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EDEN - Lucis Project

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Projecto EDEN

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  • 1. LUCIS / DEMTEC PROJECT Ricardo Barbosa, INEGI 1 INEGI, 9th May EDEN PROJECT International Seminar – “H2 as an energy vector” Lucis Project– Fuel Cell Demonstration Project– Promotor – INEGI Partners – INETI, SRE 2 INEGI, 9th May EDEN PROJECT International Seminar – “H2 as an energy vector” 1
  • 2. LUCIS | DEMTEC PROJECT INTRODUCTION NEW ENERGETIC PARADIGM The need of a new energetic paradigm comes from the interaction of the following propelling forces: • The appearance of emerging technologies that can provide sources of distributed generation with benefits not available to traditional and centralized energy sources; • An increase of the energy supply security concerns has revealed the vulnerability of the centralized energy production to accidents or sabotage; • The inevitable emergence of more environmental constraints in energy production, since this represents an important part in local and global pollution. 3 INEGI, 9th May EDEN PROJECT International Seminar – “H2 as an energy vector” LUCIS | DEMTEC PROJECT INTRODUCTION The role of hydrogen in the new energetic paradigm The concept of a hydrogen economy was created in the 70’s and the first World Conference of Hydrogen, in 1976, identified the hydrogen as a carrier of clean energy for the future. The Australian chemical John Bockris used for the first time the term quot;hydrogen economyquot; in the early 70’s. In the prospective hydrogen economy, a quot;substantial fraction of the energy is supplied by hydrogen produced from sources of energy without emissions of greenhouse gases.quot; 4 INEGI, 9th May EDEN PROJECT International Seminar – “H2 as an energy vector” 2
  • 3. LUCIS | DEMTEC PROJECT INTRODUCTION Hydrogen as an energy vector Hydrogen Hydrogen Use of Hydrogen as a Distribution and Production fuel storage PEM Fuel Cells Alkaline Fuel Cells Fuel Cells Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 5 INEGI, 9th May EDEN PROJECT International Seminar – “H2 as an energy vector” LUCIS | DEMTEC PROJECT OBJECTIVES - Validate the reliability of current technology of PEM hydrogen fuel cells (PEMFC) when used in practical situations. - Evaluate the competitive advantages that these solutions can represent instead of the conventional solutions currently used. - Evaluate the logistic impacts that the dissemination of this technology can bring. - Evaluate economical, social and cultural impacts associated with the use of hydrogen. - Evaluate the benefits to business competitiveness of the FC use. - Evaluate the potential market. 6 INEGI, 9th May EDEN PROJECT International Seminar – “H2 as an energy vector” 3
  • 4. LUCIS | DEMTEC PROJECT DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS The situations selected for the demonstration of applications cover a wide range and illustrative examples, the potential of the use of FC in the following situations: • Feeding Residential Lighting • UPS / Back-up • Feeding stand alone systems • Feeding Portable systems • Used as a Battery Charger 7 INEGI, 9th May EDEN PROJECT International Seminar – “H2 as an energy vector” LUCIS | DEMTEC PROJECT TECHNOLOGY USED PEM Technology Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cells work with a polymer electrolyte in the form of a thin, permeable sheet. Electrical Efficiency is about 40 to 50%, and operating temperature is about 80ºC The solid, flexible electrolyte will not leak or crack, and these cells operate at a low enough temperature to make them suitable for homes and cars. Their fuels must be purified, and a platinum catalyst is used on both sides of the membrane, raising costs. 8 INEGI, 9th May EDEN PROJECT International Seminar – “H2 as an energy vector” 4
  • 5. LUCIS | DEMTEC PROJECT TECHNOLOGY USED H 2 ( g ) → 2 H + (aq ) + 2e − Anode 1 O2 ( g ) + 2 H + (aq ) + 2e − → H 2O (l ) 2 Cathode Clean electrical energy production when feed with hydrogen produced by renewable energy sources 9 INEGI, 9th May EDEN PROJECT International Seminar – “H2 as an energy vector” LUCIS | DEMTEC PROJECT TECHNOLOGY USED 10 INEGI, 9th May EDEN PROJECT International Seminar – “H2 as an energy vector” 5
  • 6. LUCIS | DEMTEC PROJECT TECHOLOGY USED • SRE PEM cells are specifically designed to be used in small power applications, portable, traction or stationary. This means demanding requirements regarding simplicity in auxiliary systems and low balance-of-plant energy consumption (typically lower than 1W on a 10 W system). • Our standard output values, already validated by independent laboratories, are around 400 mW per square centimetre (at 0,5 V) with peak values above 500 mW. 11 INEGI, 9th May EDEN PROJECT International Seminar – “H2 as an energy vector” LUCIS | DEMTEC PROJECT DEMONSTRATOR: CM Torres Vedras DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS | CM Torres Vedras • CMTV always cared about environmental protection and exploitation of renewable energy. (Torres Vedras got one of the most significant wind farms in Portugal). • The use of Hydrogen as an energy vector has been the subject of interest by CMTV. In that scope two demonstration projects are promoted: •Back-up/UPS of SNPC communication systems. •Traffic lights. 12 INEGI, 9th May EDEN PROJECT International Seminar – “H2 as an energy vector” 6
  • 7. LUCIS | DEMTEC PROJECT DEMONSTRATOR: CM Torres Vedras DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS | CM Torres Vedras Back-up/UPS of SNPC communication systems Back- Objective • Test the Hydrogen Fuel Cells as a source of backup, particularly for situations where it intends to have large autonomy systems, such as the National Office of Communications Civil Protection. Project description The system is currently composed by a radio and a battery that usually has to be connected to conventional energy. In the new solution it happens the integration of Battery + Fuel Cell + Photovoltaic Panel. The photovoltaic panel will aim to simplify the logistics of hydrogen involved in this project. The systems will be installed in the area of Torres Vedras, distributed by four entities: the GNR, the PSP, the Fire Department and City Hall of this county 13 INEGI, 9th May EDEN PROJECT International Seminar – “H2 as an energy vector” LUCIS | DEMTEC PROJECT DEMONSTRATOR: CM Torres Vedras DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS | CM Torres Vedras Traffic Lights Objectives: Test the hydrogen fuel cells as a source for mobile traffic lights instead of traditional batteries, thus providing a solution of extensive autonomy. Project description The new solution is to replace the battery by a power source with maximum power output of 200W and stabilized to 12V. The solution still has a battery 'buffer' of 25Ah/24V. The compressed hydrogen bottles to be used for this application is the type 20H, with a capacity of 3.5m3 on hydrogen. It is therefore an autonomy of 36 hours for the system. 14 INEGI, 9th May EDEN PROJECT International Seminar – “H2 as an energy vector” 7
  • 8. LUCIS | DEMTEC PROJECT DEMONSTRATOR: Auto-Estradas Atlântico Demonstration projects | AEA Demonstration project: Video Surveillance in Auto-Road A8 feed by FC in addition to solar photovoltaic systems and wind power. Advantages: •With the use of an integrated photovoltaic (PV) / the Hydrogen Fuel Cell (PCH), it is possible to optimise the rate of availability and reliability of the energy supply system in remote locations. •The use of PV system / PCH will reduce the huge costs that are achieved with the over sizing of PV panels, especially when an availability and reliability rate of more than 90% is wanted. • The integrated system will reduce the capacity of accumulators, which are usually extremely high when it is used for the solution of photovoltaic panels. 15 INEGI, 9th May EDEN PROJECT International Seminar – “H2 as an energy vector” LUCIS | DEMTEC PROJECT DEMONSTRATOR: Auto-Estradas Atlântico Demonstration projects | AEA Project Description: The Photovoltaic Panel is the primary source of energy that will ensure the supply of energy in the system. Since the energy captured by the sun and wind is not available in most of the day, the FC system comes as secondary source to video surveillance systems. 4 posts are covered in this project 16 INEGI, 9th May EDEN PROJECT International Seminar – “H2 as an energy vector” 8
  • 9. LUCIS | DEMTEC PROJECT DEMONSTRATOR: Autosil Demonstration projects | AUTOSIL Demonstration project: Battery charger (AUTOSIL) Advantages: The use of FC as a battery charger allows more flexibility in its use. Project Description: The number of batteries to be charged at the same time are 10, with a capacity of about 25Ah/12V. In this project SRE 200 W power supplies with 12 V stabilized output are used. 17 INEGI, 9th May EDEN PROJECT International Seminar – “H2 as an energy vector” LUCIS | DEMTEC PROJECT DEMONSTRATOR: INETI Demonstration projects | INETI Demonstration project: Backup systems for emergency lighting. Advantages: The use of FC as a Backup systems for emergency lighting is a way to extend the autonomy of the system. Project Description: The backup system used is constituted by 2 power supply 200W, with output of 12V stabilized. The hydrogen vessels used are of type 20H (about 3.5m3 of hydrogen). 18 INEGI, 9th May EDEN PROJECT International Seminar – “H2 as an energy vector” 9
  • 10. LUCIS | DEMTEC PROJECT DEMONSTRATOR: CM Albufeira Demonstration projects | CM Albufeira Albufeira City Hall promoting energy efficiency and environmental protection got four demonstrations projects in the LUCIS scope: 1.Power supply to the vice-president office. 1.Power vice- The aim of this demonstration is through testing of the Hydrogen Fuel Cells feeding back-up/UPS. The solution implemented in this demonstration project to ensure the supply of electricity for lighting and taken with a power which was estimated at 200 W, with peak values of 500 W. The use in this project, back-up/UPS serves as a major test for the approach of other markets. 2. Feed of water pumps and lighting. The aim of this demonstration is through testing of the hydrogen fuel cells as a source for electrical power supply of 12 projectors and the water pump used in fountain. The system implemented under this project consists of a hybrid system consisting of a photovoltaic panel and a fuel cell of 400 W with inverter. 19 INEGI, 9th May EDEN PROJECT International Seminar – “H2 as an energy vector” LUCIS | DEMTEC PROJECT DEMONSTRATOR: CM Albufeira Demonstration projects | CM Albufeira 3. Feed for two lamps for street lighting. The aim of this demonstration is through testing of the hydrogen fuel cells feeding two lamps for lighting of the public car park opposite the City Hall of Albufeira. The system implemented under this project consists of a hybrid system consisting of a photovoltaic panel and a fuel cell. 4. Kid Kart The aim of this demonstration is through testing of the hydrogen fuel cells applied. Recharging the internal Battery and powering the engine. The system implemented under this project consists of a hybrid system consisting of a photovoltaic panel and a PEM fuel cell. 20 INEGI, 9th May EDEN PROJECT International Seminar – “H2 as an energy vector” 10
  • 11. LUCIS | DEMTEC PROJECT Testing benchs Characterization of FC: - Polarization curves. - Evaluation of the behaviour in several conditions by changing parameters such as: - Gas Humidity and flows - FC Temperature Test rigs located at INEGI 21 INEGI, 9th May EDEN PROJECT International Seminar – “H2 as an energy vector” LUCIS | DEMTEC PROJECT Conclusions • Demonstrations Projects are running; • Systems are being monitored; • First public divulgation session – 2th June – Torres Vedras. 22 INEGI, 9th May EDEN PROJECT International Seminar – “H2 as an energy vector” 11
  • 12. Thanks For Your Attention !!!! 23 INEGI, 9th May EDEN PROJECT International Seminar – “H2 as an energy vector” 12