGI & EDP Objectives The primary aim of the infrastructure analysis work is to answer the question where, when and how will hydrogen infrastructure develop in Portugal over time. Infrastructure analysis is a means of providing a bridge between the short term well-to-wheels analysis of hydrogen infrastructure provided by the E3 database (and potentially also from the H2A model) and the more longer term but lower resolution data that will be taken from the MARKAL/TIMES modeling work. Infrastructure analysis will therefore need to be conducted in close collaboration with the other modeling work. Essentially the methodology should entail the connection of demand centers (end users) and production centers via infrastructure. This will depend largely on the energy chains selected during the end vision and scenario development work. These chains should then be analyzed for the following aspects: Calculation of transport distances between supply and demand centers • Type, size and location of hydrogen production and transport/distribution technologies, • and how these will develop over time Cash flow analysis to identify the most cost efficient infrastructure options • The first two points should ideally be conducted using GIS maps (such as ArcVIEW) to provide graphic representation of how the infrastructure will develop over time, based on the different scenarios of hydrogen penetration for Portugal. Tasks The tasks can be split into six main areas as described below: 1. Identification of demand centres Definition of scope • Identification of population density • Definition of end users (e.g. passenger vehicles, CHP) • Regional distribution of end users • Identification of existing infrastructure (e.g. road network, pipelines, etc) • Graphical presentation of data (ArcVIEW) • 2. Identification of hydrogen distribution centres Identification of existing infrastructure (e.g. refueling stations, gas substations) •
  15. 15. PPS6 EDEN Project Description 15 Type of distribution centre (e.g. onsite production, supplied by pipeline etc) • Sizing of distribution centers over time • Geographical expansion of distribution centers over time • Presentation of data • 3. Hydrogen resource analysis Qualitative description of possible hydrogen supply sites • Location, sizing, type and cost of energy supply (e.g. pipeline pressure and • available quantities of natural gas; biomass type, seasonal availability and collection area; quality and quantity of available by-product hydrogen) Logistics of CO2 transport and storage • Graphical presentation of data (ArcVIEW) • 4. Hydrogen production infrastructure build-up Development of build-up scenarios for the hydrogen production sites (type, size • and location) in conjunction with task 5. 5. Hydrogen distribution infrastructure build-up Qualitative description of hydrogen infrastructure build-up • Discussion of specific challenges (collaborate with KCAM analysis) • Description of layout of distribution infrastructure (including type, size and • location of production centers, transport and distribution technologies) over time Interface with TIMES modeling work • 6. Cash flow analysis Identification of cost data (interface with E3 database) • Graphical presentation of data • At the first workshop, the process will be introduced. In the second workshop, interim results will be available. The development of infrastructure build-up scenarios is iterative, with the comments from the second workshop being used as feedback loops. Deliverables D 7.1 Final Report on Infrastructure Build Up: This report will contain user centre identification, demand split between the areas over time, split in central/ de-central production, average transport distances (input to TIMES), infrastructure build up scenario for high and low penetration scenario, cash flow analysis for infrastructure build-up, Portugal identification of potential cross-border hydrogen flows.
  16. 16. PPS6 EDEN Project Description 16 8 Niche Markets Responsible: SRE Objectives The objective of the niche market study will be to identify relevant market opportunities and challenges for hydrogen application and end-use technologies in Portugal. The main drivers for the hydrogen economy are environmental advantages, security of supply and innovation as a growth engine. Hydrogen as an energy carrier will create new business opportunities for equipment producers, energy companies/utilities and industries developing hydrogen related end-use products. As opposed to a centralised energy system, hydrogen as an energy carrier might also create the opportunity for a new energy paradigm based on distributed and locally managed fuel and electricity production infrastructures relying on a more diversified set of energy sources within a more competitive energy market. Such an environment creates also major challenges with regard to more capital intensive technology investments (next generation nuclear power plants, carbon sequestration processes and clean coal based systems) and also with regard to the hydrogen infrastructure which is a necessary condition for the large scale use of hydrogen as an energy carrier for a variety of applications (transport and stationary). Adopting a long term perspective requires also to take into account the possibility that emerging concepts which are at the stage of inventions and fundamental research become disruptive innovations creating new market opportunities, transform the ways different applications interact (fuel cell cars used as stationary CHP), the ways companies develop new product functionalities and the ways these functionalities transform consumers’ behaviour (the Internet case being a recent example) through for instance selling excess power produced through CHP to the power grid. Furthermore as fuel cell and hydrogen technologies are developed spin-off of these technologies to or from other sectors is likely. This will create new business opportunities and positive pervasive effects in areas not easy to foresee. Tasks The analysis of market opportunities will be carried out, on a qualitative basis, by means of the SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats) approach. A first task could be to provide a broader vision of how the energy system in general might be reshaped in the future and the opportunities and threats these trends might represent for hydrogen and fuel cell technologies. Then a specific focus will be made on end-use applications (stationary and transport). This part would also analyse opportunities and threats for relevant actors. After the first workshop a dedicated SWOT methodology for the EDEN project will be developed. At the second workshop the results will be presented to gather comments and feedbacks from stakeholders to refine the results.
  17. 17. PPS6 EDEN Project Description 17 Deliverables th D 8.1: Final Report on Niche Markets, due on the 30 November 2007
  18. 18. PPS6 EDEN Project Description 18 9 Roadmap Synthesis Responsible: IST Objectives Roadmap Synthesis The Roadmap is the major outcome of the EDEN project. Based on this roadmap, a so-called action plan will be written that focuses on the short to medium term actions to be taken to support and enable the developments as laid down in the roadmap. The basic characteristic of the roadmap is that it has to be supported by the major stakeholders involved in the hydrogen transition. Secondly, it has to reflect real live conditions (validated realistic though ambitious approach). The roadmap is therefore not just a description of technological evolution of hydrogen based applications, but also deals with the non-technological issues such as impacts on the economy (sectoral level as well as macro level), impacts on emissions and impacts on security of supply. The roadmap is to a large extent the synthesis of the assessment of the hydrogen pathway development. Building of the roadmap heavily leans on the assessment of A & B, taking into account the results of the models as well as the infrastructure analysis, the actor analysis as well as the visions laid down by the stakeholders in the workshops. The roadmap will describe the impacts of the introduction of hydrogen applications and its impact on the economy and environment. It will identify the key technologies and key stakeholders in the transition process as well as the resulting barriers and opportunities. Tasks In the work level meeting an overview presentation of the results to date will be presented. The development for the Road Map will be planned fully. Deliverables D 9.1 Final Roadmap Report
  19. 19. PPS6 EDEN Project Description 19 10 Action Plan Responsible: IST Objectives The Action Plan will be used to communicate the major findings concerning the steps that will take the successful introduction of hydrogen as a significant energy vector forward. The action plan is based on the roadmap and comprises specific actions to be taken in the next decade in order to facilitate the transition towards a hydrogen based energy system. In specifically focuses on the period until mass market introduction of hydrogen applications is reached. Analysis will be made of the policy measures and key actions of relevant actors that facilitate the introduction of hydrogen in the energy system. The potential support from (improvement of) the existing policy framework (emission trading, feed in tariffs) will be assessed as well as the introduction of new / additional policy instruments (e.g. clean air legislation, subsidies and taxation, specific support instruments for infrastructure built up etc). The action plan will also contains a brief description of the characteristics of the early markets and main barriers to overcome and opportunities to cease in the early phase of the transition. Tasks In the work level meeting an overview presentation of the results to date will be presented. The plan for the development for the Action Plan will be made ensuring ample time for feedback from the partners. Deliverables D 10.1 Final Action Plan Report
  20. 20. PPS6 EDEN Project Description 20 11. Contact List NAME INSTITUTION E-MAIL Campos Rodrigues SRE sre@sre-fc.com Pedro Rodrigues SRE pr@sre-fc.com Judite Pinto SRE jep@mail.pt Gonçalo de Moura Elias SRE ge@sre-fc.com Pedro Lira INEGI plira@inegi.up.pt João Pereira INEGI joao.pereira@inegi.up.pt Sílvia Esteves INEGI silvia.esteves@inegi.up.pt Ana P. Mesquita EDP Produção anapaula.mesquita@edp.pt JoaoGoncalo.Maciel@labelec.edp.pt João Maciel EDP Inovação/ Labelec Carlos Freitas EFACEC Energia cfreitas@eng.efacec.pt Nuno Costa EFACEC SE ncosta@efacec.pt Cármen Rangel INETI carmen.rangel@ineti.pt Antonia Travassos INETI antonia.travassos@ineti.pt A.S. INETI amc.sa@ineti.pt Rui Pimenta IST – RGESD ruipimenta@ist.utl.pt Hugo Seymour IST – RGESD hugoseymour@ist.utl.pt Francisco Borges IST – RGESD fborges@ist.utl.pt Rei Fernandes IST – RGESD reifernandes@ist.utl.pt Luke Murray IST – RGESD lukemurray@ist.utl.pt
  21. 21. PPS6 EDEN Project Description 21 12. Meeting Agendas First Workshop PPS6 EDEN Project Time: 10:00 – 13:30 Porto, 21st March 2007 Meeting Venue: INEGI, Porto Time N° Issue Responsible 10:00 0 Arrival and registration ALL Introduction to the meeting 10:30 1 INEGI & IST 11:00 2 Vision development IST & ALL Overview of potential scenarios • • Discussion of penetration rates 12:00 3 Pathway Analysis IST & ALL Review and selection of optimum chains • • Discussion, including partners contributions 13:00 4 PPS6 EDEN Project Summary IST & ALL • Review of the project description & methodology 13:30 6 End of meeting ALL
  22. 22. PPS6 EDEN Project Description 22 Second Workshop PPS6 EDEN Project Time day 1: 10:30 – 17:30 Time day 2: 09:00 – 11:00 Lisbon, 24 - 25 September 2007 Meeting Venue: EDP, Lisbon Time N° Issue Responsible 9:45 0 Arrival and registration ALL 10:30 1 Aim of the meeting and approval of the agenda INEGI Review of current progress on project • 11:00 2 Vision development IST & ALL Overview of consensus scenarios • Discussion of selected hydrogen chains • TIMES 11:30 3 IST Presentation of preliminary results from TIMES • One hour break for lunch 13:00 14:30 4 KCAM SRE Review of interim results • Discussion ending in final consensus on inputs • 15:40 Coffee Break 16:00 5 Infrastructure Analysis EDP & INEGI Presentation interim results • Discussion, on bounds and assumptions • 17:30 6 End of meeting day 1 ALL
  23. 23. PPS6 EDEN Project Description 23 Time N° Issue Responsible 09:00 7 ISIS & COPERT (incl. stationary) Niche Markets SRE, IST & INETI Presentation of interim results • Discussion, on assumptions • 10:00 8 Vision development IST Review of day’s results and discussion of shared • stakeholder vision. 11:00 9 End of meeting day 2 ALL Meeting Venue: In Lisbon, location to be confirmed
  24. 24. PPS6 EDEN Project Description 24 Work Level Meeting PPS6 EDEN Project Time: 10:30 – 14:00 Lisbon, 1 – 14 February 2008 Meeting Venue: IST Time N° Issue Responsible 9:45 0 Arrival and registration ALL 10:30 1 Aim of the meeting and approval of the agenda IST Review of current progress on project • 11:00 2 Current development IST & ALL Presentation of existing results • Roadmap and action plan planning process 14:00 3 Discussion and agreement on system • Division of tasks • 16:00 End of meeting
  25. 25. PPS6 EDEN Project Description 25 Final Dissemination Meeting PPS6 EDEN Project Time: 10:00 – 14:00 Lisbon, 15 – 31 May 2008 Meeting Venue: IST Time N° Issue Responsible 9:45 0 Arrival and registration ALL 10:00 1 Aim of the meeting and approval of the agenda INEGI Review of current progress on project • 11:00 2 Roadmap Development IST & ALL Presentation of existing roadmap • Discussion • 11:30 3 Action Plan IST & ALL Presentation of existing action plan • Discussion • 12:00 4 Dissemination Plan IST & ALL Publications discussions • Press releases • Website • Glossy documents • 13:00 5 Press conference IST 14:00 6 End of meeting ALL